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25 of the rarest dog breeds



While nearly 200 dog breeds are already recognized by the American Kennel Club, some of our four-legged friends are less common than others.

Brandi Hunter, AKC’s vice president of public relations and communications, told Newsweek there are often specific reasons for the declining popularity of endangered breeds.

“Like clothing trends and baby names, dog breeds are coming in and out of fashion. Pop culture is also likely to play a big role in preferences.

“Sometimes the decline in popularity is related to the purpose for which the breed was created. When this work is no longer needed, the number of breeds decreases.

“For example, Otterhounds, which, as their name suggests, were bred for otter hunting while popular in England, declined significantly when otter hunting was banned in 1

978.”

But, she said, rare breeds can make great pets.

“For people who are looking for a breed that will stand out from the crowd or want to help preserve a breed that is in decline, a rare breed can be a great solution.

“The owner of a rare breed has a responsibility to inform anyone who is interested in their breed in order to spread awareness and help the breed grow.”

Explore some of the rarest dog breeds in the United States.

Azawakh

AZAVAK
Young Azawakh gallops to the camera on the beach. Azawakh is a tall and elegant West African hen
animalinfo / Getty images

The number of admirers of the rare Azawakh, a tall and elegant West African hen with a fine coat, available in a variety of colors, is growing.

The AKC website states: “Like its legacy, Azawakh excels as a companion, guardian and entice in the United States.”

Bedlington Terrier

BEDLINGTON TERRIER
Bedlington Terrier puppy posing with a loling tongue. These cute and fluffy dogs, originally bred for hard work in the shafts, are relatively rare in most countries outside the UK.
Sergey Tikhomirov / Getty images

These cute and fluffy dogs, originally bred for hard work in the shafts, are relatively rare in most countries outside the UK.

The AKC described the Bedlington Terriers as “ingenious roommates, vigilant guards, versatile athletes and irresistibly fluffy companions on television.”

Beer Terrier

Beer Terrier
The rare Biewer Terrier dog breed was officially recognized by the AKC in January 2021
olchanskiy / Getty images

The Biewer Terrier, which was officially recognized by the AKC in January 2021, is an elegant, long-haired, ground, black, white and brown terrier.

These rare purebred dogs are known for their friendly, playful and energetic qualities, which makes them excellent pets for young families.

Leopard dog Catahula

Leopard dog Catahula
Catahoula Leopard is a flexible working dog, mixing strength with agility and endurance
Eudyptula / Getty Images

Catahoula Leopard is a flexible dog, mixing strength with agility and endurance.

This rare breed, originating from Spanish settler puppies and Indian dogs, is distinguished by its magnificent yellowish leopard spot on the short-haired coat.

Czech Terrier

Czech Terrier
Rare breeds of dogs Czech Terrier resting by the fireplace
VSFP / Getty images

The National Dog of the Czech Republic is an intelligent and curious indoor companion for children who also enjoy long trips abroad.

The short-legged and beautiful Czech Terrier is relatively rare, with the AKC suggesting that there are currently less than 600 dogs in the United States.

Chinook

CHINOOK
The Chinook is a muscular working dog and a devoted family pet, developed in the United States to build and race sled dogs in the 20th century.
American Kennel Club

The Chinook is a muscular, working dog and a dedicated family pet, developed in the United States to build and race sled dogs in the 20th century.

Guinness World Records list the Chinook as the rarest breed of dog in 1965, with only 125 known.

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Little Dandie Dinmont Terrier runs to the camera in a field. The unique-looking Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a tough but worthy little fighter
Lourdes Photography / Getty Images

The unique-looking Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a solid and decent little destroyer, bred for the needs of farm life, but they will be equally at home in an urban environment.

Despite Dandie Dinmont’s small stature, this extremely rare breed of dog is blessed with its great personality.

English Foxhound

English Foxhound
The English Foxhound is one of the rarest dogs in America. breed
acceptfoto / Getty images

Although this pack-oriented dog breed is gentle and sociable, English foxes are rare in family homes due to their strong rudimentary instincts.

As a result, future owners of one of the rarest dogs in America must realize that these hunters require a lot of exercise and attention.

Estrela mountain dog

Estrela mountain dog
It is believed that this large breed of dog, named after Mount Estrela, is extremely rare outside Portugal.
slowmotiongli / Getty images

The mountain dog Estrela is recognized as both an excellent guardian and a wonderful companion for all ages.

It is believed that this large breed of dog, named after Mount Estrela in Portugal, is extremely rare outside this country.

Finnish Spitz

Finnish Spitz
The lively Finnish Spitz is a greyhound with ginger and fox
Pavel Rodimov / Getty Images

The lively Finnish Spitz is a breed of hunting gingerbread with ginger fur, called “Barking Bird Dog”.

Although the breed is popular in some parts of Scandinavia, the Finnish Spitz remains relatively uncommon in the United States, with the AKC ranking the breed among the rarest in the country.

Hovawart

Hovawart
The Hovawart is quite rare in the United States, but the heavy breed remains popular in Germany.
Sandra Dombrowski / Getty images

Hovawart is an alert and large working dog, with a stable disposition and a protective instinct.

The Hovawart is quite rare in the United States, but the heavy breed remains popular in Germany.

