Like coronavirus cases overwhelm hospitals, and each state is considered a “danger zone,” knowing whether you have a highly contagious virus is key. Who better to consult than John Hopkins, the private research university in Baltimore, Maryland, that has been at the forefront of COVID-19 tracking since it hit those shores? “Symptoms can begin between two and 14 days after you have been infected with the coronavirus,” the university advised. “The most common symptoms are”
“Fever is not a disease in itself. Rather, it is a symptom that something is wrong with the body,” says John Hopkins. “It could be a bacterial or viral infection.” It could be COVID-19. “Normal body temperature ranges from 36.4 ° C to 37.2 ° C from 97.5 ° F to 98.9 ° F,” they say. “It tends to be lower in the morning and higher in the evening. Most healthcare providers think the fever is 100 ° F (38 ° C) or higher.”
“COVID-19 can cause symptoms that are mild at first, but then become more intense for five to seven days, with worsening cough and shortness of breath,” says John Hopkins. The cough is often dry. “Some develop pneumonia.”
You may have difficulty breathing – and it may get worse. “COVID-19, a disease caused by the new coronavirus, can cause lung complications such as pneumonia and in the most severe cases, acute respiratory distress syndrome or ARDS, “says John Hopkins.” Sepsis, another possible complication of COVID-19, can also cause permanent damage to the lungs and other organs. “Recovery from lung damage takes time,” Panagis Galiatsatos, Ph.D., MHS, an expert in lung diseases in Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Centerhe says. “There is an initial lung injury followed by scarring. Over time, the tissue heals, but it can take three months to a year or more for a person’s lung function to return to pre-COVID-19 levels.”
Dr. Anthony Fauci, the best infectious disease expert in the country and director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, calls it “myalgia.” “Myalgia describes muscle aches and pains, which can include ligaments, tendons and fascia, the soft tissues that connect muscles, bones and organs,” says John Hopkins. “Injuries, trauma, overuse, stress, certain medications and illnesses can lead to myalgia.” Maybe COVID-19.
Sore throat is widely included in the lists of the most common symptoms. “Common signs of a coronavirus infection include runny nose, cough, fever, sore throat and shortness of breath,” says John Hopkins. Read about those that are less common but no less disturbing.
“The symptoms of COVID-19 vary from person to person, but the vast majority of infected people have one thing in common: they have lost some sense of smell and taste,” said John Hopkins. “The most unique finding that happens is that patients can lose their smell and taste in isolation,” Nicholas Rowan, Ph.D., an assistant professor of otolaryngology – head and neck surgery at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, says. “It happens suddenly and in many cases without other symptoms.” The hospital added: “Emerging data shows that the new coronavirus directly infects the olfactory nerve,” he added, “and this may be the way the virus enters the human host.”
“COVID-19 can show a variety of symptoms, but one potentially dangerous symptom that most people aren’t particularly excited to talk about is diarrhea,” he said. John Hopkins. “About 20% of patients with COVID-19 are likely to develop diarrhea soon after contracting the disease.”
You may get a headache, “pain or discomfort in your head or face,” says John Hopkins, who some describe as a team hammer. You may also develop migraines, which may be accompanied by “nausea and vomiting, dizziness, sensitivity to light (photophobia) and other visual symptoms.”
Proud fatigue can last long after you shed the virus. “There may be a post-viral syndrome associated with Covid-19,” Fautsi told the International AIDS Society last year. It resembles myalgic encephalomyelitis, or ME, once known as chronic fatigue syndrome, he says. “There is no doubt that there are a significant number of individuals who have post-viral syndrome, which in many ways deprives them of abilities for weeks and weeks after so-called recovery.”
“The CDC notes that people with impaired immune systems, such as those recovering from COVID-19, are at greatest risk of developing diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms, including vomiting and nausea,” says John Hopkins.
Is your runny nose a runny nose? Or COVID-19? Discussing the symptoms with your doctor or seeking a test is the only way to know for sure.
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You do not need a fever to have a coronavirus. “Yes, you can get coronavirus and have a cough or other symptoms without a fever or a very low degree, especially during the first few days,” says John Hopkins. “Keep in mind that it is also possible to have COVID-19 with minimal or no symptoms.”
“Some of these symptoms are very common and can occur in many conditions other than COVID-19,” says John Hopkins. “If you have any, contact a doctor or health care provider so they can assess your risk and help you determine the next steps.” And follow the basics of Fauci and help stop that tide, no matter where you live. – wear a face mask, social distance, avoid large crowds, do not go indoors with people with whom you are not a shelter (especially in bars), practice good hand hygiene, get vaccinated when it becomes available to you, and to protect your life and the lives of others, do not visit any of them 35 places you are most likely to catch COVID.