This article deals with the narrow allegations that the US House of Chancellor has been investigating whether the Department of Defense is experimenting with ticks or other insects as a biological weapon. This statement is true: as reported by the Roll Call on 15 July 2019, the condition was added to an amendment to the Defense Authorization Act 2020 and was voted on July 11:
The amendment is an attempt to confirm or to deny reports that Pentagon researchers – in places like Fort Detrick in Maryland and Plum Island in New York – implanted insect diseases to learn about the impact of biological weapons and also to use such insects to spread biological agents .
understand the rationale for such a move, a brief history of US biological weapons research (and related contradictions) is required. US Biological Weapons
The United States began biological weapons tests during the First World War when the United States was investigating but did not use ricin as a potential weapon. Although in 1
The Secretary of the War Memorandum of September 1945 describes the achievements of the program: The US used pilot plants for mass production, among other pathogens, Bacillus anthracis (anthrax) and Brucella melitensis (brucellosis); developed and tested a new cluster bomb; and have built facilities for the large-scale production of several pathogens, including anti-cultural agents. [Biological Warfare] research and development related to a large extent took place in Kemp (later Fort) in Detrick, Maryland. An island off the east coast of Long Island, owned by the US government, Plam Island, has been under civilian control as a research department of the Department of Agriculture since 1954. An island in the past, as reported in the 1998 New York Times:
For decades, the authorities denied rumors of biological warfare experiments. But in 1993, Newsday opened before classified documents for plans to violate the Soviet economy through the spread of diseases to kill their pigs, cattle and horses. Most of the diseases studied, such as African swine fever and cattle plague, only affect livestock. But one, fever from the Rift valley, is also common in humans. Warfare plans have ended long, officials say, and now the lab focuses exclusively on disease prevention. To address their own concerns, Russian scientists inspected the center in 1994
Claiming that American Biological Weapons Caused Lyme Disease
Among the most extreme claims of US biological weapons research are those who suggest that outbreaks of ticks Lym's disease in the late 1960s and early 1970s – the first widespread phenomenon of the condition – and its subsequent proliferation in much of the nation were the result of the United States government, whether deliberately or by accident. Lym's disease is caused by a bacterium that can live inside the ticks and spreads to animals and humans
This argument has recently been made in the book "Bites: The Secret History of Lime's Disease and Biological Weapons" by writer Chris Newby. Although the idea preceded this book, US representative Chris Smith (R-N.J.) cites Bitten as an important inspiration for the change. What this book says "brings to light is that US military has conducted thousands of experiments exploring the use of ticks and tick-borne diseases as biological weapons, and in some cases, these agents escaped into the environment. "There was a deliberate release or incident," including experimentation with biological weapons with "unintended consequences for the environment". It also suggests that the medical controversial state of chronic or persistent Lyme disease can be elucidated by means of records showing what kind of tests can be performed on this bacterial agent.
After all, "Bitter" is based on three statements. First, American researchers injected transmissible diseases in ticks and other insects. Secondly, the first major epidemic of what we now call Lyme disease in the late 1960s and 1970s happened after the release of infected ticks in the general population. And thirdly, the experimental agent was or was associated with the bacterial agent, which is now known to cause Lyme disease: Borrelia burgdorferi . The evidence for each of these pillars comes largely from a single source – scientists from the National Institutes of Health of the United States for which this bacterial species is called: William Burgdorfer.
Interviewing Interview on Burgdorfer in 2013 The film, written by Newbie:
[Burgdorfer] seemed to say that Lyme was not a natural germ that could have collapsed and spread through global warming, explosion deer and other environmental changes. It was created in a military biological weapons laboratory with the specific purpose of injuring human beings.
These statements are contradictory, and the testimony of Burddorfer, assembled by Newbie – at the end of his life as he suffers from Parkinson's disease and diabetes – is unconvincing, as she admits in her book. Epilogue:
After five years of research, I could not find verifiable documents confirming [an alleged release of deer dicks in Long Island]. I do not know why Willy [Burgdorfer] refused to reveal the full details before his death. With his passing, the only way to understand the truth is that a listener has to go ahead or issue a classified report.
The problem with the idea that Lyme disease is not a "naturally occurring microorganism" is that the appearance of bacteria living inside ticks returns to the time that is most – a few million years before people existed to put the bacteria in the tick. In 2014, for example, scientists have discovered a 15-year tick fossil found in a piece of amber from the Dominican Republic that has proven to be infected with bacteria Borrelia . Borrellia bacteria in the Northeastern United States, similarly, precede the US Biological Weapons Program. A study by Yale researchers who compared B. burgdorferi genomes from different domains collected over a 30 year period estimated that the bacteria had been in North America longer than humans – at least 60 000 years. Lyme Disease: that she has long been sleeping in the United States, while ecological and economic changes have created conditions for its proliferation to flourish, as explained in the Yale School of Public Health report for this study:
that the bacterium does not is a recent invader. Various lines of B. burgdorferi have long existed in North America and the current epidemic of Lyme disease is the result of environmental changes that allowed deer, ticks and eventually bacteria to invade. , free from wolf predators and strict hunting restrictions, allowed the deer ticks to swiftly invade much of New England and the Midwest. Climate change has also contributed. Warmer winters accelerate the life cycle of ticks and allow them to survive approximately 28 miles north in the year. burgdorferi. Enlargement of ticks in habitats with ideal hosts allowed the bacterium to spread.
The wider question of whether the United States "experimented" with ticks at all has independent support beyond Burgdorfer's vague assertions. In an interview with the academic journal American entomologist Georgian State University in 2016, entomologist James Oliver, who served in Fort Detrick in the 1950s, worked on biological weapons, he said: "
I started working on ticks and mosquitoes – how to make many of them. Discard them from planes. Everything was very sad. I'm still proud to talk about it because I think they could put me in jail because I'm giving away secrets. It was a crazy time. …
We would conduct any distribution tests on where these things go when you drop them and what factors were causing the migration. Can we throw them out of planes and get the enemy bugs?
As reported in the Roll Call, Smith's amendment will require a report on this subject from the Chief Inspector of Defense:
The amendment … says that the Inspector General will "review whether the Department of Defense is experimenting with ticks and other "If yes, IG must provide Parliament and the Senate Armed Forces Committees have prepared a report on the scope of the experiments and whether all ticks or insects use them as a biological weapon between 1950 and 1975." in such experiments, were placed outside any laboratory by accident or design of the experiment. "
The next step for Smith's initiative is to reconcile Parliament's version of the 2020 Defense Permit with the Senate version, which does not currently contain such an amendment.