ST. GEORGE – In January, a Chinese moon lunar hit the far side of the moon, a region never fully explored by man or machine, and its latest discovery is at least strange.
Launched in December, the Chang-4 mission's Chinese router is the first to land on the far side of the moon after its successful launch in January. Landing is considered a major technical feat and an important step towards China's broader aspirations in space.
When Chang landed 4 on a 110-mile diameter Von Karmán crater across the moon, it was the first time a probe had successfully landed on the so-called dark side of the moon.
In the course of its mission, the Rover has discovered minerals that may have reached deep below the moon's surface, among other materials and data.
Now she has made an even stranger discovery – a strangely colored, unknown 'gel-like' substance, according to our space, a Chinese space exploration publication.
In addition to the Chang 4 landing gear, a smaller rover called the Yutu-2 was also deployed. It was this rover that came across the gel unexpectedly as it passed through the moon crater.
While the Chinese government has not published many details describing what the gel substance looks like, its strange color is what sets it apart from the moon's surface, which facilitates detection.
External researchers suggest that the gel is a "molten glass" created by meteorites striking the farthest side of Earth's natural satellite, according to Space.com.
The primary objective of Chang & # 39; s mission was to explore the geology of the South Pole of the Moon, known as the Aitken Basin. The basin is a huge impact region in the southern hemisphere, approximately 1500 miles in diameter and five miles deep – it is the largest impacted moon pool and one of the largest in the NASA solar system.  Throughout the year-long mission, scientists focused on measuring materials found on the lunar surface and tracking lunar temperatures for the duration of the mission, working to create a miniature biosphere. To that end, the farmer's payload includes six living species from Earth, including cotton, rapeseed, fruit fly larvae, yeast, flowering plant and potatoes.
The germinated cotton seed of Chinese lunar Chang & # 4; s 4 is the first plant to ever sprout in another world.
Organisms are kept in a sealed chamber, protected from extreme temperatures and intense radiation from the lunar surface to create a mini-ecosystem, with plants producing oxygen and food to support fruit flies.  The Dark Side of the Moon
The "Man in the Moon" first appeared when meteoroids hit the side of the moon facing the Earth, creating large flat seas of basalt that we see as dark areas called Mary. But there is no "face" on the far side of the moon, and since the far side is never visible from the earth, it is a mystery.
This mystery is called the Lunar Coastal Problem and dates from 1959, when the Soviet space ship Moon 3 transmits the first images of the "dark" side of the moon back to Earth. It was called the dark side because it was unfamiliar, not because the sunlight didn't reach it.
The moon is well anchored to the earth, which means that it exerts tidal forces strong enough to cause the moon to show only one side while orbiting. A lunar day equals 14 days on Earth. The moon night is the same length and brutally cold.
It is widely accepted that the moon formed shortly after Earth, about 4 billion years ago, says NASA. It was formed when an object the size of Mars struck the Earth with a huge impact, which pulled the outer crust from the Earth and threw it into space. Some of the particles orbit around the planet while others evaporate, which over time creates a disk of magma and money around the planet that eventually merge to form the moon.
The moon was 10-20 times closer to Earth than it is now, and researchers found that it was quickly closed, "the same moon property has probably always collided with the Earth ever since," Penn State News says .
The heat emitted from Earth also heats the side of the moon, making the outer surface softer with less density. On the other hand, it forms a denser crust with colder temperatures, which in turn creates valleys, craters, and highlands, but has almost no moonlight or dark shadows.
This phenomenon can be seen in the first images taken from the far side in 1959 of Soviet Moon 3, and in additional images taken by NASA in 2015 with the help of the satellite of the deep space climate observatory, which captures view of the fully lit distant country.
With its special environment and complex geological history, the far side of the moon is considered an ideal place for scientific and space exploration.
Copyright St. George News, SaintGeorgeUtah.com LLC, 2019, all rights reserved.  Cody Blowers was raised in Southern San Francisco, California. A 2013 graduate of Colorado Technical University, Cody earned a bachelor's degree in criminal justice with a minor in paralegal study. During her academic studies, she discovered that writing was her true passion, and committed herself to providing reliable, integrated news coverage. Cody joined the St George News in 2015 and when she's not busy chasing the news, she can usually be found chasing her young granddaughter Cali