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Bolivian President Evo Morales Resigns: Democratic People's Will or Coup?



A prolonged period without a legal head of state, some fear, may deepen the violence and delay attempts to hold new elections.

All four officials in the constitutional order of succession – the President, the Vice President and the executives. the Senate and the House of Deputies, all Socialists – resigned on Sunday. That made other MPs fight to gather a quorum to appoint a new leader – something they didn't seem to be able to do on Monday.

Senior officials from the US Department of State said they expect a new interim leader to be appointed by Tuesday.

Jeanine Agnes, the fierce anti-moral second vice-president of the Senate, said she would accept a chairman of care, if proposed, and some opposition officials gathered around her. My "sole purpose would be to hold elections," she told reporters.

While the poorest nation in South America handled fast-paced events, its citizens were confronted with a key question: Did democracy collapse or prevail?

Morales, who transformed Bolivia during his nearly 1

4-year term, described the pressure that pushed him on Sunday as a "coup". Hours before his resignation, the Organization of American States said it had discovered "clear manipulation" of the October 20 election, which he claimed was winning a fourth term. The violence that comes after the vote escalates. Armed forces and police withdrew their support and opposition launched a wave of attacks against Morales' socialist allies.

Carlos Mesa, the former president who last month finished second to Morales, rejected the word "coup". before reporters on Monday, he called the events of the previous 24 hours a "Democratic People's Action" to stop an election fraud government from establishing itself as an authoritarian force.

Mesa said that none of the Morales Socialist Movement (MAS) should be elected interim leader, but he urged MAS members not to fear persecution.

"The clear will of the democratic opposition is to build a new democratic government while respecting the constitution," he said.

The US Government welcomes the departure of Morales. Officials said there was no "coup" but an expression of "democratic will". They cited the OAS's finding of fraud and noted that Morales had sought a fourth term, although he lost a referendum in 2016 to extend the term limits (later winning a Court Decision allowing him to run. [19659002] "The United States applauds the Bolivian people for wanting freedom and the Bolivian military for upholding its oath to protect not just one person but Bolivia's constitution," President Trump said in a statement. "These events send a strong signal to illegitimate regimes. in in Venezuela and Nicaragua that democracy and the will of the people will always prevail. We are now one step closer to a fully democratic, prosperous and free Western Hemisphere. "

Marcelo Ebard, Foreign Minister of Mexico, stated that Morales had accepted

"A few minutes ago, we received a call from President Evo Morales," he said at a press conference. "He has responded to our invitation and is orally and formally seeking asylum in our country."

Ebard stated that Mexico has offered humanitarian asylum rni reasons and because of the emergency situation in Bolivia, where his life is in danger. "

Ebrard said Mexico has notified Bolivia for the visa application, in order to ensure safe passage. He did not say when Morales was due to arrive in Mexico. He described the decision as part of Mexico's longstanding tradition of offering safe haven to the politically oppressed.

Bolivia was left without a clear leader. The OAS, a UN-like body made up of Western Hemisphere states, said it would reject "any unconstitutional settlement of the situation."

"The General Secretariat calls for peace and respect for the rule of law," an organization says in statement. He called on the Bolivian Legislative Council to appoint new election officials and "guarantee a new election process." He also called for legal action against those responsible for election fraud.

Bolivia faces deep divisions and prolonged violence – with strong potential for more. On Sunday night opposition protesters plundered and torched the homes of socialist politicians, including Morales. At least 20 MAS staff have sought asylum at the Mexican embassy. Mayor of La Paz Luis Revila Herrero, a critic of Morales, says 64 city buses have been burned. Schools and businesses were closed on Monday and shut down.

The homes of Morales's critics – including a journalist and an academic – were also burned.

Morales urged doctors, nurses and teachers to "return to offer services to the population." "But he continued to condemn his estrangement as illegal and sympathized with his supporters, who were obstructing, attacking police stations and protesting in La Paz, El Alto and elsewhere. He claims that some of his supporters were killed.

"One day after the civil-political-police coup, police repress bullets and cause death and injury in El Alto," Morales tweeted. "My solidarity with these innocent victims, one of them is a young girl and the people of El Alto who are defending democracy."

Some Moral critics have apparently avenged the government that governed Bolivia since 2006, winged leader Luis Fernando Camacho. called Sunday evening for two more days of protests and said he would submit proposals to prosecute Morales, former Vice President Alvaro Garcia Linares and MAS lawmakers.

"Let's start sentencing the criminals of the government party by putting them in jail," Camacho said in a video statement.

Two members of the electoral tribunal – former President Maria Eugene Choche and former Vice President Antonio Costas – have already been detained. Santa Cruz Electoral Officer Sandra Ketels was arrested on Monday morning.The prosecutor's office issued an order against all tribunal officials

One key question was whether the right-wing opposition, which now apparently controls the country, would allow a socialist to nominate a candidate for a new election after the OAS finds evidence of election fraud, Morales claims a 10 percent win on the October 20 vote – enough to avoid a second round in which his chances of losing would be high

Morales, who won the landslide election last year, had lost his welcome, running for a fourth term, despite losing a national referendum on term limits. But the socialists are still receiving considerable support in Bolivia and their decision to ban it would risk more conflict.

While the United States and the opposition celebrate Morales' ouster, observers warn that his departure could cause more chaos. Before arriving on the political scene, Bolivia experienced a period of political instability that led to six presidents in a decade. Protesters against morality on the streets do not give in to one political line, nor answer to one master.

A stunning series of events on Sunday broke out in Latin America. According to Venezuela, the Left, an authoritarian government can accept attacks against Bolivian socialists as proof that voluntary surrender would be dangerous.

"In Venezuela, you have statements from the opposition that they want to work with [the left] that there will be no revenge," said Michael Schiffer, president of the Inter-American Dialogue in Washington. "I think there will be much more skepticism about

They discuss whether democracy is restored or broken, raging in the region. Morales Socialists have been accused of stealing elections, but critics said the military's decision to maintain its support and the mafia rule that forced him to be

Views have fallen largely ideologically, revealing political divisions within and within Latin American countries, as well as sensitivity to the word – a coup – that invokes images of 20th-century military interventions in the region. many of which are backed by the United States.

But the word can also be used by removed leaders as a shield against civil movements that aim to hold authoritarian leaders accountable.

Eli what a coup, "said Nicolas Saldias, senior researcher in Latin America in The Wilson Center. "Evo Morales is involved in election fraud. You can argue that the constitutional order, which is the main institution of democracy, has been violated. Then what should the armed forces, who swear allegiance to the constitution, do? "

Some nations have criticized the SLA for largely standing by until Morales is forced to take office on Sunday.

" We will urgently request a meeting of the United States of America because of yesterday's silence. " "Ebard said on Monday." How can silence be maintained in the face of an event of this gravity? "

He reiterated that Mexico believes that what happened on Sunday is a coup.

" What we can't tolerate, is when the military tells the president that he should leave office "What happened yesterday is a failure across the continent."

Argentina, led by outgoing center-right president Mauricio Macri, has a different opinion.

"There was no coup for our government," Normando Alvarez Garcia, the Argentine ambassador to Bolivia told a local radio station "There is a violation of the constitutional order based on social unrest."


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