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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ World https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Donald Trump made 84 false allegations last week

Donald Trump made 84 false allegations last week

Naturally, he made 84 false claims.

Trump added 15 false allegations when exchanged with reporters, six in two media interviews in New Hampshire and 10 on Twitter.

The most terrifyingly false statement: Google and the election

As Tim Alberta of Politico documented in Trump's book The American Butchery, Trump's infamous fake tweet about former President Barack Obama, allegedly eavesdropping on his phones at Trump Tower, came after Trump watched a Fox News segment. , Trump's latest sensational and inaccurate allegation of vile behavior came after Fox Business aired a segment on the topic.

Trump found various excuses, including an imagined voter fraud, why he did not win the popular vote in 201
6. This time, he said his victory would have been greater if Google had not "manipulated 2.6 million." up to 16 million votes for Hillary Clinton. "
This claim is based on a highly flawed study, which Trump inaccurately described.

Most revealing false statement: Michigan Man

We've already written about this in detail, so let's be brief here, but let's stop and think again: the President of the United States has said at least seven times in three years, that he was declared a "man of the year" in a state in which he had never lived, though it seems very much that this never happened.
From fake magazine covers to fake compliments by Boy Scout, Trump has boundless creativity when it comes to trivial self-aggrandizement.

The most absurdly false statement: The time of day

In 1991, Spy magazine reported an anonymous acquaintance to Trump, who allegedly said, "He will lie to you about what time of day it is – just for practice . "

During his energy speech on Tuesday, Trump looked at the crowd and said," These are a lot of people out there for – like an 11 o'clock speech. That's a lot of people. "

We don't know if he was lying or just confused, but it wasn't 11 o'clock.

He made the comment around 2:40 PM. A speech was scheduled for 2:10 pm

Here's the full list for this week:

Election fraud

Elector fraud in California

"Because, if you look, the court made an agreement with I suppose California or Los Angeles, where they got their name . That was very problematic. Issue. And you just look at that settlement. These are many names. You had people over 100 who voted, but we know they are gone. So you have a lot of voter fraud. "- Aug. 18 Reporter Exchange

Facts First : There is no evidence that there was a massive voter fraud involving California's dead people or anyone else in 2016.

Trump refers to a legal agreement in which California and Los Angeles counties agreed with the Conservative Judicial Watch Group to remove the names of inactive voters from the electoral rolls, but the agreement did not reveal actual fraud.

evidence of fraud, " and Rick Hassen, an election expert and professor of law and political science at the University of California, Irvine.

Google and votes

"Lele, report only! Google manipulates 2.6 million to 16 million votes in favor of Hillary Clinton in the 2016 election! This was said by a Clinton supporter, not by a Trump supporter! Google must be tried. My victory was even greater than thought! "- August 19, Tweet

Facts first : Trump made a mistake in the findings of this study, and the study itself has major flaws. [19659002] Although the study claims "bias" in Google's search results, its author says there is no evidence that Google has "manipulated" either the search results or the election results in favor of Clinton. In addition, critics of the study noted that it did not establish a link between search results and the conduct of the presidential election.

You can read the full fact check on this statement here.

Energy and the environment

Wind power

"Powerful, clean, natural gas. And when the wind stops blowing, it doesn't matter, does it? Unlike those big winds mills that destroy all property values, kill all the birds. Someday environmentalists will tell us what's going on. And then it suddenly stops; the wind and the TVs go out. And your wives and husbands say, "Honey, I want to watch Donald Trump on TV tonight, but the wind stopped blowing and I couldn't watch. There's no electricity in the house, honey. we love natural gas and a lot of other things too. "- Energy speech on August 13 in Monaco, PA
Facts first : Using wind energy as part of a mix of energy sources does not cause power outage, as the Federal Ministry of Energy explains on its website. "Studies show that the network can handle large penetrations with variable renewable energy without sacrificing reliability and without the need for a" backup generation, "the Energy Ministry says.

The Ministry of Energy explains that while transmission system operators have to take into account the variability that comes with the use of wind and solar, they know how to manage it because "all forms of electricity production", including non-renewables, "may sometimes not work when called upon."

James Manuel, Professor and Director of the Wind Energy Center at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, said in response to a previous v Erisia from Trump's statement: "No one assumes that the wind itself will supply all the electricity in every major electricity network. However, it can deliver a very large fraction without adverse effects. "

While some property values ​​may fall when wind turbines are built nearby, major academic studies do not find a statistically significant decrease.

Air quality

" And we don't risk it. we have the cleanest air and water we've had in our country right now. the cleanest we've ever had. "- an energy speech on August 13 in Monaco, PA

Facts first : By several measures, the air in the US was cleaner in Obama than in Trump.

Three of the six pollutants identified by the Clean Air Act as toxic to human health have been more widespread in the air since 2018 than before Trump took office, according to the Conservation Agency. environment. in 2018 there were more "unhealthy air days" for sensitive groups than in 2016 – 799 days in the 35 U.S. cities surveyed by the EPA, compared to 702.

Although there were significantly more "unhealthy air days" days ”in Obama's first term than heretofore in Trump, the lowest number of unhealthy air days – 598 – occurred in 2014 with Obama.

Hillary Clinton for coal and steel

"Remember, she wanted to shut down all the coal. She was in an area where they didn't make coal. And she said, 'Well, I look forward to closing all coal. It will be closed. Steel – there will be big problems. "She forgot: After three weeks she was leaving for West Virginia. It didn't turn out too well. "- The August 13 Energy Speech in Monaco, PA

Facts First: While Clinton made a comment during the 2016 campaign to release coal and businesses, she said nothing in this In fact, she said during her campaign: "Steel is critical to our production base, crucial to our national security, and I will not allow this vital industry to disappear."
At the CNN City Hall on March 13, 2016, Clinton said, "I'm ed. the smartest candidate who has a policy on how to attract economic opportunity by using clean renewable energy as a key to a coal country. Because we are going to put a lot of coal and coal companies out of work, right? And we will make it clear that we do not want to forget these people. "
Later, in West Virginia, Clinton apologized for what she called a" false statement. "She also said her comments were taken out of context.

Louisiana LNG

"But this is only the beginning. My administration is clearing the way for other massive, multi-billion dollar investments. We just did one in Louisiana. It's a $ 10 billion plant. There are more pipes in this plant that I have ever seen in my life … And you never had such a plant built in this country, really, never, because there was never anything so big. But you did not build such plants because they did not let you into the environment. Yet, in environmental terms, it is so good what they have done and what they can build today. "- Energy Speech on August 13 in Monaco, PA

Facts First : Permits for the visited facility that Trump attends were granted by the Obama administration.

at the Cameron LNG export center in Sempra Energy, Louisiana in May. The company says on its website: "The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission approved the project in June 2014." The company confirmed to FactCheck.org: "You're right, Cameron LNG was approved in 2014. "

The facility made its first delivery to paradise in May.

