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Black Hole Breakdown: The Most Dangerous Experiment in the World



2012 was a big year for black holes. Or rather, our understanding of them. First, Scientific American published a moderately horrifying document entitled "Black holes are everywhere," and then a team of researchers at Princeton University numerically resolved Einstein's hydrodynamic equations to determine that black holes are actually easier to create than before thought. Their discoveries showed that the formation of a black hole required significantly less energy than the proposed calculations. In the meantime, perhaps at least in part because of these revelations, concerns about the possibility of destroying the world – as unlikely as it may be – from a human-created collision of particles that open up an absorbing black hole remained ubiquitous in the larger conversation around atomic exploration.

The Princeton University Ultrarelativistic Black Hole Study, published in 201

3, developed new computer models that they used to show that black hole formation would actually require less than half the energy – 2 , 4 times less to be precise – than previous studies have determined. The study reports that the researchers found that "the threshold for black hole formation is lower (by a factor of several) than the usual predictions for the hoop hypothesis and, in addition, near this threshold, two different apparent horizons first form a post-collision and then merge. "

 Black Hole "title =" Black Hole "data-larger =" true "/> </p>
<p>  (Click to enlarge) </p>
<p>  Credit: WE East and F. Pretorius, Physics Rev. Lett. (2013 ) </p>
<p>  As explained by a report by Phys.org, "Researchers know that it is theoretically possible to create black holes because of Einstein's theory of relativity – especially the part describing the relationship between energy and mass – increasing the velocity of particles causes and its mass to increase. "This prompted the Princeton researchers to form a computer model based on ori Einstein's ginal hydrodynamic equations. The model "provides a virtual window for viewing what happens when two particles collide – they focus their energy on each other and together they create a combined mass that pushes gravity to its limit and, as a result, creates a very small black hole. the result was expected – surprisingly, the team found that their model showed that such a collision and result would require 2.4 times less energy than previously estimated to produce such a small black hole. "[19659002] And our galaxy is positive oh chock-full of them.This is not only the famous supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way, but also many smaller black holes.Scientific American "Black holes are everywhere" tells readers that "most of the holes in our galaxy there are probably 4 or 5 solar masses and they are small, with horizons in the radius of about 12 km. But there must be tens of thousands of them, the inevitable remnants of the short life of huge stars. "<span style= Related: Oil Struggles on the Rare Market optimism

This news feeds fears that "Crazy scientists, and Space Shuttle Experiments "flew a little too close to the sun (so to speak), conducting experiments in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the European Nuclear Research Organization (LHC) with the potential to open microscopic black holes with potentially catastrophic consequences. These concerns came before the LHC – an underground accelerator that forms a 5-mile diameter ring near Geneva, Switzerland – was once turned on. A 2008 NASA report entitled "The Day the World Ends" tells readers that introducing the accelerator online "did not cause the creation of a microscopic black hole. And this black hole did not quickly suck up the surrounding matter faster and faster, until it engulfed the Earth, as sensationalist news reported that it could. "

The fear of these larger-than-life experiments was so powerful and widespread that CERN has a full page on its website about the frequently asked question," Will CERN create a black hole? "And even Princeton scientists they referred to it in their academic report, noting that even with the new calculations, finding that black holes require much less energy to open than was thought, opening a black hole large enough to collapse the earth, will still require billions of times more energy than Moreover, even when a black hole opens in the collar, the LHC will disappear just as quickly thanks to an effect called Hawking radiation.

(Click to enlarge)

Source: https://science.nasa.gov/

While fears about the potential to induce Armageddon from these microscopic black holes may have been exaggerated, the fact is, however, that the particle may open these small black holes, then it was and remains the absolute truth. Even the CERN FAQ acknowledges that "LHC will not generate black holes in the cosmological sense. However, some theories suggest that the formation of small "quantum" black holes is possible. "Of course, the site continues to reassure concerned readers that" watching such an event would be exciting in terms of our understanding of the universe. ; and would be completely safe. " Related: Iranian $ 280 billion Sanctions Fraud Scheme

However, there are still some scientists who think we are right to worry about these border-tracing experiments of physics. Just last year, respected (not to speak of knightly) British scholar Sir Martin Reece published a warning about the serious take on fears about the LHC in his book "About the Future." could unleash pieces of "strange matter" that shrink the Earth into a 300-foot-long ball. In another [scenario]experiments could create a microscopic black hole that would inexorably tear our planet from the inside. in the most extreme scenario that Rees describes, a physical accident could cause the space to collapse into a new shape that erases everything from here to the farthest star. "Rees himself acknowledges that these scenarios are extremely unlikely, but in the author's own words," given the Stakes, they should not be ignored. "

And now that the Event Horizon telescope has successfully captured the first ever black hole image, scientists are dreaming of more radical and future experiments. Hopefully, as scientists continue to fight against the limitations of human knowledge and abilities, the titles continue to read "The Day the World Ends." Or that we still have titles at all.

By Haley Zaremba for Oilprice.com

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