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Chinese Mars Mars Ends Trial Landing Before 2020 – Spaceflight Now



A test model of China's first rover, launched in mid-2020, performs a landing test on November 14 in a specially constructed platform in northern China's Hebei Province. Credit: Xinhua

China conducted a test to avoid detention and avoid the danger of a model of the first Mars rover in the country, while engineers prepared a true spacecraft to launch on the red planet in mid-2020

Earth and Rover, the mission aims to become the first Chinese spacecraft to reach Mars after boarding the Long March 5 missile – the country's most powerful launcher – during the several weeks of opening the window in July 2020.

The mission will start by Uenchang Space Center on the island of Hainan, the newest space port in China.

China invited ambassadors and envoys from 19 countries, including the European Union, the African Union, France, Italy and Brazil, to visit a test platform in the northern province of Hebei, China. to see a test on the land of the Mars lander. The demonstration tests the rover's ability to bend and autonomously avoid obstacles during descent under conditions of reduced gravity, similar to those of Mars, according to the Chinese National Space Administration.

Taxed by China as a public disclosure of the Mars mission, the event last week checked the design of the lander, the Chinese Space Agency reported.

If it launches next summer, the mission will reach Mars in early 2021 and launch a landing module to enter the Martian atmosphere. After landing, the rover will embark on a ramp to begin exploring the surface with a set of scientific tools.

The arbiter will tour Mars to provide communications relay support for the rover and to conduct its own scientific measurements.

In orbit, the module carries high and medium resolution cameras, a radar instrument to study the structure of the Martian undercoat, a spectrometer to analyze minerals in the Martian crust, and sensors to collect data on the interaction between the strong magnetosphere of the red planet and the solar wind.

Designed for three months of work upon arrival on Mars, the rover has its own cameras and radar for exploring underground layers below the mission landing site, along with a spectrometer and meters. teorologichna station on Mars, according to the National Space Science Center at the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

The three-piece spacecraft that China plans to send to Mars in 2020 is seen here in the launch configuration, Credit: CASC

China launches the Mars mission in 2016.

will be the country's second attempt to reach Mars with a robotic probe, following the orbit of Yinghuo 1, which was orbited on Earth after launching as

China landed two robotic spacecraft on the moon and plans to launch a third moon launch in the next a year to try the first moon pro mission after more than 40 years.

Like the Mars mission, the Chang & # 39; e Sample Return Mission will launch on March 5, one of the most powerful missiles in the world and the heaviest in China's inventory of launch vehicles.

While Mars' orbit and launch of the Rover next year will carry extremely Chinese payloads, officials have used the test of November 14 to foreshadow the country's cooperation with other space projects.

According to a statement from CNSA, China has signed over 140 space forwarding agreements with 45 countries and international organizations.

The China-France Oceanographic Satellite and China's Seismic Electromagnetic Satellite were launched last year by China in partnership with scientists from France and Italy, respectively, to collect climate measurements and detect predecessor signals. this can help to predict earthquakes. China developed a series of Earth observation satellites in collaboration with Brazil, and Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and Saudi Arabia contributed to Chang's moon mission.

China invited international proposals for small scientific instruments that could fly to the moon of Chang's robot mission 6 in 2023. Earlier this month, Chinese and French space officials signed an agreement to fly a French instrument for Chang's mission 6 to measure the transport of volatile matter, such as water molecules in the lunar pax.

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Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: @ StephenClark1 .


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