Energy production [19659002] "We have the greatest resources that have really come in the last few years. No one knew this. Fracking made it possible. Other new technologies made it possible. And now we are number one – think like I said – the number one energy producer in the world. I'm so proud of it because we wouldn't be number five. They would have closed it. They would have closed it. "- an August 13 energy speech in Monaco, PA.

"We have ended the administration's last (brutal) war with the US and energy, and we are pursuing a policy of American energy independence that you have never seen before … And now the United States is the number one oil and gas producer anywhere in the world. "- August 15 rally in Manchester, New Hampshire
Facts first : The US not just "now" became the world's best energy producer: it took first place in 2012 under the Trump administration itself was accused of waging "war" "for the industry, according to the Government's Energy Information Administration then the United States. The US has become the best producer of crude oil, especially during Trump's term.
"The United States is the world's best producer of natural gas since 2009, when natural gas production in the United States surpassed that of Russia, and this was the most important largest producer of petroleum hydrocarbons in the world. 2013, when its production exceeds that of Saudi Arabia, "the Energy Information Administration says.
Trump apparently exaggerated when he said that" they "would" shut him down. "At the address of the Union, Obama called on the US to they included "pure energy", but he immediately added: "Now, inter in the meantime, the natural gas boom has led to cleaner power and greater energy independence. We need to promote this. And so my administration will continue to reduce red tape and accelerate new oil and gas permits. This should be part of the overall plan. "

Oil and gas production in China

" We're lucky. You go to places like China, they don't have oil and gas. They don't have it under them – they have to go buy it and then depreciate their currency and manipulate their currency. And it costs them a fortune to go out and buy it. They injure themselves in the long run. "- Energy Speech on August 13 in Monaco, PA

First Facts : China is among the world's leading producers of oil and gas.

The US Energy Information Administration says on its website: "The EIA estimates that China has the largest reserves of technically recoverable shale gas in the world, and China was among the first countries outside North America to develop its shale gas sources." EIA ranked China 6th the largest natural gas producer in 2017 and ranked 5th for "total on oil and other liquids production in 2018
The EIA also notes from 2015 that "China has 24.6 billion barrels of proven oil reserves. The highest in the Asia-Pacific (excluding "China's oil production does not meet growing domestic demand, but the government is actively seeking to increase production.

Obama and Fracking [19659002] "The Last Administration Attempted to Close Pennsylvania Coal and Pennsylvania Fracking." – August 13 Energy Speech in Monaco, PA

Facts First : an attempt to reduce the use of coal, but he did nothing to stop the hydraulic fracturing of Pennsylvania, also known as fracking. In fact, the Marcelle Sheil fracking boom of Pennsylvania happened to Obama .

A spokesman for Marcellus Protest, a volunteer activist group in Western Pennsylvania, called Trump's claim a "pure invention," saying in an email, "We have no evidence or recollection that the Obama administration did anything to" shut down … Pennsylvania Fracking. " On the contrary, President Obama will be remembered for describing his energy policy as "everything above." "(The representative requested to be cited anonymously, since the group has no designated spokesperson.)

Obama said in his state of the Union in 2012:" This country needs a full implementation of all of the aforementioned strategy that is being developed. every available source of American energy … We have natural gas supplies that can last America for nearly 100 years. And my administration will take all possible steps to develop this energy safely. "Obama boasts of his state of the Union since 2013:" We produce more natural gas than ever before – and almost all energy bills are lower because of that. "
Obama proposed new provisions on fracking, such as one that requires companies to disclose the chemicals used in the refinement process, but that's not even close to trying to shut down the entire Pennsylvania industry.

Pennsylvania Ethane Crackers Factory

Trump made that possible. No other. Without us, you could never do this. "- August 13 Energy Speech in Monaco, PA

" And amazing things happen in Pennsylvania. We just opened a $ 10 billion plant. Many of them are going up. Many jobs … Pennsylvania, would never happen, would not allow them to split. So they could never build it. But what is this place. "- August 15 Campaign Campaign in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First : Shell announced in June 2016, during the Obama administration, that she had made the final decision to build The Federal Regulatory Commission, chaired by Trump's nominee, approved a pipeline that will feed ethane to the plant, but Trump mistakenly accepts the plant's sole credit.

Shell says key factors in its decision to build in Pennsylvania are the proximity to low cost ethane, proximity

US President Shell gave credit to Trump when he introduced him before his speech at the plant on Tuesday, saying, "We couldn't have done this without the President's focus and on energy infrastructure. This focus allowed us to break through the ground of the Falcon pipeline. "Still, 'no one else' is an obvious exaggeration.

Read the full fact check on this statement here.


Mortgage rates

"Mortgage Rates Are Constantly Low." – August 18 Exchange of Reporters

Facts First : The mortgage rates set were the lowest that were during the Trump administration, but not

Last week, Freddie Mack reported that a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage is on average 3, 6%, which is the lowest rate since November 2016. Freddie Mack said it was "close" to historically low rather than the historically low, the lowest all-time high was 3.31% in 2012.

Лихвени проценти

"Знаеш ли, казваш, че искаш ниски данъци, добро образование, силни военни, силни граници, искаш да имаш безопасно домове, искаш къща, искаш ниски лихви, имаш ниски – ей, имаш ниски лихви, най-ниските досега. " – 15 август кампания митинг в Манчестър, Ню Хемпшир

"Разходите по заеми са постоянно ниски." – 18 август обмен с репортери

Факти първо : Лихвените проценти са ниски според историческите стандарти, но не са рекордно ниски.

Има различни начини за измервайте лихвените проценти и разходите по заеми, но основните мерки не са постоянно ниски. Ефективният процент на федералните фондове, лихвеният процент, който банките взаимно таксуват за овърнайт кредитиране, беше 2,4% в края на юли; беше доста под 1% за цялото пред седателство на Обама. (Беше над 5% през 2007 г., а след това падна по време на рецесията през 2008 г.)
Самият Тръмп противоречи на това твърдение за "все по-ниски времена", като многократно отбелязва, че Обама е имал полза да работи с по-ниски лихви, отколкото има трябваше да работя.


