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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Science https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ For more than 111 years, the scientist was puzzled at the Tunguska event

For more than 111 years, the scientist was puzzled at the Tunguska event




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Charged remnants of Tunguska forest, picture taken by Evgeni Krinov in 1

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Evgeni Krinov

In the early morning of June 30, 1908 Something exploded in the sky over the Stony Tunguska in Siberia, equating roughly 80 million trees at 820 square miles. Many thousands of people in a 900 mile radius were watching the Tunguska event and more than 700 reports, describing a fiery ball in the sky, like a second sun, and a series of explosions "with terrible sound" followed by shaking the ground, "the earth seemed to open wide and everything will be the Local Avengers and Yakuts believe that a god or a shaman has sent the fiery ball to destroy the world. Different weather stations in Europe record both seismic and atmospheric waves. Europe as shining clouds, colorful sunsets and low luminosity at night

International newspapers speculate about a possible volcanic explosion. Unfortunately, the inaccessibility of the region and the unstable political environment of Russia at that time prevented further scientific research. Threeteen years later Russian mineralogist Leonid Alexejevic Kulik, from the Russian Meteorological Institute, became interested in the story after reading a newspaper article claiming that the Trans-Siberian railway passengers were watching a stroke even touching the still hot meteorite. Kulik organizes an expedition and travels to the city of Kansk, where he studies reports about the event in the local archives. From the remote position of Wanawara, the team dared to take on the endless Taiga after the Tunguska River. Then on April 13, Kulik discovered a large area covered with rotting logs. A huge explosion flattened more than 80 million trees to 820 square miles. Only at the epicenter of the Tunguska forest explosion some dead and charred trees still stand.

Despite exploring the whole area, no crater or meteorite was found at the site. In the autumn of 1927 a preliminary report by Cullick was published in various national and international newspapers. Kulik predicted that an alien asteroid exploded into the atmosphere causing the explosion and devastation observed. The lack of space to identify the impact was explained by the marshland, too soft to keep the crater. As a result, this 1907 event became known as Tunguska Event .

Despite its popularity in pop culture, the scientific data surrounding this event is scarce. & Nbsp; There are some seismic and aerial waves recorded just after the event, and the devastated forest is mapped around thirty years later. Based on the lack of solid data, such as a crater or meteorite, and contradictory evidence, many theories of varied credibility have been proposed over the years.

Engineer and writer Sci-Fi Alexander Kassantsev has developed an unusual explanation as a result of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He argues that the nuclear explosion of possible alien origin has caused the event in Tunguska. Apart from the destruction model, Kassansev, as well as the geomagnetic anomalies recorded at the Irkutsk station, are similar to a nuclear explosion. In 1973, American physicists suggested in the Nature journal that a small black hole collide with our planet, causing an explosion of antimatter matter in the earth's atmosphere.

In recent years, German astrophysicist Wolfgang Kund and later Jason Fips Morgan of Cornell University in Ithaca and Paola Vannwy of the University of Florence have offered a ground explanation for the explosion in Tunguska. Jules Verne is speculative reactions to magma / gas that violently erupt from the underground space. According to this model, magmatic penetration under Siberia forms a large bubble of volcanic gases captured by the basalt layers of Siberian traps. Finally, in June 1908, cover rocks were destroyed by compressed gases and the outbreak of burning methane caused a series of explosions, as described in some descriptions. The chemical remains of this burning, scattered in the earth's atmosphere, caused the glowing clouds all over the world. In the lakes of Siberia there are gas bubbles, but methane comes from rotting organic materials buried in the frozen soil of the Taiga. Geologists mapping the area also did not find any traces of demolished rocks or craters, as suggested by the Werneshot hypothesis. This idea is supported by the reports describing a fireball descending on the taiga, the presence of impact-related minerals such as nanodiamonds, metal and silicate spheres in the sludge, as well as the outline and direction of the aligned trees pointing away from the explosion site. The nature of this cosmic body remains obscure. Some reports describing a series of explosions lasting more than ten minutes are difficult to explain with a single impact. The recovered geological evidence can also be explained by the background deposition of cosmic dust as many small meteorites disintegrate each day in the Earth's atmosphere. In 2007, Luca Gasperini and his research team at the University of Bologna suggested that the small Lake Checo was formed by the impact of a fragment of the Tunguska meteorite. Lake Checo is unusually deep for a region that is otherwise characterized by shallow lakes formed by the melting of ever-frozen water. There is also no record of the lake that existed before 1908, but it is also true that the region was poorly mapped and studied at that time, and not all scientists agree with this theory . the event survives only traces of wounds. Looked at above, there is no evidence, as the trees recolonize the devastated area. Only a few stumps of the trees killed by the event can be found on the ground, most of them already rotten or buried in the swamp.

