Former Senator Birch Baych, author of two major constitutional amendments, and legislation that dramatically improved women's rights in classrooms and sports fields, died on March 14 at his home in Easton, MD. He is 91.
The reason for this is pneumonia, according to a statement from his family. In three terms on the Capitol Hill, Liberal Democrat from Conservative Indiana has become one of the most productive legislators of its age and the biggest political adversaries, especially in the clashes of US Supreme Court candidates. from the Nixon administration.
By accident, he returned to the Senate Judiciary Committee, although he was only three years old from the law faculty and had more experience as a farmer than a lawyer.
Then the shed was hit twice. The chair of the constitutional amendment subcommittee died and nobody wanted what appeared to be a ticket of uncertainty. Mr. Bayh voluntarily. The murder of John Kennedy three months later, in November 1963, dramatically increased his status.
The joining of Lyndon B. Johnson to the presidency was a striking reminder of a flaw in the inheritance process. There was no way to replace Johnson as a vice president, and he had a history of heart disease. The two officials identified as First and Second Successor Status – the President of the Parliament and the President of the Senate – were elderly and frail.
The Subcommittee became the winner of prominence. President Bai jumped aboard, becoming the lead author and defender of the 25th Amendment. Ratified in 1967 after a long contradiction, the amendment established clear procedures for appointing a Vice President if a vacancy occurred. It also sets rules for replacing the president if the current president becomes seriously disabled.
"The constitutional gap that existed for two centuries has been filled," said Mr Bajch
During the Watergate crisis, President Richard M. Nixon used the 25th Amendment from 1973 to to name the Minority Leader at Home Gerald Ford (R-Mich.), Vice President. Ford inherited Spiro T. Agnew, who reluctantly resigned after a federal investigation of bribery and blackmail charges unrelated to Watergate. When Nixon resigned next year, Ford chose Nelson Rockefeller as vice president. Birch Bayh in 1973 (Margaret Thomas / The Washington Post)
Bai also wrote the 26th Amendment adopted in 1971, which sets the national age for voting at 18 years. He decides a World War II issue when the slogan "old enough to fight, too young to vote" has acquired a currency. and Title IX
Then Mr Bey co-authored what would be the 27th Amendment, the Equal Rights Amendment, which prescribes equal treatment for women in all areas. Congress approved it in 1972. Considering that the measure could sink due to the opposition in the state legislatures – after all, Mr Bey produces Title IX of the Education Act of 1972. He bans gender discrimination in schools receiving federal support
Title IX provoked contradictions for decades, especially the requirement for schools to allocate equal resources to male and female athletes. Soccer coach Notre Dame Edward W. "Muse" Cruise, an Indiana icon, warned Mr. Bai: "This thing will kill football."
Forty years after the entry into force of Title IX, when Mr Bajch was honored by female professional basketball players, he recalled the argument he made in the 1970s: "In a country that boasts equality , we could not continue to deny 53% of the equal rights of the American people. " in classrooms and laboratories. In an interview, Donna Shalala, Bill Clinton's secretary for health and human services, and now a US Congressman from Florida, said: "Title IX is the change in the game. It creates opportunities for female students, lecturers, administrators. Without him you will not see so many women who study law and medicine – or serve as university presidents. "
Feminism, Bai admitted, is a taste he has acquired with the help of his first wife and political partner, Marvella Hern Bayh. "From time to time," he remembers in 2004, "she will remind me what it is like to be a woman in the male world. Without her I would not have a leading role in women's affairs
Birch Evans Bai Jr. was born on January 22, 1928 in Tere, precursors have grown up generations. Birch Senior is an athletic director who in 1935 moved his family to Montgomery County, MD, when he became director of physical education for the DC public school system.
The son is 12 when his mother dies, and he moves to the farm of his grandparents. He grows tomatoes that earn state band and enroll in the agricultural program at Purdue University in West Lafayette, India. After two years of military service, he graduated in 1951 with a varied summary.
His senior classmates elected him president. It features boxing and baseball. Strong debate, he represents Indiana at the US National Agricultural Bureau National Competition in Chicago.
The Oklahoma Gladiator, though only a freshman in Oklahoma State, was Marvella Hern. The encounter with love at first glance did not distract her. She left with the national prize, as well as a pin for fraternity.
They married in 1952 and the newlyweds ruled his family's farm. But he was restless and in 1954 he won a seat in the House of Representatives of Indiana. The politics was so alien to his family, he joked, "my father started thinking about where I got confused as a parent?"
