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Amazon is on fire – how bad is it?



  Map showing active fires in the Brazilian Amazon

Thousands of fires have devastated the Amazon rainforest in Brazil – the most intense flames for nearly a decade.

The northern states of Roraima, Accra, Rondonia, and the Amazonas also have been particularly affected by Mato Grosso do Sul.

However, images that are believed to be from the fires ̵

1; including some shared under the hashtag #PrayforAmazonas – have been shown for decades or even in Brazil.

So what really happens and how bad are the fires?

There have been many fires this year

The Brazilian forest in the Amazon has seen a record number of fires in 2019, according to data from the Brazilian Space Agency. [19659004] The National Space Research Institute (INPE) says its satellite data show an 85% increase over the same period in 2018.

Official data show that more than 75,000 forest fires have been recorded in Brazil in the first eight months of The year is the highest number since 2013. This compares to 39 759 throughout 2018.

Forest fires are common in the Amazon during the dry season, which lasts from July to October. They can be caused by natural events, such as lightning strikes, but also by farmers and loggers, clearing land for crops or grazing.

Activists say that the anti-religious rhetoric of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has encouraged such tree clearing. the image of his government.

He later said that the government lacked resources to fight the flames.

The north of Brazil is heavily affected

Most of the most affected regions are in the north.

Roraima, Accra, Rondonia and all Amazonas have a high rate of increase in fires compared to the average for the last four years (2015-2018)

Roraima increased 141%, Acre 138%, Rondônia 115% and Amazonas 81%. Mato Grosso do Sul, in the south, saw a 114% increase.

Amazonas, the largest state in Brazil, declared a state of emergency.

Fires emit large amounts of smoke and carbon

Smoke plumes from fires have spread throughout the Amazon and beyond.

According to the Copernicus Atmospheric Observatory of the European Union (Cams), smoke travels to the Atlantic coast. It even caused the darkening of the sky in Sao Paulo – more than 2,000 miles (3,200 km).

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Planet Labs Inc

Caption Images

Some forest fires, such as the one in Para, Brazil, cover a number of acres

The fires have emitted a large amount of carbon dioxide, equivalent to 228 megatons so far this year, according to Cams, the highest since 2010.

They also emit carbon monoxide – a gas released when wood is burned and not much access to oxygen.

Cams maps show that this carbon monoxide – toxic at high levels – is carried off the coasts of South America.

The Amazon basin – home to about three million plant and animal species and one million native people – is critical to regulating global warming, as its forests absorb millions of tonnes of carbon emissions each year.

But when trees are cut down or burned, the carbon they store is released into the atmosphere and the ability of tropical forests to absorb carbon emissions is reduced.

Other countries are also affected by fires

A number of other countries in the Amazon basin – an area extending 7.4 million km (2.9 square miles) – have also seen a large number of fires this year.

Venezuela has experienced the second largest number with more than 26,000 fires with Bolivia coming in third place, with more than 17,000.

The Bolivian government has hired a firefighter to help extinguish fires in the eastern part On the side. So far, they have spread over 6 sq. Km of forests and pastures.

Extra workers were also sent to the region and sanctuaries for animals escaped from the flames were created.

By Mike Hills, Lucy Rogers and Pump Stillian


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