LANSING, Mich. – The Michigan Bureau of Laboratories, Department of Health and Human Services, has confirmed another case of Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) on human Friday.
Eight cases of mosquito-borne illness have been confirmed in people living in Bari, Berrien, Calhoun, Cas, Kalamazoo and Van Buren counties.
Three people were killed.
"The increasing geographical spread and the increasing incidence of EEE in humans and animals indicate that the risk of EEE is continuing," says Dr. Joey Haldun, Chief Medical Officer and Chief Deputy Health Officer. "We continue to urge Michiganders to protect themselves from mosquito bites until the first high frost."
Tips for Preventing Mosquito Bites by the County Health Department:
- Use the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) registered against insects. All insect repellents registered for EPA have been evaluated for safety and effectiveness and will contain DEET, picaridin, IR3535, lemon eucalyptus oil or para-menthan-diol as the active ingredient. Repellents containing a higher percentage of the active ingredient usually provide longer lasting protection. Always follow the instructions on the product label.
- Use care when using repellent on children's hands as this may irritate the eyes and mouth.
- Wear protective clothing, such as long sleeves shirts and pants.
- Limit outdoor activity from dusk to dawn when mosquitoes are most active.
- Maintain windows and doors screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
- Empty water from mosquito breeding areas around the home, such as buckets, unused pools for children, old tires, or similar places where mosquitoes can lay eggs.
- Use nets and / or fans for outdoor eating mosquitoes in the practice areas and playing fields of West Bloomfield High School The school district has contracted with Mosquito Joe to apply this preventative treatment on Friday, September 20th.
According to the district, the factors contributing to this decision include the following:
- Elementary rest is made during the day when the risk is lowest.
- Almost all practices are conducted immediately after school during the bright part of the day.
- Many outdoor athletic competitions take place on hard surfaces or on artificial grass fields, a factor known to prevent mosquito breeding and thus reduce the risk of contact.
The danger of EEE
According to health officials, EEE is one of the most dangerous mosquito-borne diseases in the United States, with 33 percent mortality in people who become ill. People can be infected with EEE by the mosquito bite that carries viruses. People under the age of 1
READ MORE: Michigan reports 3 EEE-related deaths at worst since more than a decade
Signs of EEE include sudden onset of fever, chills, body aches and joints that can progress to severe encephalitis, leading to headache, disorientation, tremor, seizures and paralysis. Permanent brain damage, coma and death can also occur in some cases.
Anyone experiencing these symptoms should visit their doctor's office.
Cases of horses, deer
According to the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, in addition to human cases, nine cases of EEE in horses were confirmed in Bari, Kalamazoo, Lapere, and others on September 16. St. Joseph's County. None of the horses were vaccinated against EEE and all animals died, the health department said. There is an EEE vaccine for horses but not humans.
In addition, five deer in the counties of Barry, Cas, Genesis, Kalamazoo and Van Buren were confirmed with EEE infection and were euthanized due to the severity of their disease symptoms.
About the West Nile virus
The West Nile virus is a mosquito-borne virus. Mosquitoes are infected by the virus through the bite of an infected bird. The virus then spreads to humans by biting the infected mosquito. Most people who are infected with the virus either have no symptoms or experience a mild illness such as fever, headache and body aches. However, some individuals may develop more serious disease-causing inflammation and swelling of the brain.
People over the age of 50 are more likely to develop serious and potentially life-threatening symptoms of West Nile virus if they become ill.
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