"И всички работни места, знаете, ние поставяме рекорди по работни места. Джак, ние имаме най-голям брой хора, които работят в Съединените щати точно сега, досега, почти 160 милиона души, а равнището на безработица е най-ниското. " – Интервю на 15 август с Джак Хийт от Ню Хемпшир днес
Факти първо : Вярно е, че повече хора работят от всякога – това число има тенденция да нараства с нарастване на населението – но не и че САЩ имат най-ниския процент на безработица досега.
Коефициентът на безработица през тази пролет и лято – 3,7% всеки месец през юли и юни, 3,6% всеки месец през май и април – е най-ниската от декември 1969 г., но не е най-ниската досега. Рекордът е 2,5% през 1953 г.

Азиатскоамериканска безработица

"И чухте ме да го к звам, но сега е още по-добре. Номерата току-що излязоха. Афро-американската безработица – най-ниска в историята. Азиатски американец, испаноамерикански – най-ниският в историята на страната ни. " – 13 август енергийна реч в Монака, Пенсилвания

„Безработица за афро-американците – чували сте ме да казвам това много пъти, много се гордея с това – испаноамериканци и азиатци са достигнали най-ниските си проценти някога записан в историята на нашата страна. " – 15 август кампания на митинга в Манчестър, Ню Хемпшир

Факти Първи : Тръмп беше точен по отношение на черната и испанската степен на безработица, но не и процента за азиатците.

Черните американци са с най-ниския процент на безработица, откакто правителството започва да проследява статистическите данни за заетостта за тях, използвайки сегашната си методология (през 70-те години); Испаноамериканците бяха малко по-ниски по-рано в мандата на Тръмп, но той все още може с точност да каже, че не са били по-ниски при предишен президент.

Въпреки това, процентът за азиатците е 2,8% през юли – по-висок от 2,6% през декември 2016 г., последният пълен месец на Обама на длъжност.


„Енергийната революция създава и нови работни места в Западна Вирджиния, [New] Мексико, Колорадо, Тексас, Канзас, Луизиана, Индиана , Мичиган, Илинойс, Тенеси, Северна Каролина, Южна Каролина, навсякъде из нашата красива земя. Нямате представа какво се случва, включително, както казах преди, автомобилни компании. Не правехме автомобили. " – 13 август енергийна реч в Монака, Пенсилвания

Факти първо : Очевидно не е вярно, че „не правехме коли“, преди Тръмп да бъде президент. САЩ произвеждат 3 934 357 автомобила през 2016 г., според Международната организация на производителите на моторни превозни средства.
Производството на автомобили реално е намаляло при администрацията на Тръмп. През 2018 г. са произведени 2795 971 автомобила.

Производствени работни места

"Помнете президента Обама," Имате нужда от магия, за да върнете произво ствените работни места. Имате нужда от вълшебна пръчица. " Спомняте ли си? "Няма да се случи." Е, досега върнахме 600 000 работни места. " – 13 август енергийна реч в Монака, Пенсилвания

Факти първо : Между януари 2017 г., когато Тръмп встъпи в длъжност, и юли 2019 г., последният месец с налични данни, икономиката имаше [19659032] добави 496 000 работни места; Тръмп беше малко по-точен, ако започнете през ноември 2016 г., месеца на избирането му, но в този случай това са 523 000 работни места.

Освен това Обама не каза, че създаването на работни места „няма да се случи“. " Той каза, че някои работни места са били изгубени за добро, но също така се похвали с това, колко още се създават.

В кметството на PBS в Елкхарт, Индиана, по време на кампанията през 2016 г. Обама се подигра с Тръмп, че твърди, без да очертава конкретен план, който ще върне производствените работни места, които са били изгубени в Мексико; той попита: „Каква вълшебна пръчица имате?“

Но Обама не каза, че цялата продукция е изчезнала. Той също така отбеляза, че някои производители наистина се връщат и той се похвали, че „сме виждали повече работни места, създадени от времето, когато съм президент, отколкото всеки път от 90-те години насам“ и че „всъщност правим повече неща, имаме по-голямо производство база днес, отколкото сме имали през по-голямата част от историята си. "

Автомобилната индустрия на Мичиган

Разказвайки история за кампанията си през 2016 г. в Мичиган и предишните му оплаквания за автомобилни компании, напускащи държавата, Тръмп заяви: "В момента 17 компании се завръщат." – 15 август кампания митинг в Манчестър, Ню Хемпшир

Факти първо : Тръмп беше неясен по отношение на това, което имаше предвид от компании, но в Мичиган няма 17 автомобилни производители, и експерт по индустрията казва, че не е имало 17 автомобилни компании от всякакъв вид, които са напуснали и се връщат.

„Няма 17 производители на автомобили, които правят нещо в Мичиган, камо ли да напускат и да се връщат“, каза Кристин Джичек, заместник президент за индустрията, труда и икономиката в Центъра за автомобилни изследвания. "Най-много има девет или 10, които извършват какъвто и да е корпоративен бизнес (различен от дилъри и офиси за продажби) в държавата."

Проверката на дейността на по-малките фирми доставчици в бранша е по-трудна, но Dziczek каза, че "обратно" частта е явно невярна, тъй като "това предполага компания или завод, който е напуснал и се е върнал. Не е имало 17 промени в инвестициите в заводи, които физически са напуснали и се връщат от януари 2017 г."

Ръст на заплатите

"За първи път от 20 години заплатите се покачват …" – 15 август кампания в Манчестър, Ню Хемпшир

Първи факти : Заплатите се увеличават от 2014 г., като се използва една обща мярка.

Има различни начини за измерване на ръста на заплатите. Обикновените средни седмични приходи, един от начините, които често се цитират, започнаха да се увеличават в средата на 2014 г. – макар и бавно – сл ед спад, започнал през рецесионната година на 2009 г. Средните седмични предупреждения минаха от $ 330 на седмица през второто тримесечие на 2014 г. до 349 долара на седмица през четвъртото тримесечие на 2016 г.
Тръмп би могъл с точност да се похвали, че ръстът на заплатите по време на неговото председателство е по-бърз, отколкото при Обама, но той греши, че това е първият път, когато има увеличение през 20 години .

Популярност и постижения

Човек на годината в Мичиган

„Всъщност, пет или шест години, преди дори да се замисля да бягам, по някаква причина, наредиха ме човек на годината в Мичиган. Казах: „Как така?“ Самият аз дори не го разбрах, но бях обявен за мъж на годината. " – 15 август кампания митинг в Манчестър, Ню Хемпшир

Факти Първи : Си Ен Ен и други информационни бюра не са открили доказателства, че Тръмп някога е бил наречен Мичиган човек на годината.

