So far, the group has restored about 30 million oysters to local waters. But this is still a small part of what has developed in the area.
"Without oyster reefs, the whole coastline is fundamentally changed," said Pitt Malinovski, executive director of the group. "We think oyster reefs can be part of an integrated approach to sustainability and proactive climate change planning."
Malinovski said his team saw promising signs. Last year there was a "dramatic" increase in the number of wild oysters clinging to billions of oysters reefs.
"For successful recovery, wild oysters need to be hired from the system," Malinovski said. This can help the population grow exponentially.
As the band's name suggests, she hopes one day to return a billion oysters to New York's waterways.
How It Works
with more than 70 restaurants in New York. Companies save their shells instead of throwing them, and volunteers for the billion billion oysters project surround them and drive them to the island of Gubernari, a small island east of the Statue of Liberty. at least one year. This allows the elements to naturally cleanse them from organic matter before being sent to the New York Harbor School, which is focused on the Governor Island Marine Community School, which is heavily involved in the project.
Students grow up and hatch a baby. oysters, which are then attached to the cleaned shells. The shells and larvae are grouped together and strategically located somewhere on the coast of New York.
The billions of oysters have so far begun twelve reefs, some close to the shore, others in deeper waters.
Engaging the community ̵
The communities turn people to the brink of water and begin to rebuild the relationship between New Yorkers and the ecosystem, "Malinowski said.
The Billions of Oysters Project is funded through various grants from state and city supporters. The National Science Foundation also recently renewed its support for the project, offering a two-year $ 4.5 million grant.
Hundreds of years ago, the New York port had more than 200,000 acres of live oyster reefs. Molluscs clean and filter the water naturally removing pollutants. Dolphins, seals and other creatures attracted to the living ecosystem swam right up to Manhattan.
"When Europeans first arrived at the port of New York, there were reefs of oysters everywhere and there were so many fish that they could not physically get out of the boat, Malinovski said." After about 100 years, we gathered all the local oysters from the port. All of these oysters were eaten, consumed locally by New Yorkers, and delivered all over the world as food. "
Oysters were a favorite treatment among New York City's rising population in the 19th century Street vendors and restaurants began riding cheap, salty seafood
By 1900, the port of New York was polluted and virtually lifeless, and only in 1972, after the adoption of the Clean Water Act, the law prohibits the dumping of waste or untreated waste water in the harbor
the water became pits The purity of the water is not the only reason that the waters of New York suffer without oysters, and for centuries their great reefs have served as natural breakwaters – underwater barriers that help protect the earth from storm and erosion waves – around the New York coast
Project work for billions of oysters can slowly restore the breakwaters. But, "the oyster reefs that protected New York before they were removed … took hundreds of years to grow to the size they had to be in order to protect the shore," Malinowski said.
Instead of waiting fully The Billard Oyster Project is a partner to another group, Living Breakwaters, to create artificial reefs two miles from Staten Island's coastline. Oysters can then build reefs around the structures, making it bigger and healthier.
The Living Breakwaters Initiative, which is due to begin construction this year, is partly funded by a $ 60 million grant from the Federal Department of Housing and Urban Development in 2013
Kate Orp, who founded Scape The Design Company , who heads the project, said it was time for New York to take serious steps to combat the impact of climate change – which is expected to lead to increasingly unstable weather and higher sea levels.
"We need to take a drastic look at landscape strategies," she said.
What's Up For BOP
The Billion Oyster Project is not the first initiative of this kind.
A large part of the oyster population has been restored. The group encourages other settlements to take similar measures.
Malinowski, the Bill of Oysters project executive, said he hoped there would be more initiatives when people began to realize the crucial role that oysters play in oysters. But there is still a long way to go before the oyster population near New York is close to pre industrialization.
The progress of the project is "exciting and largely validating – but also sobering because it has a long way to go
Malinovski said he was convinced by the involvement of local students. inspired young generations to consider ecological and environmental issues no matter what they do. "
" People in New York will become increasingly aware that the cause [New York Harbor is] is contaminated because it is contaminated with human waste, it is full of rubbish and plastic "he said," You can just imagine going to Central Park in the afternoon Saturday and close the gates because it is full of human waste and garbage. "
" New Yorkers would not have stood for it and it will stop. "19659038]