eric1513 | iStock | Getty Images
When can forgiveness happen?
If Biden decides to cancel the debt through enforcement actions, in theory, borrowers could see that their balance decreases or eliminates quite quickly. But such a move could be met with legal challenges that could lead to delays.
A clearer picture may soon emerge.
“If Biden decides he can do it with an executive order, I expect to hear about it by June or July,”
If the White House decides to leave the forgiveness of a student loan to Congress, Democrats are likely to use the budget approval process to do so.
This is because this process allows them to pass legislation by a simple majority, which is all they have. Other bills usually have to get 60 votes to move forward, thanks to Senate procedural rules. Republicans are largely hostile to the idea of a student debt anniversary.
The next budget coordination process is likely to be in the autumn.
Can I count on my student loans to be simplified?
Although borrowers’ chances of reducing or eliminating their balances have never been greater, “until the legislation goes into effect, you can’t count on anything,” Cantrowitz said.
There are currently pending reports from the U.S. Department of Education and the Department of Justice on whether the president has the legal authority to enforce the loan through enforcement, Cantrowitz said. It is not yet clear when the findings will be published.
Meanwhile, he added, “borrowers should not take swift action pending loan forgiveness.”
How much can be forgiven?
Currently, the main point of contention among proponents of student loan forgiveness is how much debt should be scrapped: $ 10,000 or $ 50,000.
If all federal borrowers receive $ 10,000 in debt, the country’s education arrears will fall to about $ 1.3 trillion, from $ 1.7 trillion, according to Cantrowitz. And approximately one-third of federal borrowers, or 15 million people, will see their balance sheets reset.
Canceling $ 50,000 for all borrowers, on the other hand, would reduce the student loan debt balance to $ 700 billion, from $ 1.7 trillion. Meanwhile, the debt of 80% of federal student loan borrowers, or 36 million people, will be completely gone.
Even with this more generous plan, not everyone would be completely happy. One-fifth of federal borrowers owe more than $ 50,000, and about 7 percent of borrowers owe more than six figures.
With the forgiveness of the table, do I still have to make payments?
Most federal borrowers do not have to pay their bills until October, during which time interest rates are suspended.
As the $ 10,000 student loan forgiveness is the proposal that is likely to become a reality, Mayotte said he sees nothing wrong with people who owe less than that amount redirecting their usual payments to savings, “earning a little interest on them, then seeing how the wind wind comes August. “
“If it seems we are not closer to forgiveness, then pay the money,” she said.
Even if you owe more than $ 10,000, it may still be wise to take advantage of the government break on student loan payments. You can use the extra cash to clear debts on high-interest loans, for example, or to accumulate emergency savings.
In the meantime, is there anything else I need to do?
There are some smart moves you can take in anticipation of a student loan forgiveness, experts say.
Millions of people who took out student loans before 2010 under the Federal Family Education Loan Program have been excluded from the government’s proposal to pause their payments without accruing interest.
There is now some concern that these borrowers may also be missing out on any student loan forgiveness.
As a result, these borrowers may want to consolidate their FFEL loans into a core direct lending program that will qualify for forgiveness, Cantrowitz said. The main disadvantage of this is that your repayment period will be reset; so if you’re near the end, it may not make sense.
Meanwhile, borrowers who are considering refinancing their federal student loans into private loans at lower interest rates may want to wait, Cantrowitz said. For one, the interest rate on most federal student loans is 0% for another five months.
Moreover, “they will feel foolish if they only refinance the federal government to announce a loan waiver,” Cantrowitz said.
Can my private student loans be simplified?
“As for private student loans, it seems unlikely that they will be included in the remission plan,” said Elaine Rubin, a senior associate and communications specialist at Edvisors.
Will my forgiven debt trigger a tax bill?
Student loan forgiveness is now tax-free, thanks to a provision included in the $ 1.9 trillion federal coronavirus stimulus package that became law in March.
Previously, any student loan debt canceled by the government was considered taxable and taxed at the borrower’s normal income tax rate.
According to a rough estimate by Kantrowitz, canceling $ 10,000 would lead to an additional $ 2,000 in taxes for the average borrower. If a borrower’s $ 50,000 is canceled, the average person will have to write a $ 10,000 check to the IRS.
Borrowers could no longer receive these bills.