What would a Mars home look like? What clothes would we wear on the Red Planet? And how would we grow our food? The answers to some of these questions are beautifully presented in the new exhibition "Moving Mars" at the London Museum of Design.
The race is a successful Mars-to-Mars mission, with NASA leading a suite of public and private institutions competing for the first time, including Ilon Musk's Space X, Jeff Bezos' Blue Origin, Boeing, and the National Space Administration of China .
It is safe to say that these goals may be more ambitious than realistic. Many of the necessary technologies do not yet exist, including spacecraft that are either under development or in prototype stage. What the mission of Mars might look like is far from clear, with some teams planning to build a fully deployed Martian habitat, while others envision orbiting stations that can function as launch sites for limited surface travel. But it is not too early to dream or begin to imagine how things will turn out.
The interior of the proposed habitat of Mars by London-based design firm Hassell.
At the center of the role that design will play in sending humans to Mars, the exhibition is rich in historical materials, but also with more perspective or speculative elements , with a wide range of designs by designers in various fields.
Curator Eleanor Watson says the projects in the show are answers to questions about Mars' future missions. "Like what microgravity clothing should look like, what Mars' habitat might look like, a lot of speculative questions about what a planet might look like in 1,000 or even 10,000 years," Watson said in a phone interview.
Among the experimental works is a fashion collection from sustainable design company RÆBURN, which presents clothing to be used in Martian habitats adapted from recycled materials for spacecraft.
The garments are made from recycled parachutes and thermal blankets.
"At $ 18,000 a kilogram of payload, shipping things to Mars is expensive, so whatever you take with you, you should be able to use reapply. All rovers that are if you are flying, for example, come with landing parachutes. What will you use these parachutes after landing? Well, one option is to make them all clothing for astronauts, "Watson says.
The exhibition features five architectural designs for potential Mars habitat modules, all stemming from the NASA 3D printing habitat challenge, a $ 3 million construction competition of homes with 3D printing for deep space exploration. One of them, from London-based international design firm Hassell, is scaled to full size for people to enter and explore.
"Hassell very kindly agreed to make a layout of one to one of them modules with a diameter of six meters.It includes a system that would allow you to easily reconfigure the space. They created a group of six modules that connect and are covered by a radiation shield. These six modules are in a ring so you have a patio and when you are in one module, although it is quite small, there is a large window and you can see across and see what other people are doing. " says Watson.
Hassel's habitat includes hydroponics.
Outside the habitats, normal clothing will not shorten it in the thin and breathable Martian atmosphere. Astronauts will need space suits, such as the NDX-1, one of the first designed for Mars, by two engineers from the University of North Dakota, Gary L. Harris and Dr. de Leon. Compared to costumes designed for the Apollo Moon program, for example, Mars costumes should be much more flexible as they will be worn for months or even years, not just days.
The NDX-1 suit.
Currently, Mars exploration is done solely by robots and has four successful landings on rovers on the planet's surface, with only one of them, "Curiosity," is still working. The exhibition includes a replica of Rosalind Franklin, a Mars rover who will be launched in 2020 by the European Space Agency and will land in 2021. She is named after an English scientist who made crucial DNA discoveries and was previously known as ExoMars. "It's a wheeled lab, and it's going to go a long way into Martian's surface to try to find life's marks," Watson says.
Among the historical documents presented is the first map of Mars drawn by the Italian astronomer Giovanni Skiaparelli in 1877. He identified the darker and lighter features of the map such as seas and continents. "He also described perfectly the straight lines he saw on the surface, such as channels, which were then translated as" channels "rather than" channels "and caused the channel delusion that led to the misconception, that there may or may have been an intelligent life on Mars, "says Watson.
Schiaparelli, GV (Giovanni Vi
The interactive components of the show will focus on a multi-sensory experience designed to simulate conditions on the surface of Mars, complete with peace sound and sound, and a family trail that invites visitors of all ages to solve their own design challenges by completing tasks set by experts, including British astronaut Tim Peake.