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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ World https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ As the Amazon fires rage, members of this indigenous community are preparing to change their world

As the Amazon fires rage, members of this indigenous community are preparing to change their world



There are no epic cargo planes with tons of water or helicopter drops for this small group of firefighters. Just shovels, sweat, a turbocharger to blow the leaves to burn the fire, and long, uneven, agonizing drives in aging jeeps and ATVs through dust and ash.

The challenge is equal to the global share. Much of the Amazon is a canopy, but parts of it – like the Campos of Amazonos National Park – are also savannas where fires are ignited by high winds. Fire walks, confident and all-consuming, through vast pastures.

A small strip of several dozen firefighters – based in a two-story house three hours away from the nearest village – spans a huge area through which green has turned to ash at an alarming rate for the past four days.

Firefighters have useful but troubling neighbors, Tengarim's indigenous population. Technique has been calling this area "Mother" for centuries, but they fear a raging inferno this year, and the rampant deforestation around the Amazon may soon leave them orphaned.

This is the land in which they live and identify. But Marcio Tengarim, the president of their association, watches the flames exhausted, knowing his delicate world is changing. "The next generation will have a darker future," he said. "Ever since this president came to power, these things have been happening a lot more."

He is referring to President Javier Bolsonaro, criticized worldwide for his exploitative approach to the Amazon and his mixed response to the fires raging this year. Tenharims say the fires in their area ̵
1; 900,000 hectares, which they say thousands of people legally own – are increasing annually. According to them, they were 93 last year, which is one third compared to the year before. They just don't know how hard they were hit this year.

Tenharim's root cap glows in the orange feather, appearing somewhat reconciled and empty, in the wall of the flame. "It is sad to see what we have preserved," he said.

"Four days of fires on reserved land where you can breathe fresh, clean air. And now we are breathing smoke."

  Marcio Tengarim, President of the Association of the Teharim People's Associations [19659010] Marcio Tengarim, President of the Association of the Teharima People's Associations

the fire brigade, from the pool of 23. At the center of their world is a collection of huts where modern and unusually strong pop music often blazes. This place is excluded from the lively businessmen in the capitals of Brazil who would happily invest in the forest. Yet the outside world has long wanted a piece of their paradise.

Their land was divided into Highway 230, the Trans-Amazon, built by the military in 1972.

Then it brought disease, they said, and provoked intense protest. It is now dusty and huge trucks are splashing past cattle and dumped logs. The highway lined with signs of how quickly the outside world is taking the Amazon out of its riches. Deforestation to help cultivate soybeans, feed China and create pastures for grazing. The global appetite for beef is stepping up the pace of destruction at the rate of half a football field per minute, according to the Brazilian National Institute for Space Research.

One lasting question is how fires start. Most police officers, officials, investigators, and firefighters, CNN spoke for more than a week, admitting that a large number of people were willing to clear the land and then exploit it. President Bolsonaro suggested that some of the 85% increase in wildfires across Brazil this year may be natural, although some experts have challenged the idea, saying many are man-made.

Yet, in flat and dry savannas, natural fires occur more frequently, sometimes because of lightning, said Daniel Botini-Alves, a tropical savanna forest fires researcher at São Paulo State University.

"The fires in the local forests are mostly of human origin and that is where the biggest fires are," he added, "For five or six months, we have seen an increase in deforestation and the fires are the result." He added that later in the year, when the dry season is over, more fires may occur when fires are lit to clear the pasture and grow again during the rainy season.

But Marcio Tengarim remains hopeful, because without it there is only ash. Asked about the chances of his children there, he said: "They will probably have time and this is not the end. It won't be like before. "


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