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Exercise During Pregnancy Can Protect Obese Mothers And Their Children From Health Problems
Exercise during pregnancy can protect obese mothers from gestational diabetes and their children from later life health problems "by restoring key tissues in the body"
Obese mice move on a treadmill before and during of pregnancy in study
Scientists found that exercise helped mice control their blood sugar levels
Obesity increases the risk of gestational diabetes in the expectant mother
It also predisposes both mother and mother beta to develop metabolic diseases
By Vanessa Chalmers Health Mailonline Reporter
9:01 EDT, 29 Aug 2019 | Updated: 3:17 AM EDT, August 30, 2019
Obese mothers can protect themselves and their babies from adverse health effects by engaging in exercise during pregnancy, according to researchers.
Running a treadmill for up to 20 minutes a day before and during pregnancy improved the health of the internal organs in mice.
Exercise made future mice better at managing their blood sugar levels by restoring the function of their key tissues.
This may reduce the chances of a mother and baby developing metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes.
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have said that these results are important against the backdrop of the current worldwide obesity epidemic.
Obesity in the mother can have a great impact on both mother and baby during pregnancy and years after.
Health care professionals advise to stay as active as possible during pregnancy, but do not recommend dieting for weight loss. Obese mothers can protect their babies from adverse health effects by engaging in exercise during pregnancy, researchers say ” class=”blkBorder img-share” />
protect their babies from adverse health effects by engaging in exercise during pregnancy, researchers claim
Dr. Amanda Sferruzi-Perry, who leads the research net, he said: "Moderate levels of exercise immediately before and then during pregnancy leads to important changes in various tissues of obese mother, which effectively makes the tissue more similar to those observed in non-obese mothers.
"We believe that these changes may explain how exercise improves the metabolism of an obese mother during pregnancy and may, in turn, prevent her infants from developing early signs of type 2 diabetes after birth. "
In the United Kingdom, more than half of all women of reproductive age and almost one third of pregnant women are overweight or obese.
Short-term complications of maternal obesity are well recognized – including gestational diabetes that develops in the mother during pregnancy.
It also increases the risk of preeclampsia with a dangerous complication in older children and needs a C-section.
Obesity predisposes both the mother and her baby to develop metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes later in life.
Exercise is known to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in non-pregnant women by improving the way the body manages blood sugar levels.
However, until this study, little is known about how exercise can alter body tissues in an obese pregnant woman.
Researchers at the University of Cambridge, led by Dr. Barbara Musical, fed five mice a sweet, high-fat diet until obese.
Mice are a useful model for the study of human disease because they have a number of common characteristics, including the effects of obesity and the female body during pregnancy.
Mice moved on a treadmill for 20 minutes a day for at least a week before pregnancy, the team wrote in the journal Physiological Reports.
They stated that they had chosen to start an exercise regimen before pregnancy, as this would reflect the results of obese women trying to lose weight before conception.
During pregnancy, mice ran for 12.5 minutes over five days of the week. They stopped on day 17, three days before birth.
Researchers have found that exercise has influenced the ways in which molecules and cells in tissues communicate.
In particular, how cells respond to insulin and store and break down fat from food.
White adipose tissue, a type of fat that is found under the skin and surrounding organs, showed the most significant changes.
Researchers compared fat with that of future normal-weight mice and found that it had been restored to a similar state of health.
Co-author Professor Susan Ozan said, "Our findings reinforce the importance of leading an active lifestyle and eating a healthy balanced diet when planning a pregnancy for both the mother and her developing child.
"This may be important in helping to reduce the risk of adverse maternal health problems and later health problems for her child. “
HOW CAN YOU HOLD BEFORE PREGNANCY?
The more active and fit you are during pregnancy, the easier it will be to adapt to changing shape and weight gain. It will also help you cope with labor and return to form after birth.
Maintain your normal daily physical activity or exercise (sports, running, yoga, dancing, or even going to the shops and back) as long as you feel comfortable.
Exercise is not dangerous for your baby – there is some evidence that active women are less likely to experience problems later in pregnancy and childbirth.
Exercise tips when you are pregnant:
always warm up before training and then cool down
try to keep active daily: a half hour of walking each day may be enough, but if not you can manage this, any amount is better than nothing
avoid all strenuous exercise in hot weather
drink plenty of water and other fluids
if you go to exercise make sure your teacher is properly qualified and knows you are pregnant
you like to try to swim because wo ATA will maintain your exercise with overweight
who are at risk of falling, such as horseback riding, skiing, ice hockey, gymnastics and cycling should only be made with caution. Falling can risk harming your baby
Exercises to Avoid During Pregnancy:
Do not lie flat on your back for long periods, especially after 16 weeks, because your weight is hitting the main blood vessel carrying blood back to your heart and this may make you feel weak
do not engage in contact sports where there is a risk of strokes such as kickboxing, judo or squash
do not engage in diving because your baby is gone protection against decompression sickness and gas embolus Oia
Do not exercise at altitudes above 2500 m (780 ft) above sea level until you acclimate: this is because you and your baby are at risk of altitude sickness