Former smokers tend to replace one habit with another.
Between 2005 and 2016, major depression among ex-smokers increased to 6% from nearly 5%. They also stated that marijuana use had increased to 10.1% from 5.3% in the year before being interviewed, and alcohol drinking had increased to 22.3% from 17.2% in the month before the interview, according to a study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
"Problems with mental health and substance use are related to the relapse of smoking among ex-smokers," the authors say. "Little is known about the prevalence of mental health and substance use among former smokers in the United States" The authors suggest that this may be a prevalent problem: Former smokers have risen above the number of US smokers (1
Depression and substance use, which are factors associated with an increased risk of recurrence of cigarette use, appear to be increasing over time among former smokers in the United States.
Former smokers are more likely to be over the age of 65 and have never married, with some college education and an annual income of over $ 75,000. More than 50% have also quit smoking for three years or more. Increasing marijuana legalization, diminished perception of risk associated with use and reduced stigma can also contribute to increased use of marijuana, researchers say.
"The results represent a growing threat to the advances made in reducing the prevalence of cigarette use," said lead researcher Rene Goodwin, a psychiatric epidemiologist and clinical psychologist, said of former smokers included in the study. "Most of them now suffer from the study." depression, and involvement in the use of problematic substances. "
The survey data is taken from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an annual, nationally representative survey. More than 67,000 people are over the age range 18 years and older have participated in the study, the authors claim, this is the first national study in the US to focus on the prevalence and trends of depression, marijuana use and problematic alcohol use among ex-smokers.
Don't miss: CDC examines the link between e-cigarettes and lung disease
The study was conducted by the Institute of Population Health Science at the City University of New York, Department of Epidemiology at School of Public Health at the University of Columbia and the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy.
Each state in the country levies taxes on cigarettes, with the average tax being on 20 packs of cigarettes at $ 1.81 and some taxes – like the one in New York State – going up to $ 4.35.
Tax increase for 1 cigarette for $ 1 decreases cigarette use by 1.9% overall and by 3.5% for daily smokers, a separate study co-authored with researchers at Georgia State University, Temple University and the University of Kentucky and distributed by the National Bureau of Economic Research last month opened. It also increased vaping rates by 9.7%.
Every state in the country taxes cigarettes, with the average tax on a pack of 20 cigarettes being $ 1.81 and some taxes – like the one in New York State – going up to $ 4.35. They are at the top of the $ 1.01 federal cigarette tax. A pack of cigarettes in New York starts at $ 13. This supports previous studies on the effectiveness of taxation in reducing smoking.
Drinking beverages is also a boom – among the boomers. In fact, more than one in 10 Americans age 65 and older are alcoholics, according to a study by the University of New York published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society earlier this month; Drinking alcohol is defined as the consumption of five or more drinks in one case in the last month for men and four or more for women.
The National Institute on Alcohol and Alcohol Abuse recommends that adults over 65 years of age consume three alcoholic beverages or less per day. "Older adults are especially vulnerable to the harms of alcohol use, especially alcohol drinking, because of physiological changes in aging and more likely to have a more chronic medical condition and to take more prescribed medication," he says. (James Wellmayer and Nicole Pesce contributed to this story.)