The artist's illustration shows how different an ancient "short face" of a kangaroo called Simosthenurus occidentalis looked, as opposed to modern kangaroos. His skull is more like a koala.
An illustration of the artist of the Cryodracon Boreas, one of the largest flying animals ever to have lived during the Cretaceous period. Although the researchers do not know the color of the cryodracon's plumage, the colors shown here honor Canada where the fossil was discovered.
Graphic thermal representation of T. rex with a dorsotemporal fenestra illuminated on the skull.
A complete skull belonging to an early human great-grandfather was restored in Ethiopia. A composite of the 3.8 million-year-old skull of the Australopithecus anamnesis can be seen here, along with facial reconstruction.
The remains inside the tomb of IIIN1
In Morocco, fossils of vertebrae of an undiscovered stegosaurus have been discovered. Researchers say they represent the oldest found stegosaurus.
The La Chapelle-Ox-Sains Neanderthal skull shows signs of external auditory exostoses, known as surfactant ear growths, in the left canal.
The Finch Habera Rock Shelter in the Ethiopian White Mountains served as the residence of prehistoric hunter-gatherers.
The largest parrot in the world, Herakles Nectectus, lived 19 million years ago in New Zealand. He was over 3 feet tall and weighed more than 15 pounds.
Saber-toothed cats, horrible wolves and coyotes had different hunting patterns, according to a new study of predator fossils found in the pits of La Brea Tar.
Researchers have discovered 83 glass beads in fossil mussels from a quarry in Florida. The tests suggest that they are evidence of one or more undocumented meteoric impacts in Florida's distant past.
This primitive dinosaur had a wide jaw in the shape of a W and a dense bone ridge resembling a dorsal nose.
Illustration of a microraptor that engulfs a lizard unit during the Cretaceous period. The well-preserved fossils of the microraptor and lizard have been discovered, leading to the discovery that the lizard is a species unknown so far.
The back of a skull found in a Greek cave is dated 210,000 years ago. Known as Apidima 1, on the right, researchers were able to scan it and recreate it (in the middle and left). The rounded shape of Apidima 1 is a unique feature of modern humans and contrasts sharply with Neanderthals and their ancestors.
A 33,000-year-old human skull shows evidence of being hit by a club-like object. There is a large suppressed fracture on the right side of the man's head.
The recently discovered fossilized femur of an ancient giant bird has revealed that it weighs almost the size of an adult polar bear and can reach 11½ feet tall. He lived 1.5 million and 2 million years ago.
This jaw bone belonged to a Neanderthal girl who lived 120,000 years ago. It was discovered at Scladina Cave in Belgium.
This is an illustration of an artist for the newly discovered dinosaur species Fostoria dhimbangunmal.
Radiocarbon dating reveals that this Iron Age wooden shield was made between 395 and 255 BC
The incredibly well-preserved 3 million-year-old fossil of a field mouse found in Germany, which is less than 3 inches long, they have found a red pigment in their coat.
A mass grave, dated 5,000 years ago in Poland, contains 15 people who are from the same extended family.
This is the impression of the artist from Ambopteryx longibrachium, one of only two dinosaurs known to have membranous wings. Dinosaur fossil remains found in Liaoning, Northeast China, in 2017.
Reconstruction of a small Tyranosauroid Suskityrannus hazelae from the Late Cretaceous.
Researchers have been studying archeopteryx fossils for 150 years, but new X-ray data reveal that a bird-like dinosaur may have been an "active fly".
Denizovan's jaw of 160,000 years, discovered in a cave on the Tibetan Plateau, is the first evidence of the presence of this ancient human group outside the Denisov Cave in Siberia.
Illustration by the artist of Simbakubwa kutokaafrika, a giant carnivorous animal that lived 23 million years ago. He is known for the fossils of most of his jaw, parts of his skull and parts of his skeleton. It was a hyaenodont, an already extinct group of carnivorous mammals that was larger than a modern polar bear.
Right upper teeth of the newly discovered species Homo luzonensis. The teeth are smaller and simpler than those of other Homo species.
The Scottie Rising and Fighting Battle is the world's largest Tyrannosaurus Rex and the largest dinosaur skeleton ever discovered in Canada.
Researchers have discovered unknown species at the site of fossil Qingjiang on the bank of the Danshui River, near it with the Qingjiang River intersection in Hubei Province, China.
