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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Entertainment https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ & # 39; Watchmen & # 39; opened with the slaughter of the Tulsa Race race in its series premiere

& # 39; Watchmen & # 39; opened with the slaughter of the Tulsa Race race in its series premiere

There were prayer vigils in the black churches and, within a week, first-degree murder charges were filed against the officer who shot him.

But the incident also shed fresh light on a dark moment in American history that has largely been forgotten – or never learned.

Almost a century ago, the very streets where protesters protested in September, chanting police killings of unarmed black men in America, killed hundreds of African-Americans in just one terrible day.

It is known as the Tulsa Rebellion of 1921. But not so is the granddaughter of one of the survivors.

"It was really a slaughter"

"It was really a murder. It was a slaughter, "said Joy McCondishi. Her grandmother survived the ordeal. Hundreds of others did not.

" Some kind of confrontation between blacks and whites was inevitable due to the racial climate at the time due to the presence of the Ku Klux Klan in almost every aspect.

Brown is the director of programs at the Greenwood Cultural Center, which collects and preserves memories, photographs and memorials from Tulsa since 1


Tulsa also had something special that did not exist in much of the country in the 1920s In 1965, in Tulsa, Greenwood County was home to black millionaires, a host of black business owners, doctors, pharmacists, and even a pilot owning a private jet.

Black Wall Street boasts 300 businesses

Black Wall Street boasts more than 300 black businesses, including two theaters.

Black success, Brown said, is the source of friction in the city because it "caused some envy and anger among white people who commented," How dare these blacks have a grand piano in my house, and I don't have a piano in my house, "she said.

Not all were well – but Tulsa quickly became known as a place of opportunity for blacks who wanted to make good money. What they didn't know was that by the end of the night on June 1, 1921, their neighborhood would be cut short.

Historians say the spark was a meeting between a 17-year-old white girl named Sarah Page and a 19-year-old black man named Dick Rowland.

"Dick Rowland worked as a shoe shine boy in downtown Tulsa," Brown said.

Good money had to be made because of the wealthy white oilers who had the money to throw. It was the end of May.

Charges pressed after an elevator incident

Rowland says Brown was allowed to enter Drexel, a white establishment, to take water and use the toilet when it was overheated.

  Who is responsible for defining race relations in America?

Sarah Page works in this building as an elevator operator. The two met almost every day because Rowland would use the elevator Paige used to work with. That day, the ride didn't end as quietly as it did so many times before.

"That day, after the elevator doors closed and Sarah Page and Dick Rowland were alone in the elevator for a few minutes, there was

the elevator doors opened. Roland escaped and was later arrested. And Sarah Page originally claimed she had been attacked, Brown said. Other historical records say Rowland gave up getting off the elevator, grabbed Paige by the arm, screamed, and a spectator went.

Seventeen-year-old Sarah Page never made any accusations. But the authorities did. And the damage was done. By the end of the day, the mill said Paige was raped.

Angry crowd asked for a lynching

Big inaccurate press releases were added to the furore. The photos show large crowds of white residents gathered in the courthouse. They had one request: They wanted Rowland to be lynched.

  Why is the police firing to kill?

Brown says the black community has decided to protect him. No one believed he would do such a thing, and they helped him.

"They were willing to risk their lives, they knew they would risk their lives to help protect Dick Rowland," Brown says. [19659002] When they reached the courtroom, thousands of whites had also gathered before the court. They were angry and upset about what had happened. The whites were armed. One of the armed men got into a confrontation with a black resident who asked him why he was putting a gun on.

Brown says historical records show the two are arguing. There was a gun fight. He shoots. A white resident is shot dead.

The whites decided to storm the black neighborhood. According to some estimates, the number storming through the tracks separating Black North Tulsa and White South Tulsa is 10,000.

At least 300 black lives lost

"Blacks have been counted and exceeded so much "The white ones eventually broke through the tracks and invaded what was home to Black Wall Street, Greenwood," said Brown.

By the end of the night, 35 city blocks were burned to the ground. Black Wall Street was deleted. There are photos of dead bodies of Afro-Americans living on the streets. Some were shot to death.

The historical story is that at least 300 blacks were killed.

"There really is no way of knowing exactly how many people died. We know that there have been several thousand unaccounted for," said Meshel Brown of the Greenwood Cultural Center, citing survivor accounts and population numbers. Many just fled the city.

Survivors report that planes dropped bombs

Some survivors said they remembered death not only on the streets but also raining from the sky.

"Many of our survivors have commented that they remember seeing planes drop bombs. They throw nitroglycerin bombs. We know that at least one company has allowed white riots to use their planes to drop bombs," Brown said.

There is no official information on the attacks, but lawyer Buck Colbert Franklin, the father of historian John Hope Franklin, described the airstrikes in a manuscript now housed in the Smithsonian's National Museum of African American History and Culture. [19659044] Franklin saw a dozen or more planes circling in the middle and heard "something like a hailstorm falling over the top of my office building," he writes. On the street, he saw the Midway Hotel and then other buildings burning from their roofs down.

"The sidewalks were literally covered with flaming turpentine balls. I knew too well where they came from, and I knew all too well why each burning building was caught from the top in the first place," he continues. "I stopped and waited for the right time to escape.

A 2001 State Commission report said:" Tulsa was probably the first city in the (United States) to be bombed by air. "

At least one survivor remained in Tulsa in 2016. Hazel Smith Jones is 97 years old, but turned three when the attack happened.

" My father was not home, just the kids and mom. They came and took us, "said Smith Jones. The white men in the truck began collecting residents and taking them out of the neighborhood.

The survivors were left with nothing."

"We stayed there and my father didn't know where we were."

She said her mother thought it would be the safest thing to do. Uns was one of 13. Her mother was scared and thought that if the family were around other people, everyone would be safer. They may have been right, but the absence of homeowners also meant that

The black families who survived the burning, robbery and shooting were left with nothing when they returned.

A statement published in one of the local newspapers after the incident seemed to contradict the Mafia's actions. : "Such a neighborhood as the old " niggertown "should never again be allowed in Tulsa."

These words are still alive. This is also what happened when once wealthy black business owners contacted their insurance companies.

All Rejected Insurance Claims

Any Insurance Claim in the Greenwood District is Rejected.

The claims amount to $ 2.7 million. Still, Black Wall Street has been restored, but never to its former glory.

As officials called the race a riot, its white residents were disguised. Although there is no statute of limitations on murder, there is rebellion. And Brown says Tulsa's black residents have never received compensation.

"They never received justice for the loss of their loved ones, their homes and the business they worked so hard for to build from the ground up," Brown said. [19659002] But Black Wall Street was still restored. Brown says it was actually desegregation, which was the latest blow.

"The dollar circulated 19 times in black shops before leaving the neighborhood," Brown said.

But after the white establishments were also forced to accept the money of black people, the money began to migrate. Black residents wanted to exercise their new freedoms – without realizing what they would do for the business in their own neighborhood.

Christopher Lett contributed to this report.

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