- The suicide rate among American children and adolescents between the ages of 10 and 24 has increased by 56% over 10 years, according to CDC data.
- Doctors become more hesitant in diagnosing depression in children after FDA issued "black box warning" "Antidepressant label for children in 2007 – Expert believes it may be linked to increased youth suicide rate
- Experts also cited social media, the opioid crisis, premature brains and the role of the media in coping with suicide as other potential causes behind the increasing rate of suicide among young people.
Youth suicides have increased by 56% in 1
The suicide rate among people aged 10-24 has increased from 6.8 to 100 000 in 2007 to 10.6 per 100,000 people in 2017. Among youths ages 10-14, the suicide rate has almost tripled from 2007 to 2017, according to a report published Thursday.
For all age groups surveyed between the ages of 10 and 24 by the CDC, the suicide rate exceeds the homicide rate from 2011 to 2017, noted ulcer in the report. In 2017, the suicide rate among those in the same youth demographic was the second leading cause of death. In addition, the suicide rate in the United States as a whole has increased by 30%, the report notes.
"The chances of a person in this age range dying of suicide are greater than murder when it was the other way around," CDC Statistician and report author Sally Curtin told The Wall Street Journal. "As the leading cause of death among our youth increases, we need to pay attention and understand what is happening."
FDA Antidepressant Warning and Prescription Decrease
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) decision to label anti-depressants with a "black box warning" in 2005, which was expanded to include children in 2007, as a potential cause of the rising youth suicide rate in the United States . I have not seen much discussed the fear of treating mental illness and the "black box warning" that the FDA puts on antidepressants many years ago [describing] the risk of increasing suicidal ideation ", a clinical associate professor at the University of British Columbia and author of" Is it depression? ”Dr. Dayan Mackintosh told the Daily Caller News Foundation.
"Many prescribing doctors began to think – without reading the details. f) medicines – "this can make my patient kill themselves." So not only are they not prescribed. They don't make the diagnosis, ”she continued.
The first line of warning for antidepressants in the black box for children states: “Antidepressants increase the risk of suicidal ideation and behavior (suicide) in short-term studies in children and adolescents with major depression MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. "
Prescriptions for antidepressants decreased by 31.0% among young adults and 24.3% among children within two years after the FDA blackbox warning was introduced, according to the New England Journal of Medicine.
The National Alliance on Mental Illness Ken Duckworth said that the black box label was a factor in the drop in prescriptions as a potential cause of the rising rate of youth suicide.
"It should be noted that the FDA has issued a black box warning prescribing antidepressants
McIntosh cited the fact that parents cannot be persuaded to vaccinate their children, let alone use antidepressants. (RELATED) : New Learning Points to Real Suicide Problems in America)
"We can't tell parents to vaccinate their children for god's sake. There is a greater risk of this than anything. So, you can imagine with all the Google Doctor and the negativity that happens when it comes to medication treatment, parents say, "I don't give my child antidepressants. It will kill him, "she said.
A Pew Research Center study found that 86% of adults between the ages of 18 and 24 use some form of social media, whether it's Instagram, Facebook, Snapchat, YouTube or Twitter, according to a report
Another Pew Research study found that 95% of children ages 13 to 17 have a smartphone or have access to it. they use YouTube the most – 85% – and Instagram the second most frequent at 72%, the report noted.
The social media boom started the invention of Facebook in 2004, just three years before the CDC study began in 2007 – the same year the first iPhone was released and the FDA applied the blackbox label of antidepressants to children.
"Surely the weather is impressive," "Inventing the iPhone, Facebook and downloading antidepressants as a major intervention by pediatricians, Duckworth told DCNF. These are all correlations. "
Mackintosh talks about the impact that a computer or smartphone can have on a young brain.
" I think we really will think about that time and think, 'What were we thinking?' "Mackintosh said on social media." a child between the ages of six and 16 has a computer powerful enough to run a small country can run into serious problems. We see an association with anxiety and depression using social media. "
" If You Were Not Invited to a Coupon during the day, no one knew. Now you see stories of Snapchat, Instagram Photos – Your Friends Have Fun While You Stay. And so much of this social media [apps] is about perfection – photos of perfection that aren't really real. No wonder kids really struggle. "
Also, while girls in the US try to report suicide more often than boys, boys follow more often with suicide – a phenomenon known as "gender paradox", being honored for decades according to Time magazine.
"I think boys and girls really suffer from this. Girls are more explicit in their experiences. Girls tend to have more internalizing systems – more sadness, more physical insecurity. Boys tend to be more annoyed, more frustrated, angry and also have more drug abuse, "McIntosh explained.
