Consumer groups give many of the best restaurant chains in the United States an under-appreciation for their antibiotic policies used in offering beef for burgers and other beef dishes.
The report is the result of a combined effort by the United States Educational Fund for the Public Interest, the Natural Resources Defense Council, Consumer Reports and the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Medicine,
"Excessive use of antibiotics in the beef industry, we are threatening our health and fast food companies need to do more, "says Matt Wellington, co-author and director of the antibiotic campaign for the US PIRG Educational Fund.
The issue is growing drug resistant bacteria, which occurs when antibiotics are used to control and kill germs are overused or used improperly.
"Improving antibiotic prescribing and use is crucial to ensure that bacteria do not become antibiotic resistant, "Centers for Disease Says Control and Prevention." Doctors should treat people and animals with antibiotics only when they are needed for medically sound reasons. "
rkotitsi in animals used in food supply can affect humans if they eat raw or malnourished contaminated meat or come into contact with animal waste through contaminated drinking or swimming water.
The new report examines whether restaurants even have a policy of restricting the use of antibiotics in their beef chains or a plan to end it, and how they implement these actions.
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Arby & # 39; s, Burger King and Jack in the Box received unsuccessful evaluations for lack of antibiotic policies in beef. Taco Bell and Wendy won Ds because of what the report's authors called insufficient plans to reduce antibiotic use.
"Restaurants are committed to protecting the health and safety of our guests," Jeff Salisby, Vice President of Communications at National
"This is a key reason why so many restaurants offer nutritional information and ingredients more shared animal welfare policies and supply chains ̵
Chipotle and Panera Bread earned top marks in new report. Both receive As for the active search for beef suppliers who only use antibiotics in animals when they become ill.
According to Chipotle's website, "antibiotics and hormones are given to most animals to increase production," but that Chipotle only purchases meat from farmers who use antibiotics responsibly.
McDonald's has earned a C rating this year – up from F in 2018 – for its recent commitment to "limit the routine medically important use of antibiotics in its huge global supply chain and set specific reduction targets by the end of 2020. ., "according to the report.
" McDonald's believes antibiotic resistance is a critical public health problem. We take seriously our unique position to use our scale for good to continue to meet this challenge, "Keith Kenny, Global Vice,
A spokesman for the National Cattle Breeders Association said the group was" promoting the ambiguous use of antibiotics to keep the potential of developing antibiotic-resistant levels extremely low. "The group has programs to advise the ranch on 'guidelines for antibiotics, such as avoiding the use of important antibiotics for human use,'"
Starbucks also failed in the new report, despite the fact that the coffee chain does not offer many beef products rating F is given that Starbucks does not have a policy on the use of antibiotics in its beef supply chains, although it does have a policy on poultry.
The development of the poultry industry
no o Nutrition has already made progress with chicken in general. Last month, Chick-fil-A announced that none of the meat sold in more than 2400 restaurants had been treated with antibiotics.
"When we watch chicken, we see incredible progress. in the last 5 years with restaurants to receive antibiotics from their supply and this has spread throughout the chicken industry, "Wellington said.
However, humans, not animals, are perhaps the biggest culprit for the growth of drug-resistant bacteria. Taking antibiotics for diseases for which they have zero impact, such as those caused by fungi (such as vaginal yeast infections) or viruses (such as the flu), drives drug resistance upwards. Antibiotics are effective only in diseases caused by bacteria, including strep throat and urinary tract infections.
The World Health Organization calls antibiotic resistance one of the 10 public health threats worldwide and issued a dire warning earlier this year: resistant infections could cause 10 million deaths by 2050 if no action is taken .
In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention evaluates drug-resistant infections such as E. coli and MRSA, which already sick more than 2 million and kill 23,000 people each year.
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