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A historic Israeli Moon mission in progress after SpaceX launches



SpaceX Falcon 9 was launched from Cape Canaveral on February 21, 2019 aboard the Beresheet Lunar Apparatus.
Israel made an important first step to the moon after the launch of its private airplane, which entered the cosmos late yesterday aboard a space rocket.

The SpaceX Falcon 9 missile landed at 20:45 ET on Thursday, February 21, from Cape Canaveral Florida, SpaceNews reports. In addition to Beresheet's moon, the rocket successfully delivered the Indonesian telecommunication satellite Nusantara Satu and the experimental small S5 owned by the US Air Force. Hebrew is a significant milestone for Israel and the private sector. The four-legged moon plane represents the country's first attempt to land on the Moon, but is also the first private-funded private jet. If the mission is successful, Israel will join an exclusive club of countries that puts the landowner on the Moon, while others are the United States, Russia and China.

Beresheet was built by Israeli SpaceIL, which is funded by donations from individual private sponsors. The company's self-determined vision is to "advance the science and engineering debate in Israel and to familiarize the young generation with the exciting opportunities in the future that STEM studies make possible."

In order to save fuel, the spacecraft is a more complex route to the moon than usual. As the Associated Press reports, Beresheet's orbit around the Earth will increase in size as the moon's gravity trainer is strong enough to catch the craft. An attempt at landing in the sea of ​​tranquility – a large, dark, basaltic plane, also known as a lunar mare – is likely to appear on April 11th.

During the descent, the spacecraft will measure the magnetic field of the Moon, potentially revealing new ones. details of the iron core deep down, the New York Times reported. The landing sequence should take about 15 minutes – a delicate procedure to be observed by a joint group of the Israeli Space Agency, NASA and the Institute of Science in Weizmann, Jerusalem Post reported.

Once planted on the Moon, Beresheet will transmit pictures and videos to Earth, on SpaceNews. The probe is also equipped with a series of mirrors known as reflectors. Earth's surface lasers will shine on these mirrors and then reflect back on Earth, allowing scientists to measure the distance from the Earth to the Moon with high precision, NYT reports.

The description of Beresheet's lunar artist.
Beresheet was originally designed to compete for the $ 20 million Google Lunar X prize, which was discontinued on January 23, 2018 because "no team will attempt to launch to reach the Moon by March 31, 2018, deadline, "in the words of the founder of the X Award and Chairman Peter Diamandis. As a condition for the race, lunar probes were required to move at 500 meters (1640 feet), which is possible. Beresheet had to do this by landing and landing again, but as the NYT pointed out, mission planners are no longer bound by this requirement. The decision to make lunar hops will not be taken until after the landing in April, but there is really nothing to gain from such a maneuver – one that could unnecessarily damage the probe.

The Beresheet will only last for a few days. days since the moon will not be able to withstand the extreme temperatures on the surface. But his inheritance will endure in the form of a burden; the probe contains hundreds of digital files including the Torah, the Israeli flag, artwork, and an archive containing 30 million pages of information, NYT reports.

"Congratulations to SpaceIL and the Israeli Space Agency," NASA Administrator Jim Brittenstein said in a statement from the agency. "This is a historic step for all nations and the commercial space, as we are looking to expand our cooperation beyond the low Earth orbit and the Moon."

As far as SpaceX Falcon 9 is concerned, the first degree of reinforcement has made its third successful journey into space, and he successfully landed on a ship unmanned in the Atlantic Ocean. In a twinkle, however, Muss said that the re-entry was not without incidents.

Despite the challenge, Musk said the first-stage rocket would be used for the fourth launch in April.

[SpaceNews, Associated Press, New York Times, Jerusalem Post]


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