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Amazon Fires: G7 Leaders Are Close to Agreeing Aid Plan, Macron Says

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Media caption BBC's Will Grant describes the view of the devastation from above as "disturbing"

International leaders gathering at the summit of D7 are reported to have reached an agreement with

French President Emmanuel Macron said on Sunday that the agreement to provide "technical and financial assistance" has ended.

Leaders from the United States, Japan, Germany, France, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom of Canada continue their meeting in the offshore city of Biarritz on Monday.

This is against the backdrop of international tensions over record fires in Brazil.

Critics have accused Brazilian President Jair Bolsanoro of "green-lighting" the destruction of the Amazon through anti-environmental rhetoric and lack of action on deforestation violations.

The severity of the fires and the response of his government provoked global outcry and protests.

President Macron last week de

On Sunday, he said that leaders "all agree to help those countries that have been affected by the fires as quickly as they have to prioritize at the G7 summit." the weekend. possible.

"Our teams are in contact with all sides of the Amazon, so we can finalize some very specific commitments involving technical resources and funding."

United Kingdom Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said that Britain will provide £ 1

0 million to protect the Amazon rainforest.

What is Brazil doing?

On Friday, in the face of increasing pressure from abroad, President Bolsonaro authorized the military to help deal with the blasts,

the Ministry of Defense said 44,000 troops were available to assist in the effort, and Sunday staff stated that military intervention was allowed in seven countries.

Military aircraft have also been drawn up to dispose of water into the affected areas.

The president tweeted on Sunday that he had also accepted a proposal for support from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.


Caption of images

Protests calling for intervention continue in Brazil nationwide over the weekend

President Bolsonaro has previously criticized the reaction of foreign governments and accused them of interfering with Brazil's national sovereignty.

Announcing military aid in a televised address on Friday, President Bolsonro insisted that wildfires "exist all over the world." He said he "cannot serve as a pretext for possible international sanctions."

On Saturday, EU Council President Donald Tusk acknowledged that it was difficult to imagine the bloc ratifying the long-awaited EU-Mercosur agreement – a landmark trade deal with South American nations – while Brazil still failed to contain the flames.

Following criticism again last week, Finland's finance minister went on to call on the EU to fully consider banning imports of Brazilian beef.

How Bad Are Fires?

Polar fires are common in the dry season in Brazil, but satellite data published by the Brazilian National Space Research Institute (INPE) show an increase of 85% this year.

Let's say that over 75,000 were registered so far in Brazil in 2019, most of them in the Amazon region.

Environmental activists are linking President Bolsonro's attitude to the environment and the recent spike in wildfires in the famous rainforest.

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Media caption Members of the Mura indigenous tribe pledge to protect their land on illegal deforestation earlier this month, he accused Inpe of trying to undermine his government with data revealing a sharp increase in deforestation levels.

The BBC analysis also found that the record number of fires that were recorded also coincided with the sharp drop in fines being issued for environmental violations.

Neighboring Bolivia is also struggling to control wildfires in its forests.

On Sunday, President Evo Morales ceased his re-election campaign and declared that he was ready to accept international assistance to deal with the blasts in his own country of Chikitania.

Why is the Amazon important?

As the largest tropical forest in the world, the Amazon is a vital carbon stock that slows the pace of global warming. It covers a number of countries, but most of them are in Brazil.

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Media caption Why the Amazon rainforest helps fight climate change

It is known as the "lung of the world" for its role in the absorption of carbon dioxide and the production of oxygen.

Rain forests are also home to about three million species of plants and animals and one million native people. Amazon: The lungs of the planet Political leaders, celebrities and environmentalists are among those calling for action to protect the Amazon.

Thousands of protesters also took to the streets around the world, urging governments to intervene.

On Sunday, Pope Francis also joined the call for the protection of tropical forests.

"We are all worried about the huge fires that have developed in the Amazon. Let us pray that with the commitment of all of them to be released soon. This lung is vital to our planet, "he told thousands of people at St. Peter. "

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Media caption Protests around the world over the Brazilian Government's inaction on the Amazon Fires

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