November marks National Diabetes Month, and more and more people are diagnosed with the disease at a glance, what symptoms to look out for and when to go [1
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is officially called adolescent diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes, according to the Mayo Clinic.
There is no type 1 cure and is usually diagnosed during childhood, but adults can also develop it and this happens when the pancreas makes little or no insulin, said the Mayo Clinic.
Insulin is a hormone that allows sugar or glucose to enter cells and produce energy for your body.
Type 1 is caused by genetics or exposure to viruses and other environmental factors.
There are numerous complications attributed to type 1 diabetes, including heart and blood vessel disease, nerve damage, kidney damage, eye damage, foot damage, skin and mouth conditions, and pregnancy complications, according to the Mayo.
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented.
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Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1, says the National Institutes of Health.
This happens when your blood sugar or blood glucose is too high.
But type 2 diabetes is preventable or the development of the disease can be delayed, the NIH said.
Everyone of any age can develop type 2 diabetes, but most of the time, middle-aged people with a family history of the disease are more at risk, according to the NIH.
It also affects overweight or obese people and is more common in people who are African American, Hispanic / Latin American, Native American, Asian American or Pacific Islander, NIH said.
If you are physically inactive, have other health problems, have prediabetes, or have had gestational diabetes during pregnancy, you are also at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
There is also a genetic component to type 2 diabetes , according to the NIH.
Experts at the NIH say there are several symptoms to watch out for, including:
- Increased thirst
- Increased urination
- Increased hunger
- Tired feeling
- Blurred vision
- Tingling or numbness in the legs or arms
- Wounds that do not heal
- Indescribable weight loss
 The American Diabetes Association has a test you can do to see if you are at risk of developing diabetes.
Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes
There are ways you can prevent the onset of diabetes. First, lose weight. Set a goal of losing 5 to 7 percent of your current weight, NIH suggests. Second, take 30 minutes of physical activity at least five days a week. But first, talk to your doctor if you are not active. Finally, follow your diet. Eat smaller portions and reduce your daily calorie intake. Eat less fat and drink water instead of sugary drinks, NIH suggests.
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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also recognizes some lifestyle change programs to prevent diabetes. To find a personal or online program, click here.
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