Duckworth said people use the internet and social media as a form of communication, but that doesn't is real, human communication that is needed for young people to develop into successful adults.
"Your hypotheses [for the increasing suicide rate among youth] should include bullying and shame on the internet as an opportunity, and people who report feeling isolated. People who spend time online as a kind of communication, but it is not human communication, "said Duckworth.
McIntosh added that only a few decades ago, when someone died of suicide, no one talked about it. Now the stigma surrounding suicide is changing, and people are more open to discussing what is, in her view, a good thing, because the spear-suicide phenomenon – or imitation of another person's suicide – is real.
The opioid crisis
Researchers have also cited the opioid crisis in America and the deaths of parents and loved ones by overdose as a cause of the rising suicide rate among American youth, as reported by The Washington Post in June.  "Many studies show links between opioid crisis and suicide," Senior Press Advisor and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA) Christopher Garrett told DCNF.
"The potential impact of the opioid crisis on children in families where parents have died from opioid overdoses or when opioid use has led to other types of trauma is a serious concern," Garrett continues.
More than 47,000 Americans are died f of opioid overdose in the US in 2017 and 130 died of opioid overdose every day in the US, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
The human brain is not fully formed until about the age of 25, which is why young people in the United States cannot drink legally or smoke until they are 21 years old. Crises other than adults and sometimes turn into suicide as a way out of these crises.
"Imagine being in a school crisis," explained MacIntosh. "You do not have a fully-formed brain and you need to think critically, think about getting out of this situation beforehand, but your brain is not well-developed to handle it. That is part of the question. "
The underdeveloped prefrontal cortex is also what makes teens scandalous for impulsive decision-making, even when it comes to suicide, according to a June report published by The Post and Courier.
" Kids face so much . So much stress, so many expectations – many of them are driven by social media. And they are unable to cope and their parents do not know what is going on, "she went on.
Gareth similarly told the DNF that the common link between all youth suicides was" intense emotional pain ", adding: The fact that the brain is still developing diminishes the ability to solve problems in such painful situations or to perceive the future beyond pain. "
Television and Suicide Movies
Netflix original TV series "13 Reasons Why", which originally b was a book, released to the public in 2017. Viewers discussed the risk of children watching the show, with some claiming he romanticized suicide and others claiming he started a conversation about mental health and suicide among youth in the United States.  McIntosh, Duckworth and Gareth cited "13 Reasons Why" as an example of how the media portrays and discusses suicide – especially youth suicide, in this one because the show is run in a high school setting.
"The media has instructions on how to conceal suicides," Duckert told the DNCF. "13 Reasons Why" violated many of these guidelines. The key is not… to belittle, not to disclose or publish a note about a person's suicide – which is essentially the 13 Reasons Why. They have made strides in Series Two. , movies, and the internet is a double edged sword because while talking about mental illness is "important and necessary", the different ways mental health is addressed on different media platforms can have a negative impact on certain viewers.
Gareth similarly told DCNF that the portrayal of suicide in the entertainment media "has been shown to have an impact on suicides and suicide attempts, especially when such images include graphic images of suicide attempts that model lethal methods."
"Recent studies have shown an increase in suicide behavior related to the first season of" 13 Reasons Why, "Gareth adds.
The plot of the book and the television series is a consequence of the suicide of a young girl. She leaves behind tapes for individual classmates who played a role in her suicide. On the tapes, she explains what particular events and people eventually made her commit suicide.
"There are 13 reasons why," McIntosh said. "There is a lot of discussion. Children are more likely to learn about suicides in their communities, and people talk about it more, but there are some children who will be more vulnerable than [the show’s message]. I still have people telling me, "Suicide is such a selfish act." I don't understand where this comes from. "
She continued to condemn the saying that suicide is" selfish "because those who commit suicide are not only depressed about themselves; they are depressed because they feel they are hurting their loved ones and think that suicide will alleviate some of the pain they cause others.
"This is not a selfish act, and I think the most important work on Earth is parenting, so we should all talk to our children about it. If they watch such things on television, it is an opportunity for parents to talk to their children about it: "Have you ever had such thoughts? And if you have, please know that I am here and I will help you, "McIntosh continued.
After the show received its backlash in 2017, when it was released, Netflix eliminated the" graphic "suicide of the protagonist and added trigger warnings for several other scenes in the series. The third season will have similar warnings, according to Vox.
"13 times the cause" – there are some studies that [showed] people who watched it are more likely to are interested in harming themselves … It is important that people in the media are responsible in their own lives third suicide and I think this is a great example of how not to do it, "said Duckworth.
Need help? Call the SAMHSA National Hotline at 800-662-HELP (4357) or visit the SAMHSA Treatment Locator here.
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