Kai Ken

KAI KEN
Kai Ken is considered a rare breed – even in Japan
Nilnate Nilprasit / Getty Images

This medium-sized dog is considered to be one of the purest and most ancient dog breeds in Japan and is traditionally used for hunting game in its native mountains.

Kai Ken is considered a rare breed even in Japan and therefore dogs are extremely unusual in the United States

Lagoto Romagnolo

Lagoto Romagnolo
The curly-covered Lagotto Romagnolo is the world’s oldest water retriever
Sigena Semling / Getty image

Sometimes confused as a poodle cross, the curly Lagotto Romagnolo is the oldest aquatic retriever in the world.

While the Lagotto Romagnolo is a rare breed in the United States, dogs are more common in their country of origin, Italy, where they are used to hunt truffles.

Moody

MUDI
The Moody breed is rarely seen outside its homeland in Eastern Europe
vauvau / getty images

This Hungarian-born dog breed (pronounced “gloomy”) is actually well known for its optimistic and highly active nature.

The Moody breed is rarely seen outside its homeland in Eastern Europe and it is estimated that less than a thousand of these friendly dogs remain.

Dutch Kooikerhondje

Dutch Kooikerhondje
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje almost disappeared after World War II
American Kennel Club

These cute dogs, harbingers from the Netherlands, with Nederlandse Kooikerhondje are best known for their ability to hunt ducks.

This rarest breed almost disappeared after World War II, but Nederlandse Kooikerhondje returned with the help of enthusiasts of the breed.

Norwegian Lundehund

Norwegian Lundehund
The Norwegian Lundehund is now recognized as one of the rarest breeds in the world
CaptureLight / Getty images

Originating from the Ice Age, the Norwegian Lundehund is now recognized as one of the rarest breeds in the world.

Because the Norwegian Lundehund is designed to hunt puffins on precarious rocks, these most agile dogs have evolved into evolved unique rock-scaling features: six toes on each front paw, remarkably adjustable ears and neck, flexible enough to rise. back and touch the spine.

Otterhound

POSSIBLE
The extremely rare Otterhound breed was first documented in medieval England
IPGGutenbergUKLtd / Getty Images

This extremely rare Otterhound breed was first documented in medieval England, but was not recognized until the 19th century.

As their name suggests, these dogs were originally popular for their excellence in otter hunting, but today these meager shaggy four-legged friends make extremely affectionate family pets.

Peruvian Inca orchid

PERUVSKA INCA ORCHID
The AKC recognizes the Peruvian Inca orchid as rare
Ekaterina Gorokhova / Getty images

The Peruvian Inca orchid is an agile, lively and intelligent hen native to the mountains of South America.

AKC recognizes this breed, which is known to have a small portion of the hair on its otherwise bald crown, as a “kissing spot” as a rarity.

Pyrenean Shepherd

Pyrenean Shepherd
The Iberian Shepherd is categorized as endangered
Klaus Feurich / Getty images

The Pyrenean Shepherd is a hard-working shepherd breed descended from ancient shepherd dogs from the harsh French Pyrenees.

These affectionate, active and cute dogs are categorized as endangered.

Sloughi

Sloughi
Sloughi is one of the rarest dog breeds in the United States
slowmotiongli / Getty images

Sloughi is called the “Arabian Greyhound” because of this flexible and fast canine dog, developed for hunting game in the North African deserts.

Sloughi is one of the rarest dog breeds in the United States, and although a little distant from strangers, this breed is loyal, loving and gentle to its families.

Stabyhoun

Stabyhoun
Originating in the Netherlands, Stabyhoun is one of the rarest dog breeds in the world
Jessica Loyens / Getty images

Stabyhoun is an intelligent, responsive and affectionate combination of a retriever with a soft mouth and index finger.

This beautiful breed, originally from the Netherlands, is one of the rarest in the world because these family dogs have left their home country in recent decades.

Swedish Vallhund

Swedish Vallhund
The rare Swedish Vallhund casual character makes the breed a wonderful addition to any family
CaptureLight / Getty images

The Swedish Valhund is an intelligent and energetic shepherd breed that boasts thick fur and a thirst for life.

Although these dogs once accompanied long Viking ships, the easy nature of the rare Swedish Valhund makes the breed a wonderful addition to any family.

Telomian

The Telomiec, with its wedge-shaped head, feathers and sweet curly tail, is an unusual addition to this list, as it is not recognized as an AKC breed.

However, the Telomian is a breed until relatively recently found only in isolated villages near the Telom River in the rainforests of the Malay Peninsula.

Thai ridgeback

Thai ridgeback
Until recently, the Thai ridgeback was almost unknown outside his home country
DevidDO / Getty images

The Thai Ridgeback is an agile and active dog breed that boasts impressive jumping abilities.

Perhaps best featured with a comb of hair running down their spine, this loyal breed was until recently almost unknown outside of their native Thailand.

Xoloitzcuintli

Xoloitzcuintli
Xoloitzcuintli is the favorite dog of the ancient Aztecs and the breed is now recognized as quite rare
alkir / getty images

Xoloitzcuintli is the favorite dog of the ancient Aztecs, while today they are a loving companion and vigilant guardian for the whole family.

These purebred dogs, sometimes called hairless Mexican dogs, are known to be quite rare.


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