A resident of Baldwin County has died from eastern equine encephalitis, a mosquito-borne viral infection, the Alabama Department of Public Health announced today.
The person became ill in September. This is the first confirmed case of EEE in an Alabama resident since 2014. EEE activity was reported earlier this year in a mosquito and watch chicken sample in Mobile County and Horse in Houston County, ADPH reported.
The Centers for Disease Control stated that as of October 22, it had received reports of 35 confirmed cases from the EEE in the United States this year, leading to 1
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. Severe EEE cases start with headache, fever, chills and vomiting, ADPH said. Worsening symptoms include disorientation, seizures and coma. About one-third of patients who develop EEE die. Many survivors have mild to severe brain damage. The symptoms develop 4 to 10 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.
People under 15 and over 50 are at highest risk of serious illness when infected with EEE.
Horses are susceptible to EEE and may die. from him. Horses are unlikely to spread the infection to humans as they are considered to be 'horizontal' hosts for the virus as well as humans. Vaccination can protect horses.
Dr. Sherry Davidson, interim state epidemiologist, said people should take precautions to avoid mosquito bites, despite the low number of EEE cases. Davidson recommends:
– Insect repellent containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535 or lemon eucalyptus oil on exposed skin and / or clothing.
– The permethrin repellent / insecticide can be used on protective clothing by several washes. Always follow the directions on the package.
– Wear long sleeves and pants when weather permits. ·
– Have secure window and door screens to prevent mosquitoes.
– Eliminate mosquito breeding grounds by emptying standing water from flower pots, buckets, barrels and other containers. Drill holes in the tire swings to drain the water. Keep children's pools empty and away when not in use.
For more information, visit the Alabama Department of Public Health's website.