Chinese scientists have released this image of a cotton plant born in its reservoir on the far side of the moon aboard the Chang # 4's trigger. The photo was taken on January 7, 2019.  Credit: The University of Chongqing
The Moon is a lifeless world once more.
Cotton plants that sprouted in the distant side of the moon of China's Chinese Chinese Chang's 4 dead, made from bitter cold on long moon night, GBTimes said on January 1
These photosynthetic pioneers were part of Chang's Biological Experiment 4, which also includes potato, rapeseed, and Arabidopsis as well as fruit fly eggs and yeast. These organisms were enveloped in 5.7-lb. (2.6 kilograms) tube that touched the city from the lunar side with Chango's 4 duo on the night of January 2. [Photos from the Moon’s Far Side! China’s Chang’e 4 Lunar Landing in Pictures]
The experiment, which began only hours after the historic touchdown crater of the far 115 km (Vor Kármán Crater), designed to assess how plants and animals grow and develop in the alien environment. The surface of the Moon is characterized by low gravity, high levels of radiation and extreme temperature fluctuations.
The cotton seeds were able to cope with these harsh conditions, at least initially, becoming the first plants ever to pop up on the surface of another world. (The Chinese space officials did not say how the other organisms did.)
But the container obviously does not have a battery-powered heater, so the onset of the lunar night during the weekend was a decay for cotton sprouts. , (The moon needs about 27 Earth days to complete a rotation, so day and night to the nearest neighbor every two weeks.) This period of rotation, incidentally, corresponds to the orbital period of the moon – the time it takes to ending a tour around the Earth is the reason to see only the nearby country, and the lunar remote country is forever invisible. "
" Liu Hanlong, head of the Chongqing University experiment, said at a press conference in the Chongqing government on Tuesday, container of 1 liter capacity and the experiment ended after 212.75 hours, writes Andrew Jones in the history of GBTimes, Kármán late this month, but the container is a closed system so that the collapsible material will not leak to the surface of the moon,
potential biological experiment to help pave the way for future lunar settlement, it is not a major scientific cargo mission. In 2015, Chinese space officials asked students from across the country to submit ideas for payloads on board the Chang's 4. The mini-sphere was a winner from over 250 proposals, according to the state-owned Chinese news agency Xinhua.
Pie 4 collects detailed data on the surface and near the surface of the Von Kármán crater. This information is transmitted back to Earth via a satellite called Queqiao, which China put into a gravitational stable beyond the moon in May 2018.
Chang is part of China's ambitious program for exploration of moon robots. The nation started lunar orbits Chang & ee 1 and Chang & ee in 2007 and 2010 and put the Changes # 3 on the moon end in December 2013.
If everything goes according to plan, China will started the mission of returning a sample of Chang 5 at some time this year.
Cotton seeds are not the first plants ever to emerge from the Earth. Astronauts have preserved a variety of minigars in Earth's orbit, aboard the Peace Space Station, the International Space Station, and the Chinese Space Laboratory Tiangong-2. " " (Grand Central Publishing, 2018, illustrated by Carl Tate ) is no longer available.  Mike Wall's book on the search for extraterrestrial life. Follow it on Twitter @michaeldwall . Follow us @Spacedotcom or Facebook . Originally posted on Space.com .