Тук можете да прочетете пълната проверка на фактите.

Опиоидната епидемия

"Ние наистина много работихме върху опиоидите, както знаете, огромни съдебни дела. фармацевтични компании, а ние го намалим с 16, 17%, което е огромно. Това не удовлетворява нищо, но ние го намалим … Така че ние работим върху това, но сме намалели 17% към този момент . " – Интервю на 15 август с Адам Секстън от телевизия WMUR

Факти първо : Тръмп не обясни какво точно има предвид, но най-известната статистика, свързана с опиоидната епидемия, броят на смъртните случаи от предозиране не намалява с 16% или 17% в национален мащаб, според последните налични данни.

Смъртните случаи от предозиране са намалени с 3,4% между януари 2018 и 2019 г., според предварителните данни, публикувани от центровете за контрол и превенция на заболяванията. В Ню Хемпшир, където Тръмп говореше, когато направи тези забеле жки, това беше 6,6%.

Смъртните случаи от предозиране

"… миналата година видяхме първия общонационален спад в смъртността от предозиране на наркотици след 31 години. Това е доста невероятно. " – 15 август кампания митинг в Манчестър, Ню Хемпшир

Факти Първи : Това беше едно от преувеличенията на търговската марка на Тръмп . Смъртните случаи от предозиране намаляват през 2018 г. за първи път от 1990 г., или 28 години, според предварителни данни на Националния център за здравна статистика на Центровете за контрол и превенция на заболяванията в САЩ.

Съдебни назначения [19659006] "В рамките на следващите два месеца ще бъдем до 179 федерални съдии. Никой не би повярвал, че това е възможно. И това беше, защото президентът Обама не успя да ги завърши. Така че наследих около 138 празни места. Никой не може повярвай." – 15 август, обмен с репортери

„Не знам какво се случи с тях, но влязох в длъжност и имах 138 съдии, които не бяха назначени от президента Обама. Затова казвам:„ Благодаря, г-н председател, много добре.' И ще кажат: „Той беше страхотен президент“. Фалшивата новина: „Той беше страхотен президент“. Ако беше страхотен президент, как така ми остави 138 съдии да назначавам, когато всички казват, че това е най-важното нещо, което трябва да направи президентът на Съединените щати. " – 15 августовски митинг в Манчестър, Ню Хемпши р

"И също толкова важно, че ще имаме в рамките на още 90 дни 179 федерални съдии … Президентът Обама не си вършеше работата и наследих 138 празни позиции." – 18 август обмен с репортери

Факти първо : Тръмп не влиза в длъжност със 138 свободни работни места. Според Ръсел Уилър, гостуващ сътрудник в институцията Брукингс, който проследява съдебните назначения, в окръжните и апелативните съдилища на 1 януари 2017 г. е имало 103 свободни места, точно преди Тръмп да встъпи в длъжност, плюс свободно място във Върховния съд.

Лидерът на мажоритарното мнозинство в републиканския сенат Мич Макконъл блокира потвърждаването на много от съдебните кандидати на Обама в края на мандата му.

Тълпата в Ню Хемпшир

"Вижте, имахме, мисля, че казаха , 17 000 души навън, които не можаха да влязат. Огъните маршали го затварят на определено ниво. Арената обяви – не познавам хората на арената – че счупих рекорда на Елтън Джон. " – 18 август обмен с репортери

Факти първо : Тръмп наруши рекордите за посещаемост на арената и победи Елтън Джон, но той преувеличава количеството на хората, останали извън неспособността за да влезе.

Генералният мениджър на SNHU Arena Джейсън Пери потвърди, че Тръмп има по-голяма тълпа от Джон в Манчестър, казвайки, че Тръмп има над 11 500 души, а Джон малко под 11 400. Но Пери също каза: "Що се отнася до външната страна, най-добрата оценка ще бъде между 3500 и 4000, които се събраха и не можаха да влязат."

Мич Кади, пожарният маршал, назначен на митинга на Тръмп, заяви, че препълнената тълпа отвън изглежда по-близо до половината от твърдението на президента. "Преценихме, че консервативният размер е в балния парк от 8-9 000 души. Отново, това е само приблизителна оценка въз основа на фактори, които използваме за установяване на натоварване на пътниците и квадратните кадри, които тълпата поемаше", каза Кади. [19659002] Цените на лекарствата с рецепта

"Нашата амбициозна кампания за намаляване на цената на лекарствата, отпускани по лекарско предписание, доведе до най-големия спад в цените на лекарствата за 51 години и единствения спад за 51 години." – 15 август кампания митинг в Манчестър, Ню Хемпшир

Факти първо : Това беше леко преувеличение. Цените на лекарствата с рецепта спаднаха миналата година за първи път от 46 години според една от няколко мерки.

Индексът на потребителските цени за лекарства с рецепта показа спад от 0,6% между декември 2017 г. и декември 2018 г., първият календар- годишен спад от 1972 г. Както The Washington Post посочи в собствената си неотдавнашна проверка на фактите, някои експерти казват, че индексът на потребителските цени е недостатъчна мярка за тенденциите в цените на лекарствата, тъй като не включва отстъпки, които лекарствените компании плащат на застрахователите. [19659007] Институтът за наука за човешките данни IQVIA, който проучва цените на лекарствата, установи, че „нетните цени на наркотиците в Съединените щати са се увеличили с приблизително 1,5% през 2018 г.“ Тръмп може разумно да цитира индекса на потребителските цени. Той е току-що прекъснат броя на годините.

Право да се опита

„И за да помогнем на пациенти с животозастрашаващи заболявания, ние също преминахме нещо, с което се гордея – 44 години те не можеха Няма да мине. Право да се опита. " — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: There had not been a 44-year push for a federal Right to Try law, experts said.

Similar laws have been passed at the state level only since 2014, after the Goldwater Institute, a libertarian think tank, began pushing for them.

Right to Try laws seek to make it easier for terminally ill patients to access experimental medications that have not received Food and Drug Administration approval for widespread use.

"I have no idea what 'they've been trying to get' for 44 years. The Right to Try law was a creation of the Goldwater Institute, and it first became state law in 2014 (in Colorado), relatively soon after it was first conceived of," said Alison Bateman-House, assistant professor of medical ethics at New York University's Langone Health.

Veterans Choice

"And we're taking care of our military, and we're taking care of our vets. Veterans Choice: You've been hearing it about for 45 years. I got it approved. Veterans Choice. We're taking care of our veterans. We're taking care of our military like never, ever before." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

"You look at the military, you look at what we've done with VA Choice, we had VA Choice approved. I used to talk about it all the time in New Hampshire. We got VA Choice approved." — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today

"From forever, five decades, we passed for our great veterans VA Choice… " — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Trump did not get the Veterans Choice program passed. The program was signed into law by Obama in 2014.

