Analysts have reproached the economic part of the US Middle East peace plan because they failed to resolve the major problem that severely constrained the Palestinian economy – the 52-year Israeli military occupation over the Palestinian territories.
The economic plan was published in the White House on Saturday and is expected to be presented during a seminar in Bahrain, to be held in the United States on 25-26 June. of any political context with the words "occupation", "freedom", "equality", "blockade" is missing. "The lack of these words is actually quite bright and very telling what they see is the question," Diana Buut, a Haifa-based analyst and former legal adviser to Palestinian peace negotiators, told Al Jazeera.
"They have compiled this optimal plan in which every person involved in economic development would love to. But this is not applicable to Palestine because they have taken the political context."
At the core of the plan is an investment fund of the $ 50 billion to be split between the Palestinians in the occupied territories (more than half of the total) and its neighbors Egypt
The fund will be used for 1
It does not address the obstacles to the freedom of movement faced by Palestinians living under the 12-year-old Israeli-Egyptian blockade in the Gaza Strip or under Occupation of the West Bank surrounded by illegal Israeli settlements that do not consider it
The Palestinian Authority exercising limited government in some areas of the West Bank and Hamas, which governs Gaza, firmly rejected the plan. allow goods to move? Will Israel be able to implement this plan? No. Can economic development be under occupation? Again the answer is no, "Buttu said.
Many have complained that the plan recycles old ideas, such as the proposed $ 5 billion transit corridor linking the occupied West Bank with the besieged Gaza Strip
The idea of the transport corridor first appeared around 2005, when the RAND research organization proposed the construction of the "Arc" railway line to join Gaza with other West Bank cities designed to shape Palestinian resemblance and create the conditions for economic growth and population growth.
The Middle East Peace Plan of the United States: What effect will it have on Kouchner?
The project does not materialize due to complications.
"Cruel Ironically"  [Kushner’s economic plan] A mess of old ideas, not something new. [The plan] is portrayed as a new, new prospect, which is simply not the case, – said Jara Havari, a Palestinian politician in Al-Shabaka, told Al Jazeera.
"You will notice that the terrains they use in the plan are programs of people from USAID programs, the programs themselves that the Trump administration cuts off, which is cruelly ironic
" The persuasion of the Palestinians in this basically convinces them to "The UN report in 2016 found that the economy of the occupied Palestinian territory could double to its size if the Israeli military occupation was abolished
." The occupation is heavy and costs, "said Israeli restrictions on the movement of people and goods, systematic erosion and destruction of the production base, loss of land, water and other natural resources," as some of the obstacles that distort the growth of the territories.
The Palestinians did not have a complete sovereign Economic control over their economy is due to the fragmented internal market and separation from international markets, the blockade of Gaza, the expansion of illegal Israeli settlements, the construction of the barrier to separation of the Palestinian territories and the isolation of East Jerusalem, the report said. According to international law, Israel as an occupier is obliged to promote the economic development of the Palestinians whose territory it occupies.
The Palestinian economy does not hesitate because of lack of investment, but because of the occupation, analysts say. "[The plan is] A list of all the things we have been working on over the past 25 years and they have failed because of the military occupation of Israel, which this economic plan completely ignores as if it did not exist," analyst Sam Bahar told Al Jazeera.
"We do not need an economic seminar to show us great projects [that can help] The Palestinian economy, we already know what they are." What we need to consider is how we can remove the restrictions imposed by Israel on the full support for the United States, Bhur said, the tension created by the occupation on the ground but the economic plan includes ideas such as a new university and the introduction of "5G telecommunication services" for the Palestinians
US Ambassador David Friedman talks with Al Jazeera in front of the "seminar" of Manama
took 12 years (19659003) Analyst Nur Arafeh explained how, after the Israeli occupation began in 1967, Israel actually seeks to include the economy of the occupied territories in its
But Buttu told Al Jazeera that what is crucial is the political will to end the occupation. "What has been missing all these years is pressure on Israel to act let's be free. They recycle the same concepts, repackage them, but what they are not prepared to do is Israel.
Palestinians are absent
Several prominent Palestinian businessmen have rejected the invitation of the United States to attend the conference
The Palestinian Authority said it was not consulted on the plan and would not attend the conference.
The money raised for the economic plan should be put into a fund run by a multinational development bank, and the funds will be managed by
Life under occupation: Palestinians face a land shortage
$ 15 billion d. will come from grants, $ 25 billion. of subsidized loans and about $ 11 billion. will come from private capital. mentioning the Palestinians who manage money
The plan itself repeatedly mentions "applicable Palestinian authorities," noted Bahor, not established structures such as the Palestinian Liberation Organization. (PLO). The United States closed the PLO office in Washington in 2018, while the US did not recognize the state of Palestine.
In the past, Kouchner expressed his view that the Palestinians deserve "self-determination," but are still unable to manage themselves.
"This is a very colonial approach that the Palestinians can not manage themselves, so we have to have a separate unit that can manage the funds," Butu said.
Normally, when you look at the economic development you look for in the framework and context of states, and yet they try to create a plan that does not include any state at all, it does not include the Palestinian authority. "It all makes a very brilliant, nice, pretty 38-side brochure, but in terms of its essence, it will never see the light of the day because it refuses to deal with political circumstances, occupation and denial of freedom. "