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The report comes at a time when democracy is being challenged, as never before. Most of the world's population lives in democracies, but more than 2 billion people live in countries where democracy has been on the back in recent years, such as India, Turkey, Brazil and the United States. to disappointment in much of the democratic world, and the relative success of autocracies from China to Rwanda and Vietnam to Singapore, raised questions about whether political freedom is the best system of governance for all.
The study concludes that, as far as health is concerned, he is.
Thomas Bollick, the lead author of the US Foreign Affairs Council, said: "This is good news at a time when the news about democracy is quite depressing. Health and elections are inevitably linked. "
Researchers use existing measures for democratic experience collected in the V-Dem database and draw them against a number of indicators, such as government spending on health and disease outcomes. countries that have moved from autocracy to democracy since 1970 with 55 countries that are not. The impact of HIV was reflected, as the vast amount of foreign aid for the virus would distort the findings.
The conclusions were categorical. Life expectancy at 15 years of age is 3% higher in the 10 years since their transition to democracy than in countries that have not changed the type of government. Cardiovascular diseases, tuberculosis, transport injuries and non-communicable diseases also fall because democracy has come into force. The consequences for further democratization in the authoritarian world are clear.
"We believe that between 1994 and 2014 the increase in democratic experience has led to 16 million fewer deaths from cardiovascular disease worldwide," said Bolliki. if China experiences the same democratic transition that a country like Poland has achieved during that period, it would save 10 million lives for people who died of this disease.
Researchers believe that free societies achieve better results not because of public welfare prosperity. "Countries in which the government is not subject to free and fair democracy have no equal pressure from voters" to provide better health services, Boliki said. Health Metrics and Assessment said, "Efforts to improve adult health can benefit from funding programs that help countries consolidate their democratic processes. adult health: others have focused more closely on the impact of democracy on health at an early age.
The work was conducted by the US External Relations Council and the Institute for Health Measurement and Assessment. It is funded by the Bloomberg Philanthropies and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
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