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Americans can not leave processed meat despite health risks



Spam calls to Americans – even when public health experts warn about the risks associated with processed meat.

United States. adults still eat just as much processed meat as 18 years earlier, according to a study published Friday in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Processed meat includes red meat or poultry "transformed by salting, curing, fermenting, smoking or adding chemical preservatives," the study said.

The study analyzed data from 43,995 adults aged 20 and over who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) between 1999 and 2016. It was found that the meats consumed were lunch, meat, sausages, hot -dog, ham and bacon.

Americans have also not tilted the fish weighing scales that have not shown significant change over nearly two decades. (The American Heart Association approved the consumption of at least two servings of fish a week.)

Researchers, however, noticed a reduction in red meat consumption in humans and an increase in poultry consumption. For the first time, poultry consumption surpassed the raw consumption of red meat.

Meanwhile, a lack of awareness of the health risks associated with processed meat can help explain why Americans continue to consume them, suggested co-author Fang Fang Zhang Cancer Surgeon and Associate Professor at Tuft University, although he added , that social, economic and cultural forces can also be guiding food choices. in the US, "Zhang said in a statement.

Consumption of processed meat is associated with higher heart disease and risk of diabetes, according to Harvard University study in 201

0, although the study noted that there was no such increased risk of eating unprocessed red meat.

Cancer Research (IARC) considers that the processed meat is carcinogenic in 2015, declaring it has found "enough evidence" that its consumption causes colorectal cancer in humans. He also said that eating red meat is "probably carcinogenic to humans," based on links seen primarily for colorectal cancer, but also for pancreatic and prostate cancer.

The 2017 report of the World Cancer Research Fund and the American Cancer Research Institute later found that processed meat and red meat, among several other risk factors, were the causes of colorectal cancer.

Consumption of these meats seems to have Economic consequences: A 2018 study shows that $ 285 billion of global health spending in 2020 and 2.4 million deaths may be due to red and processed consumption meat. Taxing these products would result in 222,000 fewer deaths and a $ 41 billion reduction in healthcare spending.

"The findings from this study can provide information on public health policy priorities to improve nutrition and reduce the severity of chronic diseases in the United States," Zhang said about the study. "Since fast food and fast food are key places to buy processed meat, future policies can put them as priority places for intervention to reduce the consumption of processed meat among the elderly in the United States."

Hormel's spokesperson

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making Spam says in a statement that the company has developed its portfolio to include products including guacamole, salsa and walnut oil. He highlighted the natural and organic brand Hormel, Applegate, and the oil kernel brand, Justin's.

"We know that consumers want to know what's in their food, and we've taken that to heart by focusing on minimal processing in all our food products to ensure only food safety and product quality, said Rick Williamson's spokeswoman. He added that Spam Classic has only six ingredients.

The North American Meat Institute (NAMI), a Washington-based trade association, challenged the findings of the IARC and red meat in 2015. a response to the latest study, the group reported on Friday that consumers "look at the total amount of evidence of meat consumption, which is clear that meat is a nutritious part of a healthy balanced diet." "Until we have seen the full study, meat such as bacon, hot dog, sausage and meat catheters are high nutritional foods that can offer high-quality protein, vitamin B12 and many other vitamins and minerals beneficial to health. "KatieRose McCullough, director of NAMI's Regulatory and Scientific Affairs, told MarketWatch in a statement.

"The new study does not change these facts, and Americans need to feel confident that they use them in the quantities that are consumed at the moment."


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