In 2018, Trump signed the VA MISSION Act, which expanded and changed the Choice program.

Trump was not clear at the rally about what he meant by "five decades," but he has previously claimed that people had been trying to get Veterans Choice passed for "44 years."

Electoral votes in 2016

"They came from the hills, they came from the mountains, from the rivers, they came from all over the place. And they showed up, and they voted like nobody's seen before and it was 306 to 223, remember?" — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Hillary Clinton earned 232 electoral votes to Trump's 306, not 223. This was not a one-time slip: Trump has habitually said it was "223" for Clinton.

Visits to Pennsylvania

"And this is my 13th visit to Pennsylvania during my administration, which is more than any other president to this point in the term." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: According to CBS News White House correspondent Mark Knollerwho has been maintaining comprehensive records on presidential travel since 1996, George W. Bush had made 21 visits to Pennsylvania at the same point in his term.

Beaver County, Pennsylvania

"This Shell petrochemical plant in Beaver County, Pennsylvania — I did very well here. We did very well. How many points did we win by? Does anybody know? I'll tell you. Isn't it, I think, 28 points? That's a lot." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Trump won Beaver County by 18.7 points in 2016, not 28 points.

Trump received 57.6% of the vote in the county, Hillary Clinton 38.9%.

The time of day

"Now, the press will try and spin that differently, but I'm right, okay? The fake news. That's a lot of people back there for a — like an 11 o'clock speech. That's a lot of people. That's a lot." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: The speech was scheduled to begin at 2:10 p.m. Trump made this comment at about 2:40 p.m.

This might well have been a slip rather than intentional deception, but Trump was using the inaccurate time of day to suggest that the size of the media crowd was especially impressive, so we're counting it.

Wollman Rink renovation

"Even when I was doing the Wollman Rink, the city couldn't build it. Took them nine years. They had no idea what they were doing." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Trump took over the renovation of the Wollman Rink in Central Park in 1986 after the city attempted to renovate it for six yearsnot nine.

Wollman rink size

"And I had that whole big — about 70,000 feet — it's like a massive office floor, bigger than an office floor." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Wollman Rink in New York City's Central Park, which Trump renovated in the 1980s, is 33,000 square feetaccording to the Central Park website.

Mental institutions

"They closed so many — like 92% — of the mental institutions around this country over the years, for budgetary reasons." — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: There is no evidence that backs up the President's claim that 92% of mental institutions have closed. He appeared to be conflating a decrease in the number of available beds at mental hospitals with the institutions themselves.

While the number of mental institutions has not decreased as drastically as Trump claims, the Treatment Advocacy Centre, a national nonprofit "dedicated to eliminating barriers to the timely and effective treatment of severe mental illness," found that the amount of staffed state mental hospital beds has decreased by 96.5% from peak hospital population numbers in the 1950s to 2016.

D. Imelda Padilla-Frausto, a research scientist at UCLA's Center for Health Policy Research, said she thinks Trump has "misunderstood" the situation.

"There has never been a time period in the US where 92% of mental institutions were closed," Padilla-Frausto told CNN. "From 1950 to 2015 there has only been a 39% reduction in state and county psychiatric hospitals — which are often referred to as 'mental institutions.' As of the most recent data in 2017, there has actually been about a 5% increase."


Democrats and the economy

"Our Economy is very strong, despite the horrendous lack of vision by Jay Powell and the Fed, but the Democrats are trying to 'will' the Economy to be bad for purposes of the 2020 Election. Very Selfish!" — August 19 tweet

Facts First: There is no evidence the Democrats are trying to damage the economy to hurt Trump.

Many Democrats have called on Trump to end his trade war with China, which has been cited by many economic analysts as a major factor impeding economic growth. Democrats have also urged him to pass a major infrastructure spending bill, which would serve as economic stimulus.

Joe Biden

"I think Sleepy Joe may be able to limp across the finish line. But today they announced that they're going to cut way back on his appearances because he is such a disaster, they're going to have fewer appearances. You've heard that, right? This is certain. They're going to cut way back on his appearances. Can you believe it? If I ever did that, it would be over." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Former Vice President Joe Biden's campaign did not announce that he would be cutting back on his appearances.

Trump was likely referring to an article in The Hill that said unnamed Biden "allies" were "floating" the idea of limiting his schedule to reduce his gaffes — but the article also quoted deputy campaign manager Kate Bedingfield as saying Biden didn't plan to change his approach.

Democrats' health care plans

"Every major Democrat running for president supports a massive government takeover of health care that would raid Medicare and destroy the private health insurance plans of millions of American families that they love." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Biden, the frontrunner in the Democratic polls, is proposing to allow people to keep their private insurance plans. So are several other candidatesincluding South Bend, Indiana, Mayor Pete Buttigieg, Minnesota Sen. Amy Klobuchar and Montana Gov. Steve Bullock.
Biden's plan would let people opt into a program similar to Medicare, but they could also stay on their current insurance if they preferred.

"Medicare for All" health care proposals endorsed by other Democratic presidential candidates, like Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders and Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren, would mandate a Medicare-style single-payer system for everyone. These plans would indeed ban private insurance except for supplemental coverage for anything not covered by the single-payer system.

Sanders' bill, which Warren has co-sponsored, would indeed replace the current Medicare program with a new national program. But his proposal is essentially to offer a more generous version of Medicare to a greater number people, so it is misleading to say such plans would "raid" Medicare and not make clear that Medicare enrollees would still be covered.

Democrats and the border

"Yet Democrats want to open borders and Republicans want strong borders. That's your difference. One wants open borders. Who can even think of an open border? Think of it." And: "Democrats want open borders, they don't mind crime. We do mind crime. And that's the way it is." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

"All my rhetoric is that we have to have borders, they want to have open borders." — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today

"Democrats want Open Borders and Crime! So dangerous for our Country." — August 19 tweet

Facts First: Some Democrats, including Warren and former secretary of Housing and Urban Development Julián Castro, another Democratic presidential candidate, have advocated for a significant loosening of immigration law, including a decriminalization of the act of illegally crossing the border. But none of them have proposed literally opening the border to unrestricted migration.

During the Trump era, Democrats have voted for billions of dollars' worth of fencing and other border security measures. In 2018, Democratic leaders offered Trump $25 billion for border security in exchange for a path to citizenship for the "Dreamers," young undocumented immigrants brought to the US illegally as children.

