AL HOL CAMP, Syria – She left the Netherlands to join the Islamic state of Syria and marry a fighter here. She was murdered, so she married another who had her pregnant before being killed.
Then this month, when the Islamic state collapsed, she surrendered with her son to the United States-backed forces and landed in the expanding Al. A rampant tent camp that swelled up to the abyss with the human remains of so-called caliphate.
"I just want to get back to normal life," said 34-year-old Janetta Yahani, her son Ahmed, 3, pressed to her feet and shaken by a heavy cough. The announcement a week ago that the Islamic state has lost its last territory to Syria is a milestone in the battle against the worst terrorist network in the world. But they also raised urgent questions about what to do with the tens of thousands of people who had gathered to join jihadists from around the world and nowhere to go.
The outbreak of the population is taxing the resources of the camp, which leads to crowding and long lines of food, fuel and drinking water.
On Thursday, the camp of white tents and muddy, scattered alleys felt like a UN of jihadists. Groups of women spoke in English, Russian, French, Dutch and Chinese. The white and black children played together in the mud.
Germanka said she had come to Syria with her husband, a doctor. Now she had no idea where she was, and she was stuck in a camp with a baby in her hands and a curly pussy that was clutching her legs.
But she did not want to go back to Germany, which she considered to be an infidel.
"I do not want to raise my children in a society that is completely corrupt where every sin is encouraged," she said, refusing to give her name.
It was better to challenge him in Syria, she said. – This is temporary. After death, it is forever. "
Although they no longer control their own territory, the militant Islamic theocracy that has ever spread through Iraq and Syria, women in the camp have still respected the rules of the Islamic state, wearing black dresses and covers. with slits for their eyes.
Their clothes were dirty, the hem and the shoes were muddy. Many were dressed with hackers and runny nose. Other children sell biscuits and soda, whose relatives have managed to enter or stay in long ranks for food, drinking water, and gas for generators.
Al Hall is the largest of the three detention camps run by the Kurdish administration in the north-east of Syria. Other camps are heading to Iraq and Libya.
Together with tens of thousands of Syrians and Iraqis, Syrian camps hold 12,000 foreign women and children, according to Rudur Xelil, senior officer in the Syrian Democratic Forces supported by the United States. who are fighting the jihadists. The hosts also have over 8 000 fighters, including 1000 foreigners, in their prisons.
Six places, including France, Russia and Chechnya, have returned a small number of their citizens, mostly women, children and orphans. But most of the native countries do not want former caliphate residents to come back, so they are stuck here in an unstable stateless state.
The local administration does not have the resources to deal with them and worries that scant international support could be
"Little support, little response," said Mohammed Bashir, camp administrator.
This week, local authorities have called for the creation of an international court to test foreign fighters, but the idea has gained little international support and the Syrian government is likely to block it. men. But some of them were also fighters. Some still support the ideology of extremists, forcing local authorities to prevent them from leaving.
"Are you from the Swedish Red Crescent?" Asked a Swede who had gone after a negative answer.
"I'm from a country that nobody knows so I will never leave
The discovery of strangers in the camp, Lisa Smith, a former member of the Irish Defense Force, congratulated but refused to
Some women still adhere to the ideology of the jihadists
A 22-year-old Chechen woman, identified only as Um Aisha, describes life in the caliphate as "all very good." There were brothers who believed in Shariah, an Islamic state, and it was not so, "she said, pointing to her disapproval
The husband of who was killed in an air attack on the last pocket of the Islamic state this month, she said, but she does not think the Jihadist project is over, everywhere in Germany, Russia, America – we believe al-Dawlah al-Islam will returns, "she said, using the Arabic name of the group
Others expressed regret.
Galion Su of Trinidad stood near the gate of the camp with an open face hoping to get out and look for his son was arrested by Kurdish forces in January.
Her husband brought them to Syria in 2014, and the couple divorced soon after, leaving her struggling to look after her son.
"I was like a whore in Dowla," said Ms. Su, 45. She married four men, she said, everyone on the condition that they leave her
When the jihadists tried to force him to fight , she dressed him as a woman. and escaped, but the Kurdish forces arrested him when they discovered the cunning, she said. Now she had no idea where she is. "I just want to be normal and go back to normal society, sleep in a nice bed, eat good food, watch TV and laugh," she said.
Children make up about two thirds of Al Hal's residents. Some are orphans. Many described in detail and with little emotion how their fathers were killed. All have witnessed violence, and some have been taught to practice it. children trained by jihadists. The challenge is growing, as some parents still support the ideology of jihadists.
"Mantality is the same. Nothing has changed, "said Mr. Bashir, the camp administrator. "Children are innocent, but when they find themselves in the camp they will learn what their parents teach." while the children from Iraq, Egypt, Russia, and elsewhere fiddled with fists of gravel. threatened: "I'm a sniper. I'll shoot you right in the head.
Nearby, two little children struggled and fell on the ground, struggling while a 10-year-old boy who missed his right foot was watching. He refused to give his name or say where it came from, and answered questions with short answers:
How did you lose your leg? Shrapnel.
What do you want to do now?
"Take a tent and stay in it. Or maybe a house. "Where?
"I do not know. "