قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Science https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Astronaut Michael Collins at the "cathedral" of Apollo 11

Astronaut Michael Collins at the "cathedral" of Apollo 11

Collins recently sat down with Gupta to talk about his memories of the mission of Apollo 11 as his 50th anniversary.

Collins came from a military family. His father and brother were army generals, and his uncle was the army chief. Instead, he decides to "get out" from the US Air Force. In 1961, Collins was a student at the pilots' pilot school at the Edwards Air Force Base in California. That same year President John Kennedy said the United States would put a person on the moon by the end of the decade and return it safely to Earth, recalls Collins. Collins and about 80% of his peers are gung-ho, he remembers. NASA and the idea of ​​the Mercury and Gemini programs created for the Apollo program were appealing and the space program seemed like a promotion. The other 20% would prefer to fly and test new airplanes, instead of being "locked in and shot as a munitions circle," Collins said. Flight school at the age of 22. He "missed" the first time he applied for the space program. He says he has 1

5 or 20 reasons why he may have fallen, but he likes to tell the story of Rorschach's notorious Rorschah's inconvenience during his psychiatric review.

  Art and Space: Searching for Never Ending '

"I read a whole series of them, and then the last one was a clean sheet of pure white paper, 8 in 10," he said. "Here's what you see," I say, "Well, of course, there are eleven polar bears who are bullying "I saw the examiner's eyes seemed to narrow down He did not think it was funny but he did not like people to illuminate his set of cards I saw my mother and my father and my dad was a little bigger and more authoritarian, but not too much more than my mother, and I passed. "

Collins was selected as part of the third class of astronauts June 1963. His first mission was the second of them – Apollo 11.

Six years between 1963 and 1969 passed. Collins and his colleagues, astronauts, worked hard, early and ignoring the weekend breaks. They rarely saw their families flying from shore to shore, visiting facilities where parts of the spacecraft were being produced.

  Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins laughs at Trump's knowledge of Mars. and spent countless hours in simulators who copied their missions to defeat every possible error. </p>
<p>  Physical fitness was not one of NASA's requirements, Collins said. Astronauts had an initial in-depth exam before being admitted to the program, testing their senses and abilities. But then, physical conditioning was dependent on the individual. "We had an annual medical examination that we had to pass, and that was a very rigorous review, they would appoint two flight surgeons to one of us, and one would look into that ear and one would look in that ear. "That was the physical review NASA offered us, and they required us to do whatever we felt we had to do about our own conditioning." [19659002] At that time, one of the requirements to become an astronaut was diplomatic The pilot pilots are accustomed to psychological stress and physical danger, so Collins thinks that NASA is more focused on other aspects. "The agency's priority was to make sure that astronauts would be able to operate a sophisticated machine that will first move a quarter mile from Earth Apollo 11 </h3>
<p>  Collins learned that you would join Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong on Apollo 11 during a call from Deke Slayton , whose summary includes a pilot from the Second World War, a pilot-test, one of the original Mercury Seven and NASA's first boss <strong> </strong>  at the Astronautics office and director of Flight Crew Operations. [19659903] The moon of the Earth shrinks and shakes, according to a study ” data-src-mini=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190513135251-moon-fault-lines-apollo-missions-small-169.jpg” data-src-xsmall=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190513135251-moon-fault-lines-apollo-missions-medium-plus-169.jpg” data-src-small=”http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190513135251-moon-fault-lines-apollo-missions-large-169.jpg” data-src-medium=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190513135251-moon-fault-lines-apollo-missions-exlarge-169.jpg” data-src-large=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190513135251-moon-fault-lines-apollo-missions-super-169.jpg” data-src-full16x9=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190513135251-moon-fault-lines-apollo-missions-full-169.jpg” data-src-mini1x1=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190513135251-moon-fault-lines-apollo-missions-small-11.jpg” data-demand-load=”not-loaded” data-eq-pts=”mini: 0,  xsmall: 221,  small: 308,  medium: 461,  large:  781″ src=”data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhEAAJAJEAAAAAAP///////wAAACH5BAEAAAIALAAAAAAQAAkAAAIKlI+py+0Po5yUFQA7″/><noscript><img alt=

He puts the crews together and is "some of those who are not behind them – the heroes of the scenes, "said Collins." He was a wonderful, wonderful boss. "

Slaton called Collins and asked," Hey, do you still want to do that? "

" Absolutely, "Collins replied. Better to believe! "Kennedy's desire rose to Collins' head, and then he felt the astronauts weighing the world

. flyers of space flight dangers with their wife, Pat.