Obama's book deal

"I got sued on a thing called 'emoluments.' Emoluments. You ever hear the word? Nobody ever heard of it before. They went back. Now, nobody looks at Obama getting $60 million for a book. That's okay. Even though nobody in history ever got that money for a book. Obama got $60 million. Think of it: $60 million for a book. Nobody looks." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Obama did not receive $60 million for "a book." Barack Obama and Michelle Obama secured a reported $65 million joint deal for a book by each of them.
Also, of course, the Obamas received their book deal in 2017, while out of office. The Constitution's emoluments clause is about payments from foreign governments to current officeholders.
Michelle Obama's book, "Becoming," has spent 39 weeks on The New York Times hardcover nonfiction bestseller list. The parent company of its publisher said in March that it had sold nearly 10 million copies.

The $65 million figure would make the deal the largest book deal involving a former president, with a former first lady or not.

Foreign affairs and the military

Payments to Greenland

"It's hurting Denmark very badly because they're losing almost $700 million a year carrying it. So they carry it at a great loss." — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: Denmark's annual subsidy to Greenland, an autonomous territory of Denmark, is for less than $600 million.

According to a representative from Greenland's Ministry of Finance, Head of Division Anders Fonnesbech-Wulff, the grant for 2019 is expected to amount to 3.86 billion Danish kroner (DKK), which is approximately $573 million. The amount has increased slightly over the years, from $547 million (3.68 billion DKK) in 2016 to $553 million (3.72 billion DKK) in 2017 to $568 million (3.82 billion DKK) in 2018. All US dollar amounts are based on the Tuesday exchange rate.

The Iran deal

"You saw we ended the Iran disaster. How about that? We paid them $150 billion, $1.8 billion in cash. Cash, cash, cash. We got nothing." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: The second figure is roughly correct, but the first is exaggerated.

The Iran nuclear deal allowed the country to access tens of billions in its own assets that had been frozen in foreign financial institutions because of sanctions; experts say the total was significantly lower than $150 billion.

Trump did not invent the $150 billion figure out of thin air: Obama himself mused in a 2015 interview about Iran having "$150 billion parked outside the country." But experts on Iran policy, and Obama's own administration, said that the quantity of assets the agreement actually made available to Iran was much lower.

In 2015, Treasury Secretary Jack Lew put the number at $56 billion. PolitiFact reported that Garbis Iradian, chief economist at the Institute of International Finance, put it at about $60 billion.
Adam Szubin, a senior Treasury Department official, testified to Congress in 2015 that the "usable liquid assets" would total "a little more than $50 billion." The rest of Iran's foreign assets, he said, were either tied up in "illiquid" projects "that cannot be monetized quickly, if at all, or are composed of outstanding loans to Iranian entities that cannot repay them."

As Trump regularly notes, the Obama administration did send Iran $1.7 billion to settle a decades-old dispute over a purchase of US military goods Iran made before its government was overthrown in the Islamic Revolution of 1979.

The war in Afghanistan

"Just completed a very good meeting on Afghanistan. Many on the opposite side of this 19 year war, and us, are looking to make a deal – if possible!" — August 16 tweet

"I think just that we've been there for 19 years. We're like a police force." — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: This was a small exaggeration. The US invaded Afghanistan in October 2001, less than 18 years ago. This was not a one-time slip though; Trump habitually says "19 years."

NATO spending

"And my biggest fan is Secretary General (Jens) Stoltenberg from NATO. He said, 'Until President Trump came along, we were going like' [moves hand in a downward sloping motion] boom, they would have been finished very quickly." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Military spending by NATO members other than the US was not declining, nor was NATO on the brink of being "finished," prior to Trump's presidency.

According to official NATO figures, spending increased by 1.8% in 2015 and 2.6% in 2016, before Trump took office. Trump-era increases have been higher — 6% in 2017 and an estimated 3.8% in 2018 — and Stoltenberg has credited Trump for his role in prompting the increase. But the upward trend started two years before Trump's tenure began.
In 2014, NATO countries who were not yet meeting the alliance guideline of spending 2% of their Gross Domestic Product on defense re-committed to meeting the target. Spending began rising after that.

Venezuela's wealth

"You see what happened to Venezuela with socialism. Venezuela 15 years ago was one of richest countries. Now, they don't have water, they don't have food, they don't have anything." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Venezuela was not one of the world's richest countries 15 years ago.

The International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook ranked Venezuela 67th in the world in 2004 by GDP per capita, at $4,019 (US) — better than more than half of the world's countries, but nowhere near the top.

"Venezuela was one of the richest countries in the world 60 years ago. The richest in Latin America 40 years ago. But not 20 years ago," Ricardo Hausmann, a former Venezuelan planning minister and central bank board member, said in response to a previous version of this Trump claim. Hausmann, now a Harvard University professor of economic development, was chief economist of the Inter-American Development Bank from 1994 to 2000.

The Golan Heights

"And just three months ago, we also recognized the Golan Heights as being a part of and protected by Israel." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Trump recognized Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights in Marchnearly five months prior. (He has often moved the date of past achievements closer to the present.)

Military planes

"When I took over our military was sad. We weren't flying half of our planes, they were old." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: In fiscal year 2016, 72.1% of the Air Force's fleet was flyable. It was 71.3% in fiscal year 2017, the Air Force Times reported.

The readiness of Air Force planes was on the decline before Trump took office, but "we weren't flying half our planes" is an exaggeration.


Who is paying for the tariffs on China

"No, we're doing this for Christmas season, just in case some of the tariffs would have an impact on US customers, which, so far, they've had virtually none." — August 13 exchange with reporters
"Through massive devaluation of their currency and pumping vast sums of money into their system, the tens of billions of dollars that the U.S. is receiving is a gift from China. Prices not up, no inflation. Farmers getting more than China would be spending. Fake News won't report!" — August 13 tweet
"Good things were stated on the call with China the other day. They are eating the Tariffs with the devaluation of their currency and 'pouring' money into their system." — August 14 tweet
"We are winning, big time, against China. Companies & jobs are fleeing. Prices to us have not gone up, and in some cases, have come down." — August 14 tweet

"We are taking in billions of dollars in tariffs. And again, China is devaluing their currency, they're pouring out money, the prices haven't gone up. So that means we are taking in billions of dollars, we are not paying for it and ultimately their devaluations are going to hurt them very badly." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

"The tariffs have really bitten into China. They haven't bitten into us at all — except for the reporters that want to make it look that way, but they don't understand what's happening. The tariffs, we've taken in close to $60 billion in tariff money. And the consumer has not paid for them. Now, at some point, they may have to pay something. But they understand that." — August 15 exchange with reporters

"Import prices down, China eating Tariffs." — August 18 tweet

"…We're not paying for the tariffs, China is paying for the tariffs, for the 100th time. And I understand tariffs very well. Other countries, it may be that if I do things with other countries, but in the case of China, China is eating the tariffs, at least so far." — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: American importers make the actual tariff payments, and economic studies have found that Americans, not people and companies in China, have borne most of the cost.

