Sixty years ago, the Tibetan Buddhist leader stepped on Indian land to begin his life as a refugee.
After a failed rebellion following the arrival of Chinese troops in Tibet, the Dalai escaped from Lhasa in fear of his life. Only 23 years later he and his followers crossed the treacherous Himalayan passage in India on a horse arriving on March 31, 1959.
The then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Neru offered refuge for the religious leader along with tens of thousands of other Tibetans, since then the Dalai Lama honored as a living god by millions of Tibetan Buddhists – has made India his own home. India officially calls it "the most respected and respected guest".
"I am the longest guest of the Indian government," said Dalai Lama, 1
But as the Tibetans celebrate 60 years of exile for their cultural icon, there is growing uncertainty about what is going on in the future. The monk who moves around the world, now 83, decided last year to cut off his travels, citing age and exhaustion.
It is not clear who will inherit it when it dies, how that person will be chosen, or even have another Dalai Lama.
Traditionally, the title is bestowed on the highest ranking leader in Tibetan Buddhism. It is given to those who consider themselves to be the incarnations of many revered religious teachers.
Asked in a recent interview with Reuters about what might happen after his death, the Dalai Lama expected a possible attempt by Beijing to instigate a Tibetan Buddhist successor.
In the interview, the Nobel Peace Prize Laureate in 1989 said, "In the future, if you see two Dalai Lamy coming, one from here, in a free country, one is chosen by the Chinese, and then no one trust it, no one This will be an additional problem for the Chinese It is possible that this may happen ..
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said that "the rebirth of living Buddhas, including the Dalai Lama, must comply with Chinese laws and regulations and follow religious rituals and historical conventions. "
Beijing must have complete control over the appointment of the next Dalai Lama to help strengthen his overall authority over the Tibetan community that is deeply faithful to his spiritual leader.
The Dalai Lama says he no longer seeks independent Tibet, only its cultural autonomy, but China is not convinced. He criticizes him as a traitor, a "wolf in the robe of a monk," who participated in "anti-Chinese separatist activities under the cloak of religion in order to smash Tibet away from China."
In 2011, in order to democratize the Tibetan government in exile, the Dalai Lama gave up his political and administrative powers to become only a spiritual leader, but he is still the most influential figure in the community.
Although he has created a democratic structure for Tibetans in India, many are concerned that their future may seem bleak without the Dalai Lama speaking on their behalf.
India is home to nearly 100,000 Tibetan refugees, about 73% of all Tibetans in exile.
But many of them in recent years have doubts whether the host country is distanced from the community and whether the Dalai Lama and his followers would get the same wel
"India feels that the attraction of Tibet to the West is diminishing," said Cerring Shakya , a Tibetan scientist, and a senior scientist at the University of British Columbia in Canada.
In the end, the current geopolitics are the most important for India. China is much stronger than it was 60 years ago, and India takes pragmatic attitudes – an approach that could be worth the interests of the exiled Tibetans. Tibetan exile activist was detained by Indian police during a protest near the Chinese embassy in New Delhi on March 12. "data-src-mini =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190329165205-01-tibet-dalai-lama-small-169.jpg "data-src-xsmall =" // cdn.cnn .com / cnnnext / dam / assets / 190329165205-01-tibet-dalai-lama-medium-plus-169.jpg "data-src-small =" http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/ 190329165205-01-tibet-dalai-lama-large-169.jpg "data-src-medium =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190329165205-01-tibet-dalai-lama-exlarge-169 .jpg "data-src-large =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190329165205-01-tibet-dalai-lama-super-169.jpg "data-src-full16x9 =" // cdn .cnn.com / cnnnext / dam / assets / 190329165205-01-tibet-dalai-lama-full-169.jpg "data-src-mini1x1 =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190329165205- 01-tibet-dalai-lama-small-11.jpg "data-request-load =" not-loaded "data-eq-pts =" mini: 781 "src =" data: image / gif; base64, R0lGODlhEAAJAJEAAAAAAP /////// wAAACH5BAEAAAIALAAAAAAQAAkAAAIKlI + py + 0Po5yUFQA7 "/>