Scientists have discovered a huge reservoir of potentially fresh water hidden under the ocean off the east coast of the United States.
Formation is aquifer – an underground layer of permeable rocks that may contain groundwater. A survey of the area showed that it stretches 50 miles from the sea and ranges from Massachusetts to New Jersey – and possibly Rhode Island, Connecticut and New York.
If the scientists' calculations are correct, the volume of the locked water can be 670 cubic miles – almost as much water as it can be found in Lake Huron (850 cubic miles). This would make the aquifer the largest form of this species.
Discovery is important because researchers believe that similar aquifers may exist worldwide ̵
Access to fresh water is a huge concern for billions of people across the planet. According to the World Health Organization, 785 million people do not have access to even a basic drinking water service, whereas by 2025 half of the world's population will live in "water-drenched areas".
A team of researchers led by Chloe Gustafson from the Columbus University Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory was based on previous studies showing that fresh water is present in sediment under the salty ocean
Evidence of aquatic horizon occurs through 1970. The oil would occasionally fall into the fresh water pocket. However, it is not clear whether these are isolated regions or are parts of a larger structure. In 2015, using technology previously used by petroleum companies to search for oil, researchers began exploring the coasts of New Jersey and Massachusetts, where pockets of fresh water sludge had previously been identified. Their findings have already been published in the journal Scientific Reports .