This same week, Trump acknowledged at least the possibility that tariffs on China might hurt US consumers when he delayed planned additional tariffs until December 15. Peter Navarro, his trade adviser, described the move as a "Christmas present to the nation."

A March paper from economists at Columbia, Princeton and the New York Federal Reserve found that the "full incidence" of Trump's tariffs has fallen on domestic companies and consumers — costing them $3 billion a month by the end of 2018. The paper also found that the tariffs led to a reduction in US income by $1.4 billion a month.
A separate academic paper also found that the tariffs led to higher consumer prices. It estimated that the tariffs will result in a $7.8 billion-per-year decline in income.
The White House's Economic Report of the President also acknowledged that American consumers do pay some of the cost of these tariffs. Domestic producers, according to the report, benefit from price increases from the tariffs, but "offsetting these benefits are the costs paid by consumers in the form of higher prices and reduced consumption."

Some Chinese suppliers might take on some of the burden of the tariff by reducing their prices to maintain a market in the United States, but these studies show that the burden heavily falls on US consumers and companies.

Trade deficit with China

"China is taking out $500 billion a year, and much more than that, if you include the theft of intellectual property." — August 13 exchange with reporters

"China has taken out over $500 billion a year for many years from our country. And that's not going to happen anymore." And: "We can't allow China to take, out of our country, $507 billion every year, not including intellectual property theft and so many other things." — August 15 exchange with reporters

"China is ripping our country like has never happened before in history with any country. They were taking out $500 billion a year, $500 billion, and that's not including intellectual property theft, which they were stealing like crazy." — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today

"While others allowed China to freely loot the US economy, $500 billion dollars a year. Not million, not million. Billion, with a B." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: The US has never had a $500 billion trade deficit with China.

The 2018 deficit was $381 billion when all kinds of trade were considered, $420 billion when counting goods alone and excluding services. Those were both record figures.

We'll ignore Trump's suggestion that a trade deficit amounts to China taking or looting money from the US, which is rejected by most economists.

Farmers and China

"And by the way, the biggest beneficiary, you know who have been great? Our great farmers have been so incredible because they have been targeted by China." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: While farmers have not unequivocally benefited from the tariffs, the Trump administration has attempted to compensate for losses due to tariffs as part of the ongoing trade war between the US and China.

The New York Times reported on July 15 that Trump's tariffs on China had generated about $21 billion as of July 10. As Trump noted later last week, he has promised a total of $28 billion in aid to farmers over the last two years — so the tariff revenue so far does not even cover the cost of his pledge.
Many farmers and agricultural groups continue to speak out about the harm the tariffs are causing them and to say that they would prefer the elimination of the tariffs to continued government aid.

Trade deficit with Japan

"I told (Japanese) Prime Minister (Shinzo) Abe — great guy. I said, 'Listen, we have a massive deficit with Japan.'…But the deficit is massive, which — changing rapidly…But we're losing $78 billion." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: The US trade deficit with Japan in goods and services was $58 billion in 2018. It was $68 billion when counting trade in goods alone and ignoring trade in services.

Exports to Japan

"Many car plants — they're coming in from Japan. I told Prime Minister Abe — great guy. I said, 'Listen, we have a massive deficit with Japan.' They send thousands and thousands — millions — of cars. We send them wheat. Wheat. That's not a good deal. And they don't even want our wheat. They do it because they want us to at least feel that we're okay. You know, they do it to make us feel good." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: The US exports far more than just wheat to Japan. Japan is the 4th biggest export market for the US, buying $120.4 billion in US goods and services in 2018.

In 2018, the US exported to Japan $8.8 billion in mineral fuels, $8.2 billion in machinery, $7.5 billion in optical and medical instruments and $13 billion in agricultural products, according to the Office of the US Trade Representative.

Wheat is not even the top agricultural export to Japan. Wheat exports totaled $698 million in 2018, behind corn, beef, pork and soybeans.

There is no apparent basis for Trump's claim that Japan only buys US wheat to make Americans feel good.

The steel industry

"Pennsylvania steel raised the skyscrapers that built our cities. And, by the way, steel — steel was dead. Your business was dead. Okay? I don't want to be overly crude. Your business was dead." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: It is not true that "steel was dead" before Trump imposed his tariffs last year. Though US Steel had significantly declined from its heyday and had faltered for much of the decade, it had earned a profit in 2017. Other American steel companies, notably Nucor, were thriving before the tariffs.

Bloomberg reported in an October 2018 fact check: "In fact, US steelmakers Nucor Corp. and Steel Dynamics Inc. were two of the healthiest commodity companies in the world before Trump took office." Nucor reported consolidated net earnings of $1.3 billion for 2017 and $796 million for 2016. Steel Dynamics earned $813 million in 2017 and $382 million in 2016.

Once-dominant US Steel, a company Trump has regularly referenced, earned $387 million in 2017, the year before Trump imposed the tariffs. The company had struggled so badly in the years prior that it was dropped in 2014 from the S&P 500 stock index, but it was certainly not dead.

Steel plants before the tariffs

"I'll tell you what: Those steel mills — US Steel and all of them, all of them — they're expanding all over the place. New mills. New expansions. We hadn't have — we didn't have a new mill built in 30 years, and now we have many of them going up." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: It is not true that no steel mills had been built in 30 years prior to Trump's presidency or prior to his tariffs.

V&M Star announced a $650 mill in Ohio in 2010. Big River Steel announced a $1 billion mill in Arkansas in 2013. Benteler Steel/Tube broke ground on a $975 million mill in Louisiana the same year.

Various other plants were idled or closed over the past 30 years, but it's simply false that none were built.

World Trade Organization record

"And, you know, we were losing all our cases until I came along. We were losing all our cases in the World Trade Organization. Almost every case, we were — lost, lost, lost. They thought we were stupid. They were the ones ruling. And then I came along. Now we're winning a lot of cases because they know that they're not on very solid ground. We will leave, if we have to. An d a ll of the sudden, we're winning a lot of cases. We're winning most of our cases. And it's only because of attitude, because we know that they have been screwing us for years. And it's not going to happen any longer. They get it. They get it. So they're giving us victories. They're giving us victories." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: There is no basis for Trump's claim that the US was losing "all" of its WTO cases before he came along. Contrary to Trump's repeated assertion, the US has long been successful in WTO disputes: his own Council of Economic Advisers said in a report in February 2018 that the US had won 86% of the cases it has brought since 1995.