Charged remnants of the forest of Tunguska, a picture taken by Evgeni Krinov in 1929

Evgeni Krinov

On the morning of June 30, 1908 something exploded in the sky above the Stony Tunguska in Siberia, equating about 80 million trees to 820 square miles, and many thousands of people in a 900-mile radius watched the event in Tunguska and more than 700 bills were collected later. opens wide and everything will fall into the abyss. "The local avenues and yakuts believed that god or shaman were sent and the fiery globe to destroy the world, and atmo spherical waves, days later, strange phenomena in the sky of Russia and Europe, like shimmering clouds, colorful sunsets and low luminosity at night

International newspapers speculate about a possible volcanic explosion Unfortunately, the inaccessibility of the region and the unstable political environment of Russia at that time prevented further scientific research. Threeteen years later Russian mineralogist Leonid Alexejevic Kulik, from the Russian Meteorological Institute, became interested in the story after reading a newspaper article claiming that the Trans-Siberian railway passengers were watching a stroke even touching the still hot meteorite. Kulik organizes an expedition and travels to the city of Kansk, where he studies reports about the event in the local archives. From the remote position of Wanawara, the team dared to take on the endless Taiga after the Tunguska River. Then on April 13, Kulik discovered a large area covered with rotting logs. A huge explosion flattened more than 80 million trees to 820 square miles. Only in the epicenter of the Tunguska forest explosion some dead and charred trees still stood.

Despite exploring the entire area, no crater or meteorite was found on the site. In the autumn of 1927 a preliminary report by Cullick was published in various national and international newspapers. Kulik predicted that an alien asteroid exploded into the atmosphere causing the explosion and devastation observed. The lack of space to identify the impact was explained by the marshland, too soft to keep the crater. As a result, the 1907 event became known as Tunguska Event .

Despite its popularity in pop culture, the scientific data surrounding this event is scarce. There are some seismic and aerial waves recorded just after the event, and the devastated forest is mapped around thirty years later. Based on the lack of solid data such as a crater or meteorite, and contradictory accounts, many theories of a very different plausibility have been proposed over the years.

Engineer and writer Sci-Fi Alexander Kassantsev has developed an unusual explanation after Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He argues that the nuclear explosion of possible alien origin has caused the event in Tunguska. Apart from the destruction model, Kassansev, as well as the geomagnetic anomalies recorded at the Irkutsk station, are similar to a nuclear explosion. In 1973, American physicists suggested in the Nature journal that a small black hole collide with our planet, causing an explosion of antimatter matter in the earth's atmosphere.

In recent years, German astrophysicist Wolfgang Kund and later Jason Fips Morgan of Cornell University in Ithaca and Paola Vannwy of the University of Florence have offered a ground explanation for the explosion in Tunguska. Vernesoths named after the author Jules Verne, are speculative reactions to magma / gas that violently erupt from the underground space. According to this model, magmatic penetration under Siberia forms a large bubble of volcanic gases captured by the basalt layers of Siberian traps. Finally, in June 1908, cover rocks were destroyed by compressed gases and the outbreak of burning methane caused a series of explosions, as described in some descriptions. The chemical remains of this burning, scattered in the earth's atmosphere, caused the glowing clouds all over the world. In the lakes of Siberia there are gas bubbles, but methane comes from rotting organic materials buried in the frozen soil of the Taiga. Geologists mapping the area also did not find any traces of demolished rocks or craters, as suggested by the Werneshot hypothesis. This idea is supported by the reports describing a fireball descending on the taiga, the presence of impact-related minerals such as nanodiamonds, metal and silicate spheres in the sludge, as well as the outline and direction of the aligned trees pointing away from the explosion site. The nature of this cosmic body remains obscure. Some reports describing a series of explosions lasting more than ten minutes are difficult to explain with a single impact. The recovered geological evidence can also be explained by the background deposition of cosmic dust as many small meteorites disintegrate each day in the Earth's atmosphere. In 2007, Luca Gasperini and his research team at the University of Bologna suggested that the small Lake Checo was formed by the impact of a fragment of the Tunguska meteorite. Lake Checo is unusually deep for a region that is otherwise characterized by shallow lakes formed by the melting of ever-frozen water. In addition, there is no evidence of the lake that existed before 1908, but it is also true that the area was poorly mapped and studied at that time, and not all scientists agree with this theory. survive. Looked at above, there is no evidence, as the trees recolonize the devastated area. Only a few stumps of trees killed by the event can be found on the ground, most of which are already rotten or buried in the swamp.


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