قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Health https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Defeat Malaria in a Generation – Here's How

Defeat Malaria in a Generation – Here's How



  Mosquito feeding Copyright
Getty Images

The world can be malaria free – one of the oldest and deadliest diseases affecting humanity – within a generation, a major report said.

There are still more than 200 million cases of the disease that kill mostly young children every year.

The report says that eliminating malaria is no longer a dream, but eliminating the parasite will probably require an extra $ 2 billion.

Experts say eradication is "the goal of epic proportions."

What Is Malaria?

Malaria is a disease caused by parasites Plasmodium . [1

9659005] They are spread from person to person by biting mosquitoes in search of blood nutrition.

Once infected, people become ill with a fever and a tremor.

Copyright
Getty Images

Caption Pictures

Malaria parasites are spread by mosquitoes

The parasites infect cells in the liver and red blood cells, and other symptoms include anemia.

Eventually, the disease takes a toll on the whole body, including the brain, and can be fatal.

About 435,000 people – mostly children – die from malaria each year.

How's it going?

The world has already made tremendous progress against malaria.

Since 2000:

  • the number of malaria countries has dropped from 106 to 86
  • cases have fallen by 36%
  • mortality has decreased by 60%

widespread access to ways to prevent mosquito bites, such as insecticide treated bed nets and better medicines for treating infected people.

Copyright
Getty Images

Captioning Images

Sleeping under insecticide-treated nets prevents mosquito bites at night

"Despite unprecedented progress, malaria continues to deprive communities around the world of promises and economic potential," says Dr. Macho Mpanjou-Shumbusho, one of the authors of the report.

"This is especially true in Africa, where only five countries carry almost half of the global burden. "

Why is this report important?

Eradicating malaria – effectively wiping it off the face of the planet – would be a monumental achievement.

The report was commissioned by the World Health Organization three years ago to evaluate how much and how much

Forty-one of the world's leading malaria experts – from scientists to economists – have come to the conclusion that this can happen by 2050.

Their report, published in Lancet, is described as "the first this kind of ""

"Too long the elimination of malaria bech is a distant dream, but now we have evidence that malaria can and should be eradicated by 2050, "says Sir Richard Fitcham, one of the authors of the report.

"This report shows that uprooting is possible within a generation."

However, he warned that he would take "bold action" to reach the goal.

And what will he do?

The report estimates that, based on current trends, the world will be "largely malaria-free" by 2050.

  • The malaria vaccine is being deployed to tens of thousands of children

But there will still be a stubborn belt of malaria in Africa, extending from Senegal in the northwest to Mozambique in the southeast.

More effective use of modern technology and the development of new ways of dealing with the disease will be required to eradicate it by 2050, the report said. [19659005] This may include the "game-changing potential" of gene-driven technologies.

Unlike normal rules of genetic inheritance, gene disks force a gene (a piece of DNA) to propagate through the population.

In theory, this could make the mosquitoes barren and cause their populations to collapse or make them resistant to the parasite.

  • Gene charge wipes out mosquitoes in the laboratory
  • GM fungi quickly kills 99% of malaria mosquitoes, study suggests

Copyright


King Mswati III of Eswatini (Former Swaziland) and President of the African Union of Leaders of the Malaria Alliance stated: "Eradicating malaria within a generation is ambitious, achievable and necessary.

" The struggle is constant to be in foot with malaria mosquito and parasite, both develop to avoid the effect of malaria interventions.

"We have to make sure that innovation is a priority."

How much will all this cost?

The report's estimate is currently about $ 4.3 billion (£ 3.5 billion) spent on malaria.

But it will take an extra $ 2 billion a year to rid the world of malaria by 2050.

The authors argue that there are also costs to business, as usual, of lost lives and the constant fight against parasites against malaria and mosquitoes, developing resistance to drugs and insecticides.

The report concludes that receiving an additional $ 2 billion annually will be a "challenge", but the social and economic benefits of eradicating malaria will "far outweigh the costs."

Copyright
Getty Images

Image caption

Malaria vaccine, which is beginning to spread in major trials, should help save lives

Malaria will be eradicated by 2050.

Eradicating the disease is a worldwide challenge (literally).

This happened only once before infection in humans – smallpox was declared eradicated in 1980. [

It takes tremendous effort and a highly effective vaccine to get the job done.

But there is a reason that smallpox is the only one, and the history of poliovirus shows how difficult eradication can be.

From the success of smallpox, there was widespread hope that polio was also rapidly transmitted in history and a target for eradication was set by 2000.

Two decades after that initial target and cases were reduced by 99%. However, the last 1% proved to be extremely difficult.

Nigeria and, as a result, all of Africa is on the cusp of eliminating polio, but obtaining the vaccine of each child in the other two endemic countries (Pakistan and Afghanistan) is still difficult.

What was the reaction?

'Eradicating malaria has been one of the ultimate goals of public health for a century; it also proves to be one of the biggest challenges, ”says Dr. Tedros Gebraeusus, Director-General of the World Health Organization. [19659005] "But we will not achieve eradication in this period with the tools and approaches currently available – most of them developed in the last century or even earlier."

Dr. Fred Binka, of the University of Health and Allied Sciences Science in Ghana, said: "Eradicating malaria is a goal of epic proportions.

" It will require ambition, commitment and partnership like never before, but we know that getting it back is worth the investment, not just by saving a life in eternity, ut also improving human well-being, uk burgeoning economies and contributing to a healthier, safer and fairer world. "

Follow James on Twitter .


Source link