Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ World https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Evo Morales resigns as Bolivian president after audit of OAS elections, protests

Evo Morales resigns as Bolivian president after audit of OAS elections, protests



The resignation was a meaningless end to a 13-year term in which Bolivia's first indigenous president battled poverty and transformed cities with public investment, even as criticism of his authoritarian tendencies increased. But in the end, the 60-year-old socialist, who once commanded landslide victories, turned out to be isolated – both the leaders of the armed forces and the police urged Morales to step down, and the country's main union asked him to resign if it calmed [19659002] Morales' resignation followed that of several socialist ministers and deputies as tensions in the poorest country in South America increased. The leader of the Chamber of Deputies of the Morales Socialist Movement, Victor Borda, resigned after his home in the mountainous town of Potosi was set on fire and his brother was captured by a group of opposition protesters.

The Bolivian Election Commission had shown that Morales had defeated his closest rival by just over 1

0 percent, the margin needed to avoid the run-off. If the vote went to the second round, Morales and his Socialists would likely face a more united opposition with a good shot at his release.

At a briefly organized press conference in La Paz Morales, he said Sunday that he would accept the recommendation of the OAS, a Washington-based multilateral institution composed of Western Hemisphere states, and replace the election commission, which accuses the organization of monitoring major "irregularities" .

"I decided to call a new national election so that, by vote, the Bolivian people would be allowed to democratically elect their new authorities," said Morales.

Former President Carlos Mesa, who finished second to Morales in a vote last month , stated that Morales should not be a candidate in the new election because he was "responsible for the fraud that caused this social convulsion."

Morales, asked by local reporters if he planned to run, did not respond. [19659002] "For the time being, applications must be a secondary consideration "The priority is to appease Bolivia, go to dialogue and agree on how to change the Supreme Electoral Tribunal working with the Legislative Assembly."

But he said he would not resign: "I have a constitutional my role and the period ends on January 21 next year. "

But Morales's plans were subject to intense speculation as his power over power seemed unsuccessful. At a news conference Sunday afternoon, Williams Kaliman, the head of the armed forces, "suggested" Morales step down. The announcement came a day after Kaliman had warned that the military would not be deployed against protesters against morale.

gen. Vladimir Calderon, the head of the national police, also called for Morales' resignation to "calm the nation in these difficult times."

Morales was then filmed leaving a presidential plane in Himore, a city in the Bolivian department of Cochabamba. [19659002] The announcement of a new election came after police guards at the Presidential Palace in La Paz abandoned their posts on Saturday, part of a broader strike in which police said they would not be used as government policy tools.

Strikes, protests and roadblocks have paralyzed the poorest country in South America. In the town of Vinto late last week, opposition protesters abducted the socialist mayor, dragged her along the streets, doused her with red paint and forcibly trimmed her hair.

As protests continue, Morales condemns the "coup" against him. He called for a dialogue with major political opposition parties – a call they immediately rejected.

"I have nothing to negotiate with Evo Morales," Mesa tweeted on Saturday. "He has lost his lamenting connection with reality."

Yet his strongest blow came outside Bolivia – in the form of an OAS audit that Morales and his Movement for Socialism promised to honor. In its preliminary report, published on Sunday, the organization said: "The manipulations of the computer system are to such an extent that they need to be thoroughly investigated by the Bolivian state in order to reach the bottom and place responsibility in this serious case." [19659002] OAS auditors stated that the casting system was not "100% monitored" or controlled by the technician concerned. The information was redirected at one point, so "there is no certainty about… the results."

The OAS also stated that "good practices" did not apply to the official vote count because the system "allows someone to vote." take control 'of parts of the process that needed to be protected. The integrity of the software was not respected, the auditors said; at one point, they said the system was frozen and fixed in a way that violated "basic security principles."

The OAS concluded that 78 of the 333 polling stations polled showed irregularities and manipulation. The last 5 percent of the vote count was particularly "unusual", auditors said, showing a significant increase for Morales and a sharp decrease for Mesa.

"In some cases, we have checked that all the newsletters on one hand [polling station] have been completed by the same person," OAS writes. "In some cases, we have confirmed that this person is a representative of [Morales’s Movement for Socialism] … We also found many ballots in which the ruling party received 100% of the votes."

In a separate statement, the OAS said: "The first round of elections held on October 20, it has to be canceled and the election process has to start again, with the first round being held as soon as there are new conditions that give new guarantees for its conduct, including the newly created body elections. "

In 2016, he was pushing for a national referendum that would allow him to break term limits and seek a fourth term. He narrowly lost that vote amid scandal over his father's alleged child out of wedlock, but then secured a court ruling that allowed him to run again.

His opponents call this abuse of power – one that fits the model, which they say has involved heavy involvement with protests against development, the press, and political opponents.


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