During a study of the ancient Iberian population, the remains of a man and a woman buried together in a Spanish site from the Bronze Age, called Castillejo de Bonete, showed that the woman is local and the newest ancestors of man came from central Europe.
The walls of Durrington are a late Neolithic site in Wiltshire. The pork bones restored to the site revealed that people and cattle travel hundreds of miles to feast and celebrate.
Impressions of the artist from a herd of Galleonosaurus dorisae on a river bank in the Australian-Antarctic Shelf Valley during the Early Cretaceous, 125 million years ago,
The remains of 137 children and 200 llamas were discovered in Peru in an area that was once part of the Chimu state culture that was at the height of power in the 15th century. The children and llamas may have been killed by floods.
The tooth of an extinct giant underground strip that lived in Belize 27,000 years ago revealed that the area was dry, not the jungle as it is today.
An illustration of the artist on what the little tyrannosaur Moros intrepidus would look like 96 million years ago. These small predators would eventually become Tyrannosaurus rex.
Examples of tools made from monkey bones and teeth, recovered from the Late Pleistocene strata at the Fa-Hien Lena Cave in Sri Lanka, show that early humans used sophisticated techniques for catching monkeys and squirrels.  Imprints thought to belong to the Neanderthals were found in the sand dune of the Gulf of Catalunya.
Two of the fossil specimens found in Korea have reflective eyes, a feature still visible in the light.
Illustration by artist of Mnyamawamtuka moyowamkia, a Middle Cretan long-necked titanosaur recently discovered in Tanzania. His back vertebra has a unique heart shape that contributed to his name. In Swahili, the name translates as "Mtuka animal with a heart-shaped tail."
The oldest mobility certificate is 2.1 billion years old and was found in Gabon. The black tubes found in the black slate are filled with pyrite crystals generated by the transformation of biological tissue from bacteria found in layers of clay minerals.
Recently, researchers have explored climate change in Greenland, as happened during the Vikings. Using nuclear sludge from the kernel, they found that it was actually warmer than previously thought. They have studied at several sites, including a reproduction of the 21st Century Tihold Church in the estate of Eric Red, known as Bratachlir, now Kasiarsuk, Greenland.
This is an illustration of an artist from Antarctica, 250 million years ago. The newly discovered fossil of a dinosaur relative, Antarctanax shackletoni, has revealed that reptiles live among the diverse wildlife in Antarctica after the mass extinction.
Bone points and punctured teeth found in the Denisova Cave are dated to the Early Upper Paleolithic. A new study establishes the timeline of the cave and shelters the first known people 300,000 years ago.
In this illustration of the artist is seen a marine reptile, like a platypus, hunting in the evening. This duck animal was the first reptile to have unusually small eyes that most likely required him to use other senses, such as the tactile sensation of his duck to hunt prey.
Although difficult to spot, researchers found patches of lapis lazuli pigment, called ultramarine, in the plaque of the mandible of a medieval woman.
Neanderthal fossil, left and modern human skeleton. Neanderthals are generally thought to show a higher incidence of trauma compared to modern humans, but new research reveals that head trauma has been consistent for both.
The oldest figurative work of art in Borneo dates back 40,000 years, when humans were living on what is now known as the third largest island on Earth.
The Neanderthal 250,000-year-old infant's tooth contains an unprecedented record of seasons of birth, breastfeeding, disease and lead exposure during the first three years of his life.
The artist's illustration shows giant night elephants feeding in the ancient forests of Madagascar at night. A new study suggests that the birds that were already missing were nocturnal and blind.
Kebara 2 is the most complete Neanderthal fossil discovered so far. It was discovered in the Kebara Cave in Israel, where other remains of the Neanderthal were found.
The oldest intact shipwreck in the world was discovered by a research team in the Black Sea. It is a Greek merchant ship, which dates from 400 BC. The vessel has been studied and digitally mapped by two remote submarines.
This fossil is a new Jurassic-like piranha fish with sharp, pointed teeth. He probably fed on the fins of other fish.
The fossil skull of a young diplodocus known as Andrew, held by Carrie Woodruff, director of paleontology at the Great Plains Dinosaur Museum.
Two small bones from the Ciemna Cave in Poland are the oldest human remains found. in the country. The bone condition also suggests that the child was eaten by a large bird.
