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ESA Rosalind Franklin Mars Rosalind receives instruments



ESA's Rosalind Franklin Mars Rover has received the full range of scientific tools it will use to search for signs from past or present life on the Red Planet. At the Airbus Defense and Space Facility in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, England, the drone is equipped with an array of sensors, including the most sophisticated camera that will be sent to the Martian surface.

Named for the British scientist Rosalind Franklin, whose work in crystallography helped map the structure of a DNA molecule, the rover is a key part of the ExoMars 2020 mission, scheduled to launch between July 26 and August 1

3, 2020. This will be the second phase of the ESA / Roscosmos Joint Mission to the Red Planet – the first is the trace gas orbiter (TGO) launched in 2016, which is currently in Mars orbit.

Franklin's primary mission is to search for geological evidence of the life of Mars at some time in the distant past of the planet, when it was much more humid and had a denser atmosphere or signs of the modern life of germs that can still to exist in buried areas. To achieve this, the Kazachok landing platform will deposit Franklin on an ancient seabed near the equator near the Oxia Planum.

Once at the station, the rover will search for preserved areas of ancient stratigraphy that have only (geologically) time) been discovered. She will then carry her tools, led by PanCam. Sitting at 2 meters (6.6 feet) high, this state-of-the-art image boasts of stereo and high-resolution cameras for creating 3D navigation maps as well as for exploring and collecting data in visible and close proximity infrared spectral wavelengths

According to ESA, PanCam will work in conjunction with its infrared, neutron and multiwave spectrometers and drills capable of drilling depths up to 2 m (6.6 feet) below the Martian surface. These drill samples will then be returned to the rover for onboard analysis with a focus on the search for biosignatures such as amino acids.

In addition, a training camera built by the Netherlands will make close-up images of the soil while monitoring drilling. operations, or when the drill is retracted, providing additional views from the front of the rover. Rounding the apartment is an underground radar to look for traces of water or ice under the soil.

The Space Agency says that the rover is ending and is scheduled to be shipped to Toulouse, France, where it will pass environmental tests before being sent to Cannes for mating with the iris and integration with the launch module and carrier module. It will then be deployed on a Proton-M Russian missile in anticipation of its launch and arrival on Mars in March 2021. "

" Our rover has really taken shape, says Jorge Vago, a scientist at ESA Rover ExverMars. "We have an incredibly powerful scientific payload to explore the surface and superstructure of Mars in our quest to find biosignatures."

The video below shows how ESA tested Rosalind Franklin.

Sources: ESA, United Kingdom Space Agency [19659011] window.fbAsyncInit = function () {
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