This year, the United Nations General Assembly will unfold this week amid crises – from a warming planet to economic insecurity to flaming conflicts that threaten to further embody the United States in the volatile Middle East.
Trade wars, migration, energy supply, climate change and poverty eradication are at the heart of the 193 General Assembly agenda. But the actions of the Trump administration, which sometimes have a disdain for international institutions such as the United Nations, have created a common denominator.
"All the main topics that I think people will talk about in the hallways are related to: What is US policy? ", Said Jeffrey D. Feltman, US veteran diplomat and former UN secretary-general for political affairs.
But a prominent figure, President of Ukraine Vladimir Zelensky, will be present. meets with Mr Trump amid growing fears that Mr Trump has put pressure on US domestic affairs.
Some of the biggest moments and confrontations may occur earlier this week. Here's what to expect:
Unanimous Leaders: Bolsonaro, Trump, El-Sisi, Erdogan
President Trump, whose propensity for explosions, scandal and diplomatic bombardment is well known, will be surrounded by like-minded people. company on Tuesday as speeches begin.
n. Trump will be preceded by Brazilian President Jair M. Bolsonaro, sometimes called mini-Trump, a polarizing figure at home who, like Mr. Trump, dismisses his fears of climate change and ridiculed critics on Twitter.
After Mr Trump arrives, Egyptian President Abdel Fatah el-Sisi, a former general who came to symbolize the repression of the Arab Spring revolutions – although his appearance was called into question last weekend when protests broke out 19459010 At home. Then comes President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey, an autocrat who harasses critics and whose government is a leading prisoner of journalists.
The United States and Saudi Arabia will bring their case against Iran.
Speculation has recently been raised that Mr Trump will make history by meeting with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. But the September 14 attack on oilfields in Saudi Arabia, for which U.S. and Saudi officials blame Iran, made such a meeting at best.
US officials are expected to present what they described as evidence that Iran carried out the attack with drones and cruise missiles. Iran has denied the accusation. Yemen's Houthi rebels, backed by Iran in their fight against a Saudi-led coalition that has been bombing their country for more than four years, have claimed responsibility.
Mr. Rouhani spoke on Wednesday and will almost certainly claim that Mr Trump has ignited the cycle of the conflict, withdrawing from a 2015 nuclear deal last year with major powers and again imposing severe sanctions that cripple his economy.
The United States is trying to create a coalition to deter Iran, even if it is not clear in what form such deterrence would take. The general meeting allows the administration to "continue to delay the military response in favor of greater coalition building and political and economic pressure," said Aaron David Miller, senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Washington will be absent at a climate change meeting.
The climate crisis is at the top of the agenda of the General Assembly. About 60 heads of state plan to speak at the climate summit on Monday, and employees aim to announce initiatives that include non-zero carbon emissions in buildings.
The United States has no such plans – Mr Trump announced in 2017 that he was withdrawing from the Paris Climate Change Agreement. But some state governors who set up the US Climate Union said they would attend the summit and meet with other delegations.
The United States and China will talk about resolving their trade war. Mr Trump may raise other issues.
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin was expected to meet with his Chinese counterparts on the sidelines, suggesting that the administration is seeking to create a more productive atmosphere for resumed trade talks after weeks of violence. Both governments have recently ended their escalating tariff battle.
But some administration officials have urged Mr Trump to address other issues deemed sensitive by China, including protests against democracy in Hong Kong, repression against Tibetans, and the detention of more than one million Muslims, mostly ethnic Uighurs. An official said Mr Trump should at least criticize China for trying to intimidate Uighur-American activists.
Mr. Trump has never spoken strongly about human rights, and he has openly expressed admiration for Mr. Xi and other authoritarian leaders. But lawmakers in both parties in Congress are pushing for Mr. Trump to act. The Uighur, Tibet and Hong Kong bills are aimed at forcing Mr Trump and the administration to take firmer positions.
The leaders of Japan and South Korea, key Asian allies of America, do not speak.
A the prolonged feud between Japan and South Korea, rooted in the legacy of Japan's occupation in the war, led to a deterioration in trade relations and the end of an intelligence-sharing agreement. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and South Korean President Moon Jin are not expected to meet with each other. Whether Mr Trump can push them into a three-way conversation remains unclear. And one goal shared by all three – North Korea's nuclear disarmament – may have little progress or no progress.
While Mr Moon is expected to call on Mr Trump to resume his quest for diplomacy with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, no high-ranking North Korean official is planning to attend the General Assembly.
Europe will be pressured to sanction the Venezuelan government.
The foreign ministers of 18 countries in the Western Hemisphere, including the United States, planned to meet on Monday to discuss what could be done about Mr Maduro, who presided over the biggest economic collapse in history. Venezuela and the regional crisis caused by the expulsion of millions of its people.
Progress will focus on convincing the European Union to extend economic sanctions against Mr Maduro's loyalists, including the freezing of assets they hold in Europe. Europeans may also be pressured to penalize smugglers of Venezuelan gold in Europe.
n. Maduro, who claimed victory in a contested election last fall, has retained power despite nine months of demands to resign from a stubborn opposition movement led by Venezuelan Parliament Speaker Juan Guido. Negotiations between Venezuelan rivals collapsed last week.
Friction is starting from America and Turkey.
n. Trump and President Erdogan are expected to meet on the sidelines, but at best the outcome is unclear. A number of difficult issues confront their governments against each other.
The Trump administration is considering sanctions to punish Turkey, a NATO member, for purchasing a Russian missile defense system, the S-400, instead of US patriots. And Mr Erdogan has expressed growing anger at the United States over their joint operations in northern war-ravaged Syria, which borders Turkey.
He says that the Americans have failed to create a safe area large enough to prevent the Kurdish fighters from Turkey, which considers them terrorist rebels. On Saturday, Mr Erdogan warned that his forces would take "unilateral action" along the border if the US did not act by the end of the month.
Last but not least – Afghanistan.
One has to speak last in the list of national delegations addressed to the General Assembly. This year, the site falls in Afghanistan, just weeks after the collapse of Taliban-US talks aimed at ending the 18-year war.
With the planned national elections next Saturday, President Ashraf Ghani was not expected to attend. Instead, the Afghan delegation will be led by Hamdulla Mohib, Mr Ashraf's national security adviser.