Analysis of rogue images shows insect and reptile fossils, created according to an entomologist at the University of Ohio.
While scientists are struggling to determine if there is life on Mars a study by professor at the University of Ohio Emeritus William Romoser shows that we already have evidence kindly provided by photographs from various rovers.
Dr. Romoser, who specializes in arbovirology and general / medical entomology, has spent several years researching photos from the red planet that are available on the Internet. He found many examples of insect-like shapes, structured like bees, and reptile-like shapes, both as fossils and as living things. He presented his findings on Tuesday, November 19, 2019, at the National Meeting of the Entomological Society of America in St. Louis, Missouri.
"There was and still is life on Mars," Romoser said, noting that the images appear to show both fossils and living creatures. "There is a visible diversity between the Martian insect fauna, which exhibits many characteristics similar to Terran insects, which are interpreted as advanced groups – such as the presence of wings, bending of the wing, agile skating / flight and various structured elements of the legs."  Mars Rover Insect Photo ” width=”777″ height=”571″ srcset=”https://scitechdaily.com/images/Insect-Mars-Rover-Photo-777×571.jpg 777w, https://scitechdaily.com/images/Insect-Mars-Rover-Photo-400×294.jpg 400w, https://scitechdaily.com/images/Insect-Mars-Rover-Photo-768×564.jpg 768w, https://scitechdaily.com/images/Insect-Mars-Rover-Photo-1536×1128.jpg 1536w, https://scitechdaily.com/images/Insect-Mars-Rover-Photo.jpg 2048w” sizes=”(max-width: 777px) 100vw, 777px”/>
Romoser says that while Martian rovers, especially Curiosity Rover, are looking for indicators of organic activity, there are a number of images that clearly depict insect-like and reptile-like forms. , Multiple photos show images where segments of the arthropod's body, along with legs, antennae and wings, can be selected from the surrounding area, and even one appears that shows one of the insects in a steep dive before pulling, exactly before it hits the ground.
The individual images were carefully examined while varying photographic parameters such as brightness, contrast, saturation, inversion, etc. No content added or removed. Criteria used in Romoser's research include: Dramatic deviation from the environment, clarity of form, body symmetry, segmentation of body parts, repetitive form, skeletal remains, and observation of forms in close proximity to one another. Specific postures, movement evidence, flight, apparent interaction, as assumed by relative positions, and glossy eyes, were adopted to correspond to the presence of live forms.
"Once a clear image of a form has been identified and described, it is useful to facilitate recognition of other less clear but equally valid images of the same basic shape," Romoser said. "Exoskeletons and associated appendages are sufficient to establish identification as arthropods. Three areas of the body, one pair of antennas and six legs are traditionally sufficient to establish an identification as an "insect" on Earth. These characteristics must also be valid for identifying an organism on Mars as insects. On these bases, insect-like arthropods can be seen in Mars Rover photos. "
The different behavior of the flight is evident in many images, said Romoser. These creatures have little resemblance to bee bees or carpenter bees on Earth. Other images show that these "bees" appear in shelter or nest in caves. And others show a fossilized creature that looks like a snake.
Romoser, who was a professor of entomology at Ohio University for 45 years and co-founded his Institute of Tropical Diseases, also spent nearly 20 years as a visiting vectors for vector-borne diseases at the American Medical Research Institute on infectious diseases. Between 1973 and 1998, Romoser authored and co-authored four editions of the widely used textbook " Entomology Science ."
Romoser notes that interpretations of insect and reptile-like creatures have described may change in the future as knowledge of Mars' life develops, but that the sheer volume of evidence is compelling.
'The presence of higher Mars metazoic organisms implies the presence of food / energy sources and processes, food chains and webs. and water as elements that function in a viable, albeit extreme, environmental environment sufficient to sustain life, "he said. "I have observed cases involving constant water or small water currents with an obvious meander and with the expected blurring of small submerged rocks, larger rocks at the surface of the atmosphere / water, a wetland on the shore and a drier area outside the wetland. Mars waters have been reported repeatedly, including surface waters found through Viking, Pathfinder, Phoenix and Curiosity tools.
"The evidence of Mars life presented here is a sound basis for many other important biological as well as social and political issues," he added. This also provides a solid justification for further study. "