Other Democrats did not have such remorse. Soon, the clear representative of rural areas became the leader of the minority and then a spokesman. While still in charge of farm and legislative duties, he joined the Law School of Indiana University. He graduated in 1960, joins a law firm in Terra Haute in 1961 and rents the farm
He has just begun his new profession when Bayhs hatch bigger ambition: Sentence challenge Homer E. Capehart Conservative Republican, seeking a fourth term. The target looked spectacular. Indiana voted with a huge majority for Nixon in 1960, while Cape Town is popular. "I prefer to shake rather than eat," he liked to say. In one of the debates, the contender shook the current one, who advocated a military reaction by the Communist Cuba, accusing him of being a "proponent". Cape Town grabbed Mr. Bai for the lapel and exclaimed, "Do not try to get out!"
The reporters divided them before the blows. Mr. Bayh won a margin of less than 1%. Time magazine said Capehart was lost because "his image is that of a conservative who has just escaped from a cave." The electoral senator said the voters "were impressed by a man who worked there."
Diligence remains a distinguishing mark of Baix. He has been active in drafting civil rights laws during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, although such legislation is unpopular in Indiana.
A delayed vote on a civil rights measure in 1964 almost killed him. The Bashis accompanied Senator Edward M. Kennedy at a Democratic event in Massachusetts, leaving hours later than planned. Their small aircraft crashed, landing in evening mist at a rural airport.
Two of the five on board died. Bayhs suffered relatively slight injuries, but Kennedy's back was broken. "Is anyone alive up there?" "Mr. Baix called out of the ground. "I'm alive," Kennedy said.
He was also immobile. Four months later, still in the hospital, Kennedy described to the reporters how he locked his arms around the savior's neck while Mr. Bajk, who moved back, pulled him out of the wreckage
Mr. Bayh's national profile grew in the late 1960s and early 1970s due to the big battles for two US Supreme Court nominees.
When President Nixon nominated Clement F. Heinsworth Jr., Chief Judge of the US Court of Appeal for the 4th Chain, as the seat of the High Court in 1969, a seemingly solid coalition of Republicans and South Democrats supported him. But trade union leaders and civil rights consider the conservative Hensworth to be an enemy
Mr. Bayh took the lead in uniting the opposition. With several allies, he filed a lawsuit against Hainsworth, partly by questioning his ethics. Heinsworth was involved in a lawsuit related to a company in which he owns shares. In the New York Times in 1970, journalist Robert Sheryl noted that "Bai is the master of the gentleman bolt."
The Senate rejected Hinesworth and in 1970, with Mr. Bay again in the avant-garde voted for another conservative. Judge at the Court of Appeal, G. Harrold Carswell. Nixon accused Bayach and others of exceeding Senate authority for "counseling and consent."
The President, Mr Bajch, was "wrong as a matter of constitutional law, wrong as a matter of history and wrong as a matter of
In the early 1970s, Mr Baih is befriending groups with an impact on democratic politics: labor, feminist, civil rights movement. Presidential ambition naturally followed and he joined the field that competed for the 1972 nomination before retiring after his wife got a diagnosis of breast cancer.
Marvella Bayh succumbed to cancer recurrence in 1979 Two years later Mr. Bayh married Katherine "Kitty" Halpin, news director for ABC News. Besides his wife, the survivors include a son of his first marriage, Evan Bay; son of his second marriage, Christopher Bay; and four grandchildren.
During Marvelle's relapses, the Bayes were disappointed that promising treatment was not available due to a dispute over intellectual property rights. Medical and other innovations, developed with the support of the government, have found that they have sometimes remained uncertain because of the procedures needed to establish ownership.
Working with Senator Robert J. introduced in 1978 and entered into force in 1980. He simplified practices, accelerating the availability of many scientific processes.
The Economist magazine called it "probably the most inspired legislation that has been in place in America over the last half century". This was his last legislative achievement. After his defeat in 1980, Mr. Bayh turned to the practice of the law, eventually establishing himself in a partnership at the Washington office of Venable LLP. He never recruited for office but stayed on a public stage. When the cases under Title IX reached the Supreme Court, he wrote letters to defend his most famous legislation.
In 2008, at the age of 80, he is conducting an Indian campaign for Barack Obama, sometimes making five appearances a day. He told a reporter from an Indianapolis star that his 1962 margin amounted to two voices in office. Hence his call to the supporters: "When it's over, and you're so tired, you can not make another phone call, you can not take another step, get only two more birch votes."
Obama Indiana in 2008 with less than 1%