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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Science https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Astronomers find a rare kilometer object in the outer solar system

Astronomers find a rare kilometer object in the outer solar system



Conceptual art of newly discovered KBO. Scientists have discovered a small object in the Kaiper belt beyond Neptune, a kilometer-long world that can shed light on how the planets were formed in the early days of the Solar System.

The find, the first time a world less than ten kilometers away, is found in this part of the solar system, seems to require high-resolution telescopes such as the 10-meter Keck Observatory in Hawaii. However, they were actually spotted by two modest "amateur telescopes," according to a study published on Monday Nature Astronomy . "This is a real victory for small projects," said Co Arimatsu, an astronomer at Japan's National Astronomical Observatory, in a statement that Arimatsu manages the OASES project to open the new object of the belt of the Cape (KBO). "We did not even have enough money to build a second dome to protect our second telescope, yet we were able to make a discovery that is impossible for big projects."

The small size of the site and its remote location can help scientists learn how to form planets in the early solar system. Scientific research suggests that large planets are created after reaching a turning point that causes a "escaping growth" phase. worlds of a kilometer like this have never been integrated into larger worlds, and therefore offer a rare glance at virgin blocks of planets.

Read more: Scientists discover a new dwarf planet on the edge of our solar system

Aimatsu's team discovered the object using the light of distant stars to capture the silhouette of the small worlds in the Kuiper belt. It is sometimes called the Edward-Kupper belt, this area is 30 times farther from the Sun than the Earth and contains thousands of ice objects, including Pluto.

Astronomers use 1

1-inch telescopes from Celestron, worth about $ 3,000. such as specialized cameras and astrologers. They placed the telescopes on the roof of the school on the island of Miyako, Japan, located along the east coast of Taiwan. The telescopes watched 2000 stars for a cumulative 60-hour period. Arimatsu and his colleagues studied the observations of signs of eclipses, the term for light drops in stellar brightness caused by objects passing in front of the stars.

So discovered this little world with a radius of 1.3 kilometers, which is not yet mentioned. Pluto looks like a real giant compared to its 2400-kilometer diameter.

"Big occult studies, as well as OASES and other small projects by amateur astronomers and civilian scientists, will reveal the nature of small external solar systems

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