This artist's illustration shows the recently discovered dinosaur species Ledumahadi mafube fodder in the early Jurassic of South Africa. In the foreground can be seen a heterodontosaurus, another South African dinosaur.
A 73,000-year-old red cross pattern is drawn on silicrite flakes that form when sand and gravel are cemented together and discovered in a cave in South Africa.
A package of Middle Neolithic ceramics, incorporating typical danil vessels, figurines, and kicks used to retain meat, milk, cheese, and yogurt.
These four dinosaurs show the evolution of alvaresauri. Left Haplocheirus, Xiyunykus, Bannykus and Shuvuuia reveal jaw extensions, reduction of teeth and changes in arm and arm.
Eorhynchochelys sinensis is an early turtle living 228 million years ago. It had a toothless beak but no shell.
The bones of the legs of a 7-year-old, recovered from an ancient Roman cemetery, show bending and deformities associated with rickets.
The famous Easter Island statues, called moai, were originally full-body figures that were partially covered over time. They are important ancestors of Rapa Nui and have been carved since the island was created 900 years ago.
Researchers stand at the site of the Aubrey Dup 7 excavations where cremated human remains were found in Stonehenge. New research shows that 40% of the 25 individuals buried in Stonehenge were not there – but they probably transported stones from west Wales and helped to build them.
The fossil of the newly discovered armored dinosaur Akainacephalus johnsoni was found in southern Utah.
The leg is a part of a partial skeleton of a 3.32 million year old skeleton of an Australopithecus apharma kid named Selam.
The impact of asteroids, which led to the extinction of dinosaurs, also destroyed global forests, according to a new study. This illustration shows one of the few terrestrial birds surviving from the toxic environment and mass extinction.
Remains of a severed rhino help researchers reach when the early humans reached the Philippines. They found a 75% complete skeleton of a rhinoceros that was clearly scattered, with 13 of its bones showing severed tracks and areas where bone had been struck to free the brain, at the Kalinga archaeological site on Luzon Island.
This is simply one of 26 individuals found at the site of a fifth-century massacre on the Swedish island of Holland. This young man was found lying on his side, suggesting a slower death. Other skeletons found in the homes and streets of the Sandby borg reef are showing signs of sudden death from head injuries.
The skeleton of a young woman and her fetus were found in a brick casket dating to medieval Italy. Her skull shows an example of neurosurgery, and her child was extruded after death in a rare "birth of an ark."
This part of a whale skull was found on the construction site of Calaveras Dam in California, along with at least 19 others. Some of the pieces are 3 feet long.
The skull of a Stone Age cow shows trepanation, a hole in the skull created by humans as a surgical intervention or experiment.
On the left is the fossilized skull of our homin progenitor Homo heidelbergensis, who lived 200,000 to 600,000 years ago. On the right is a modern human skull. Homins have pronounced eyebrow combs, but modern humans develop mobile eyebrows as their face shape becomes smaller.
To the left is a 13,000-year-old footprint found in the sediment on Calvert Island, off the Canadian Pacific coast. On the right is a digitally enhanced image that shows the details of the print.
A central platform at Star Carr in North Yorkshire, England, was excavated by a research team studying the past events of climate change at a Middle Stone Age site. The Star Carr site is home to the oldest evidence of carpentry in Europe and structures in the UK.
This wall of paintings is in the La Pasiega Cave in Spain. The shape of the ladder of the red horizontal and vertical lines is more than 64,000 years old and is made by Neanderthals.
These perforated shells were found in the Spanish marine cave of Cueva de los Aviones and date back to between 115,000 and 120,000 years ago. Researchers believe they have served as a body decoration for Neanderthals.
The earliest modern human fossil discovered outside Africa was recovered in Israel. This suggests that modern people have left Africa at least 50,000 years earlier than previously thought. The upper jaw bone, including several teeth, has been restored to a prehistoric cave site.
This is an excavated structure at the northern edge of the Grand Plaza at Teposkolula-Yukunda in Oaxaca, Mexico. Researchers investigate a cemetery "pestilence" related to the devastating epidemic of 1545-1550.
Standing about 4 feet tall, the early human progenitor Paranthropus boisei had a small brain and a broad, dish-like face. It is best known for having large teeth and healthy chewing muscles.