The global average was 84% and China's figure 67%. As is standard for the WTO, the US tended to lose cases where it is defending the case rather than bringing it — but even in those cases, Trump's advisers noted that it did better (25% victory rate) than the world average (17% ) or China's record (just 5%).

A Bloomberg Law review in March of this year found that the US success rate in cases it brings to the WTO had increased extremely slightly since Trump took office, fro m 84.8% in 20 16 to 85.4%. So there's a kernel of truth to Trump's claim, but an increase of 0.6 percentage points does not seem to justify his story about his "attitude" producing a significant change.

The WTO and China

"By the way, World Trade Organization, it made China. China made themselves. They did a good job. But they ripped off our country for years, and with our money and World Trade Organization backing. And then they took advantage of the rules of the World Trade Organization. And I'm being nice when I say 'took advantage.' Much more than 'took advantage.' They went up like a rocket ship. They were flat-lined for 100 years. And then, one day, World Trade Organization — a terrible move." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: China's economy was not "flat-lined for 100 years" before it became a member of the World Trade Organization in late 2001. China had experienced significant growth for years prior.

According to World Bank figures, China grew by 7.7% in 1999, 8.5% in 2000 and 8.3% in 2001. It then grew by 9.1% in 2002, 10.0% in 2003 and 10.1% in 2004. Its post-WTO growth peaked at 14.2% in 2007 — almost identical to its growth in 1992.

Nicholas Lardy of the Peterson Institute for International Economics wrote in 2008: "China has been the fastest growing economy in the world over almost three decades, expanding at 10 per cent per year in real terms." In an email to CNN in July, when Trump made another version of this comment, Lardy said, "Uninformed would be the best characterization of the President's comment."

Japan and auto plants

"But what they're doing is they're buying a lot of our stuff, including our military equipment. They're building car plants now in the United States — in Michigan, in Pennsylvania. Many, many of the Japanese car companies are coming over and building car plants in the United States." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Japanese automakers are not building new plants in Michigan and Pennsylvania. Two Japanese automakers, Toyota and Mazda, have announced plans to build a US plant during Trump's presidency; their joint venture is under construction in Alabama.

Trump has said since last year that Japan's Abe, has told him that more Japanese automakers will soon announce major US investments. But none of the companies has announced a new US plant since Toyota and Mazda introduced the joint venture in early 2018.

"There are no Japanese automakers currently building plants or making announcements that they plan to build manufacturing plants in Michigan or Pennsylvania," said Kristin Dziczek, the Center for Automotive Research's vice president for industry, labor and economics.

Japanese automakers have made additional investments in existing facilities.

Tariff revenue

"I just see where we've collected close to $59 billion in tariffs so far. And, in my opinion, the consumer has not paid for it because of the devaluation by China. They devalued and they pumped a lot of money into their system. So, it's really been an amazing — it's been an amazing period of time." And: "The only impact has been that we've collected almost $60 billion from China — compliments of China." — August 13 exchange with reporters

Facts First: The figure that is close to $60 billion is for revenue generated by duties on all countries this year, not just tariffs on China.

In its monthly report to Congress for July, the Treasury Department noted that the US has collected $57 billion in customs duties this year.
The New York Times reported in July that Trump's tariffs on China had generated $20.8 billion as of then.

US Steel

"Together, we're restoring this nation's industrial might and we are doing it with American iron, American aluminum and American steel. We're doing steel. Steel industry is hot. They were dumping steel all over. They were destroying our companies. US Steel now, all of them — they're all expanding. The steel industry is back, it's doing great." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: We give Trump broad leeway to claim that the industry is doing well, but US Steel is not currently expanding. It announced in June that it would idle two of its blast furnaces in the US, one in Indiana and one in Michigan, plus another furnace in Europe.
US Steel revealed the week after Trump spoke that it would temporarily lay off 200 workers at the Michigan facility. Though the company has been profitable since Trump imposed his tariffs on foreign steel last year, its stock price has plummeted more than 70%.

The New York Times

"The New York Times will be out of business soon after I leave office, hopefully in 6 years. They have Zero credibility and are losing a fortune, even now, especially after their massive unfunded liability. I'm fairly certain they'll endorse me just to keep it all going!" — August 18 tweet

Facts First: The New York Times Company is making profits and is not on the verge of going out of business.

Two weeks before Trump's tweet, the company announced second quarter operating profit of $37.9 million. Its first quarter operating profit was $34.6 million.

Building the wall

"Think of it, we protect the border of South Korea, but we don't protect our own border. But now we are. And the wall is being built…The wall is being — and we're going to have a lot of it. We're going to have anywhere from 400 to 500 miles built by the end of next year. We're building a lot of wall and we need it." — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

"…We're building the wall. It's going up now, you know, we won the big lawsuit three weeks ago. The wall is proceeding very rapidly. We need it." — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today

"…the Wall is under major construction! " — August 15 tweet

"…and by the way, the wall is being built." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Nothing resembling the wall Trump campaigned on has been built at any speed. Zero additional miles of border barriers had been erected as of mid-June.

About 50 miles have been built over his two and a half years in office, but all of them are replacement barriers rather than additional miles.

According to Customs and Border Protection, 47 miles "of new border barriers in place of dilapidated design" had been completed as of June 14. The Washington Examiner reported on July 20 that the total was up to 51 miles of such replacement barriers, but that no additional miles had been built. (Customs and Border Protection did not respond to our request for updated information in the wake of the Examiner story.)

Trump has started arguing since this spring that replacement fencing should be counted by the media as his "wall," since he is replacing ineffective old barriers with effective modern ones. This is subjective, but we think it's fair to focus on the new barriers he promised during his campaign.

Pre-existing conditions

"And you have to remember this: Republicans, and I speak for every one of them, we will always protect pre-existing conditions. We are going to protect, always." — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: We usually don't fact-check promises, but this one has already proved untrue. The Trump administration and congressional Republicans have repeatedly put forward bills and lawsuits that would weaken Obamacare's protections for people with pre-existing conditions.
Trump is currently supporting a Republican lawsuit that is seeking to declare all of Obamacare void. He has not issued a plan to reinstate the law's protections for people with pre-existing conditions if the suit succeeds.

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