The debate over the potential harm and benefits of vaping has been raging for years. The results of a great test in the United Kingdom, however, provided the propaganda country with the greatest victory. People who try to quit smoking have been found to be almost twice as likely to succeed for one year if they use electronic cigarettes compared to people who adhere to typical nicotine replacement therapy. On Wednesday, nearly 900 smokers were hired in the UK. All smokers had gone to specialized centers to help them leave. There were randomly assigned one of two interventions.
One group received quarterly supplies with standard discontinuation treatment of their choice, such as nicotine resin, patches or sucking tablets. The other was given a starter kit for electronic cigarettes, along with several e-juice bottles, and these people were encouraged to keep moving. Both groups were given weekly counseling sessions for at least one month. To measure objectively their progress, they also control the levels of carbon monoxide breathing (a common toxin in cigarette smoke that is retained in the exhaled air). may feel a strong desire to smoke. They also felt less irritated or unable to focus a week in an attempt to quit. And most importantly, at every point in the study, these consumers are more likely to refrain from smoking completely. By the 52nd week, 1
This may not seem like a great success, but it is difficult to give up smoking. Even the success rate of nicotine replacement therapy observed in this study is actually quite high compared to other studies measuring its effectiveness. Consumers of electronic cigarettes are also more likely to reduce their smoking by 50% or more, even if they have not completely given up.
"This is a well-designed and very necessary study that may have a clinically important impact and policy implications for the use of electronic cigarettes to help end the use," said Scott Weaver, an epidemiologist at the Public Health School at the State University of Georgia, who is not connected with the new study. Find out how well electronic cigarettes can help smokers stop. But some studies (including one from Weaver) have shown no real benefit compared to other stop options. According to the authors, however, they are the first clinical trial that tests modern electronic cigarettes in people who are actively trying to quit. These devices now often have more nicotine and are available in more convenient form than the first-generation devices.
"Something people do not often recognize is how vaping products have become much better substitutes for cigarettes over time. The results are not so surprising, said David Levy, a professor of oncology at the University of Georgetown University of Medicine, which is not related to research. Another important factor, according to Sven-Eric Jordan, an anesthesiologist, pharmacologist and cancer biologist at Duke University who studied the potential health risks of evaporation, is how these patients were treated. "The study was conducted under medical supervision and with medical behavioral support for smokers who have tried to quit," said Jordan, who is unrelated to the study. "This does not support the unrestricted availability of electronic cigarettes."
Adds Weaver: "The results of this study show that under these conditions, electronic cigarettes improve the likelihood of quitting smoking, but smokers generally do not use electronic cigarettes under such conditions
For example, Weaver , most smokers here are not fed daily, or regularly smoke.Kulture in the UK around smoking and electronic cigarettes also differs from the United States
The UK has already welcomed the idea of using electronic cigarettes such as In 2015, the government's Public Health Agency, England, approved an independent report according to which electronic cigarettes are significantly less harmful than tobacco cigarettes and should be seen as a way to help smokers stop smoking. also on board with the latest discoveries. "This remarkable study shows that switching to an electronic cigarette may be one of the most effective ways to quit smoking, especially in combination with personal support. Martin Dokret, head of the Department for Tobacco Control in Public Health in England, said in a statement. "All smoking cessation services should welcome smokers who want to stop using an electronic cigarette."
But Jordan noted that newer devices such as Juul Pod have recently arrived in the UK. These devices have up to three times more nicotine than the devices used in the clinical trial. Julie's rapid popularity among teenagers in the United States, which has raised fears that this may lead more young people to take the tobacco and change the success we see in lowering smoking levels among young people, may explain the more reluctant attitude of doctors in United States.
While some studies (including Levy's) cast doubt on the idea that teenagers will cause more smoking among young people, agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration are pushing for policies that will limit aromatized electronic cigarettes are widely available in stores or online. Some countries, including Vermont, are even floating bills to ban the sale of fragrances.
Another problem that Jordan has for e-cigarettes is that many consumers will never stop using them. Even in this study, about 80% of people still regularly evaporate by the end of the year. Ideally, you would like people to get rid of nicotine and potentially harmful toxins provided by electronic cigarettes. But it may well be the price that is worth paying.
"This is a problem. But the people who change are still likely to have lower health risks, "Levy said. Despite the impressive findings, Levy and the other experts Gismomo spoke said that more research is still needed in the US and elsewhere, using newer devices before physicians can fully support evaporation as an aid a remedy for eliminating standard treatment (probably
"Caution is needed," Levy said, "Smokers need to recognize the importance of a complete switch to electronic cigarettes, but I think they can play an important role."  [NEJM via Queen Mary University of London]