  How NASA's Space Missions Changed Photography Stories

The men knew that the odds of failing somewhere along the line were relatively high, but they were optimistic about survival, Collins said.

Then the mission unfolded in a series of imperative events.

"I compare it to a chain of daisies with a long and very fragile chain," Collins said. "He comes out of Cape Canaveral, then goes into space and around the moon and turns it back. And there are all those connections in it, and if one connection fails, well, everyone else downstream is useless. Eight days, from and to, there was always one thing, the next big event that could ruin you would be the end of you. It was so. "

  Intact moon samples from the Apollo missions will be examined. for the first time

While Aldrin and Armstrong separated from Colombia in the moon, the Eagle to land on the moon, Collins continued to walk the moon as Armstrong and Aldrin ended, he would meet and arrive with the Eagle after leaving the moon's surface. This maneuver was the one they had prepared most during the training on Earth. Collins had 8-to-10 notebooks with 18 scripts around his neck. Collins was often called the "lone man" after returning to Earth, but he did not feel that way – even when he lost contact with Mission Control during his flights to the other side of the moon. While Armstrong and Aldrin were engaged in landing, organizing experiments, and collecting samples from the moon's surface, Collins had to keep all subsystems working in Colombia alone.

"It was a happy home." "It somehow reminded me of almost as a church or a cathedral, it had the annexes, the three couches, and then you went down to where the altar was, and that was the navigation and navigation system. coffee I've had music I could play if I wanted to have people to talk to on the radio, sometimes too many people talking too much on the radio Being alone in a machine in the air somewhere was not unknown to me so everything worked well in Colombia, and I enjoyed it. "

When the three men gathered again after the jump, Collins wanted to celebrate with Aldrin and Armstrong, but they had a mission to aspire, the daisy chain would not be full until they landed safely on Earth

"I remember I would to catch Buzz by the shoulders and kiss him on the forehead, then I decided, "No, that's just wrong." So I do not know, I shook his hand or patted him or something. And Neil, I did not even bother to touch Neil when he came. That was it. We did not say "Oh, you landed on another

Although Collins was looking for a little cognac that he thought he had recovered, he never found it."

  Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins wake up in crowds on a parade celebrating their return from the Moon

"It's just amazing," recalls Collins. this story and wherever we went, he would choose the details that attracted the local population, and until he knew his little introductory speech, they saw that they were almost felt. "It was just an incredible feat and I think it's often overlooked in some way. "First man – he is not overlooked. and do not know about the First Person is that the First Man has been a great supporter of the virtues of the United States and spreading those throughout the world. "

Aldrin was also highly qualified, graduating from West Point, who was third in his 500 class. He was a pilot-fighter during the Korean War and then went to Massachusetts Institute of Technology, following a doctorate in orbital mechanics.

At that time, NASA was considering collecting two spaceships in space, as the most flexible part of the lunar profile, and that was the man who had a Ph.D., that's right, Collins said. very, very well qualified. "

But Collins joked, sometimes that's all Aldrin wanted to talk about.

"Now, we were trying sometimes not to sit at Buzz at a party because it worked 24 hours a day, with" now if you get the ellipse and its epicenter is incompatible with the other, and then of course that comes and the perigee is there "Collins will answer" Okay, Buzz, ok. "

The three men did not stay in touch then, mainly because Collins lived in Washington, Armstrong lived in Ohio and Aldrin was moving

  Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Edwin

Life after Apollo

A Pola 11 is the most prominent moment in Collins' life, and he may not have had the best place for Apollo 11, but he was pleased with the place he had, he said, feeling privileged to be there. it was a pity for those who could not be there – the pilots who died during the training, the astronauts Apollo 1 and his friend Charlie Basset who died in a plane crash. "" I was thinking, boy, it would be right there, at the top of the list of those who first get on the moon. That is why I am sorry for this aspect. "” data-src-mini=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170127175133-apollo-1-fire-crew-remembered-50-year-anniversary-tapper-dnt-lead-00003203-small-169.jpg” data-src-xsmall=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170127175133-apollo-1-fire-crew-remembered-50-year-anniversary-tapper-dnt-lead-00003203-medium-plus-169.jpg” data-src-small=”http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170127175133-apollo-1-fire-crew-remembered-50-year-anniversary-tapper-dnt-lead-00003203-large-169.jpg” data-src-medium=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170127175133-apollo-1-fire-crew-remembered-50-year-anniversary-tapper-dnt-lead-00003203-exlarge-169.jpg” data-src-large=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170127175133-apollo-1-fire-crew-remembered-50-year-anniversary-tapper-dnt-lead-00003203-super-169.jpg” data-src-full16x9=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170127175133-apollo-1-fire-crew-remembered-50-year-anniversary-tapper-dnt-lead-00003203-full-169.jpg” data-src-mini1x1=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170127175133-apollo-1-fire-crew-remembered-50-year-anniversary-tapper-dnt-lead-00003203-small-11.jpg” data-demand-load=”not-loaded” data-eq-pts=”mini: 0, xsmall: 221, small: 308, medium: 461, large: 781″ src=”data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhEAAJAJEAAAAAAP///////wAAACH5BAEAAAIALAAAAAAQAAkAAAIKlI+py+0Po5yUFQA7″/>

After his return, Collins withdrew from NASA and wanted to spend more time with his family." Pat and I took a completely different way of life, "I thought I did something in space and at the highest level," he said, "I spoke at a joint session of Congress, and Secretary of State Bill Rogers liked him, and he took part in President Nixon. So the next thing I know offered me a job as an assistant secretary of state, a little less than two years later one of which I was better prepared for, who was the director of the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum, and that was just the beginning I started with a vacation and a hole in the ground and then a building and so on. "

  Richard Branson : At the Dawn of the New Age of Space Research

Collins will be 89 years old in October. He started running away with astronaut Ed White during the Gemini program and spent 50 miles when he turned 50, finishing triathles along the way.

He still believes exercises are important and walks with walking poles due to balance problems caused by peripheral neuropathy, which can cause weakness and pain in the legs. He follows a simplified version of the Mediterranean diet and says to keep his mind. "2001: A Space Odyssey" is his favorite film, but he does not watch a lot of television or movies, nor does he deal with social media. And he looks at the life of 100.

If there's a question he's tired of listening to all these years, it's "what's up there?" This is part of the reason why he wrote his 1974 book "Wearing the Fire", which was reissued for Apollo's anniversary.

  On the left, Michael Collins, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were honored during the 40th anniversary of Apollo 11.

During the mission of Apollo, Kennedy's desire was in Collins' mind. He continues to think about this aspect of the mission 50 years later

"Apollo 11 is the culmination," he said. "We finally did what Kennedy had asked us to do, so I think that Neil and Buzz and I, all three, felt that this was the culmination of a long, successful series.

Seeing the moon closely, it's spectacular, but he reminds us that the view of the Earth continued to attract astronauts attention. [19659907] Astronaut has recorded a video on Earth time and is breathtaking ” data-src-mini=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190603085308-nasa-iss-flyover-small-169.jpg” data-src-xsmall=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190603085308-nasa-iss-flyover-medium-plus-169.jpg” data-src-small=”http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190603085308-nasa-iss-flyover-large-169.jpg” data-src-medium=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190603085308-nasa-iss-flyover-exlarge-169.jpg” data-src-large=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190603085308-nasa-iss-flyover-super-169.jpg” data-src-full16x9=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190603085308-nasa-iss-flyover-full-169.jpg” data-src-mini1x1=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190603085308-nasa-iss-flyover-small-11.jpg” data-demand-load=”not-loaded” data-eq-pts=”mini: 0, xsmall: 221, small: 308, medium: 461, large: 781″ src=”data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhEAAJAJEAAAAAAP///////wAAACH5BAEAAAIALAAAAAAQAAkAAAIKlI+py+0Po5yUFQA7″/>

"I said" Haston, I There is a window in the world, "Collins said. "And the world is the size of your miniature if you hold your hand in front of you. The whole focus of your attention goes to this little thing there. It is in a black void, making its colors even more impressive. Primarily, you get the blue of the oceans, the white of the clouds, you get a little strip of tan that we call continents, but they are not so noticeable. It just looks gorgeous. "

But Collins noticed something. unique to the perspective of our native planet. "Strange, but somehow looks fragile," he said. "You want to take care of him. You want to nourish her. You want to be good to her. The whole beauty was wonderful, it was small, it was our home, everything I knew but fragile, weird. 19659086] Samantha Bresshan from CNN and Amanda Seyla contributed to this report.

Source link