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All You Need to Know: June Solstice 2019 | Basics of Astronomy



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  Urban skyline with 4 widely-labeled sunset with a label from March to June.

The sunset stretches to the north, as shown in this composition by 2016 by Abhijit Juvekar. in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter in the southern hemisphere – will happen on June 21, 2019, at 15:54 UTC. This is 10:54 am CDT in North America on June 21st. Translate UTC to your time. For us in the Northern Hemisphere, this solstice marks the longest day of the year. Early morning. Long days. Late sunsets. Short nights. The sun in height every day as it crosses the sky. Meanwhile, south of the equator, the winter begins.

  Arches of huge, roughly cut vertical rocks with rocks on them.

In anticipation of the dawn to arrive at Stonehenge, Summer Solstice 2005. Image by Andrew Dunn / Wikimedia Commons. Read more about the Stonehenge summer solstice.

What is solstice? Ancient cultures knew that the solar path through the sky, the length of daylight, and the location of sunrise and sunset moved to

They built monuments like Stonehenge to follow the annual progress of the sun.

Today we know that the solstice is an astronomical event caused by the incline of the Earth along the axis and its movement in orbit around the Sun.

This is because Earth does not travel vertically. Instead, our world is tilted on its axis by 23 1/2 degrees. The northern and southern hemispheres of the Earth offer the most direct place to receive sunlight and heat.

During the solstice in June, the Earth is positioned in its orbit, so our North Pole is mostly based on the sun. As can be seen from the Earth, the sun is directly above the earth at 23 1/2 degrees north of the equator, on an imaginary line surrounding the globe, known as the Tropic of Cancer – called the Cancer constellation. It's as far north as the sun gets.

All places north of the equator have days longer than 12 hours in the sun in June. Meanwhile, all places south of the equator have days shorter than 12 hours.

  A map of the world with a latitude line of Mexico, North Africa, Saudi Arabia, India and far south China.

The red line shows the Cancer Tropic. As can be seen from this line of latitude, the sun appears above the head at the Sun's lunch in June.

When is the solstice where I live? The solstice takes place on 21 June 2019, at 15:54 UTC. This is 10:54 am CDT in North America on June 21st.

Solstice happens at the same time for all of us, everywhere on earth. To find the solstice time in your location, you need to translate it into the time zone.

Here's an example of this. In the Central States, for those of us who use Central Light, we take five hours of Universal Time. So we get 10:54 pm CDT as a solstice time in June 2019 (15:54 UTC on June 21 minus 5 is equal to 10:54 pm CDT on June 21)

Do you want to know the time of your location? See the article on EarthSky How to translate UTC in your time. And remember: translate at 15:54 UTC, June 21st.

  Huge brilliant white sun against a fiery yellow sky, silhouettes of orange tree.

Sunset via EarthSky Facebook friend Lucy Bee in Dallas, Texas.

Where should I look to see signs of the solstice in nature? Everywhere. For all beings on Earth nothing is as fundamental as the length of the day. After all, the sun is a major source of almost all light and heat on the Earth's surface.

If you live in the Northern Hemisphere, you may notice the early dawns and the late sunsets as well as the high arc of the sun in the sky. every day. You can see how high the sun is in the sky at the local lunch. And do not forget to look in your shadow. At the time of the solstice, this is the shortest shadow of the year.

If you are a man who is up to the outside doors, you know the tranquil, soothing feeling that accompanies these signs and signals from the longest of the year.

  A man sits on a hill with a wide, distant day rolling landscape, sun near the horizon.

Watching the sunrise sunrise. Photo by Sarah Little-Knitwitz, Glastonbury Tor, Somerset, UK

Is the solstice the first day of the summer? or traditions set the seasons in different ways.

In meteorology, for example, summer begins on June 1st. And every kid from school knows that summer starts when the last school rings the year.

Yet June 21 is perhaps the most widely recognized day in which the summer begins in the Northern Hemisphere and on which winter begins in the southern half of the globe. There is nothing formal about it, but it is such a long tradition that we all recognize it as such.

  A map of the world with a light part over America, Europe and most of Africa, resting dark.

The US Naval Observatory shows the day and night sides of the Earth at the time of the solstice of June (June 21, 2019, at 15:54 UTC)

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For us in the modern world, the solstice is a time to remember the awe and understanding that the early people had for the sky. About 5,000 years ago, people put huge stones in a circle across a wide plain in the current England and adapted them to sunrise in June.

Perhaps we will never understand the full significance of Stonehenge. But we know that knowledge of this kind is not limited to just one part of the world. At about the same time that Stonehenge was being built in England, two large pyramids were built on the Egyptian sands, and then the Sphinx. If you stood at the Sphinx of the Summer Solstice and stared at the two pyramids, you will see the sun standing between them.

<img src = "http://en.es-static.us/upl/2011/06/summer_heat_Phillippines.jpg" alt = "A sitting baby who pours water through his head from a blue pot People often ask:

If in June the solstice bears the longest day, why are we going through the hottest weather in late July and August?

the effect is called a lag of the seasons For the same reason, it is hotter in mid-afternoon rather than at noon The earth takes some time to warm up after a long winter Even in June ice and snow cover the ground in some places The sun must melt the ice – and warm the ocean – and then we will feel the hottest summer heat

Ice and snow melt from the beginning of spring, the melting water and the rainwater permeate through the snow on the top of the glaciers

So wait for another month It will come when the days are beginning to shorten again as the Earth continues to move in orbit around the Sun, bringing us closer to another winter.

So the cycle goes on. hands in front of the rising sun "

The final result: The solstice in June 2019 is happening June 21 at 15:54 UTC This is the 10:54 pm CDT in North America, which marks the beginning of the summer in the northern hemisphere – marks the northernmost point of the sun in the sky on Earth, a celebrated event of people through the ages

Visit EarthSky Tonight for easy-to-use graphics and night sky information. is as the Chinese philosophers have done

Why the hottest time is not in the longest day

<img src = "https://en.es-static.us/upl/userphoto/96.jpg" alt = "Deborah Byrd
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