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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Science https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ From Mars rovers to orbital Tesla, this decade has revolutionized how we see space

From Mars rovers to orbital Tesla, this decade has revolutionized how we see space



  Colony of Ilon-Musk-Mars

SpaceX's vision of a Martian city.


SpaceX

By 2029, we could have human footprints on Mars, an established base of the moon, and maybe even know which worlds beyond ours host life. Everything is science fiction at the moment, but when we look at where we have come in the last 10 years, it suddenly seems less visual.

On January 4, 2010, less than a year after its launch into space, the NASA Kepler Space Telescope opened its first batch of planets in our galaxy. Even though no one is habitable for human life, it was an appropriate way to start a decade that would revolutionize our perception of space and our place in it, as well as our plans to visit the vastness beyond this world.

Between 2010 and the end of his life in 2018, Kepler will discover more than 2,700 confirmed worlds beyond our solar system. Other space telescopes such as NASA's Spitzer, Hubble, and TESS and state-of-the-art ground observatories such as ALMA in Chile assisted Kepler. These and many others have made it possible for astronomers to unearth previously invisible exoplanets from the vast blackness of the universe.

  decade in review-bug records19659008 freeddecade-in-review-bug records19659009clearThough we noticed some exoplanets in the two previous decades, in 2010 they looked everywhere, including ones that look terribly much like Earth. In 2014, Kepler 186-f, a planet the size of Earth in the habitable zone of glittering red and orange sunsets, was discovered. We also spotted Trappist-1, a star orbiting several Earth-like planets in 2017, and even a cousin orbiting the nearest star beyond our sun, Proxima Centaur, in 2016.

in 2016, scientists made the first ever observations of gravity waves predicted by Albert Einstein – literally ripples in the fabric of space-time from across space. This ability to observe space in a new way has been introduced into the nascent field of multi-messenger astronomy which can further unlock the secrets of the universe.

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Black hole, seen in real life for the first time



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Astronomers have also continued to explore some permanent cosmic mysteries, such as fleeting, mysterious signals from across the universe known as Fast Radio Bursts . New evidence was presented for the possible existence of [invisibleplanet in the far reaches of the solar system (Pluto was re-qualified as a dwarf planet in 2006), and we also learned more about the nature of the most powerful of all monsters: black holes.

In 2011, astronomers discovered black holes dating from the earliest days of the universe, and in 2019, the first image of a black hole was made using the Event Horizon telescope, eight radio telescopes worldwide, coordinated to form a super telescope the size of a planet. This groundbreaking view also confirmed Einstein's theory of gravity. (The 2010s were a good decade for him, more than a century after he and his most famous theories first came to prominence.)

There were also a few new mysteries, such as stars that dimmed in a strange and unpredictable way and that strange 2017 visit from Oumaamua an interstellar elongated space rock that seemed to rise inexplicably on the way back to the deep space. After several checks, it does not appear that both were alien jobs.

The decade didn't give real aliens anywhere, a UFO, maybe, but there are certainly no confirmed close encounters.

Moving to the Musk-Planet

Reaching the nearest exoplanet will require the invention of some breakthrough propulsion technology that travels at or near the speed of light and then spends several years traveling 24 trillion miles (39 trillion miles) to get there,

But the past decade has brought a major impetus to make Star Trek's lifestyle with basic speed a reality. Elon Musk, Mars-obsessed CEO of SpaceX has launched his launch from just another NASA launch contractor with perhaps the best attempt to make people as "multi-planetary" as he likes to says.

  spacex-falcon-heavy-landing-2 evid1919909025 SAMSspacex-falcon-heavy-landing-2nged19659026 como Because one landing is not enough, SpaceX can almost synchronize the return of two rockets.


SpaceX

At the end of 2010, SpaceX launched the Dragon Dragon orbit and returned it to Earth, the first private organization to do so. Nine years later SpaceX and Blue Origin went a few steps further. Both pioneered and refined the reusable rocket, completing several decades of NASA and other agencies throwing each booster into the ocean after just one use.

By reducing the cost of orbiting a recyclable rocket, there is no revolution in space access that facilitates the orbit of large and small satellites. Musk also received a lot of attention by tying three rockets together and using the Falcon Heavy lift system to send his personal Tesla to Mars in 2018.

But more importantly, the new launch systems and landing has Musk and others dreaming of space again. He wants to build a metropolis of Mars to launch a super-fast international flight service between Earth destinations through space and to launch Starlink, a megastar of up to 42,000 small satellites in low-Earth orbit with broadband service.

Blue Origin, founded by Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, has his own vision to establish the presence of the moon and in space stations orbiting the Earth. Meanwhile, Richard Branson and Virgin Galactic are almost ready to start taking tourists into space on a regular basis after a decade of ups and downs.

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First Look at the Virgin Galactic Space Passenger Terminal



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Boldly AF Everywhere

Space is more than a canvas for a handful of super-rich dudes to design their childhood dreams. Over the last 19 years, publicly funded robotic missions, spread both inside and outside the solar system.

NASA's Dawn became the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid in 2011, and four years later went on to check out the dwarf planet Ceres and its mysterious bright spots appear to be reflecting salt deposits. In 2014, the European Space Agency achieved some of its own results by sending its Rosetta probe to orbit the comet and landing another ship named Philae on the ice surface. He sent back some pretty incredible images as he moved along the silent peak through the solar system.

Before finally ending the deadly 2017 assault on Saturn, NASA's Cassini Mission explored the gas giant's fascinating rings and moons and even flew through ice streams erupting in space from the oceanside. of the Saturnian lunar Enceladus,

Speaking of water, it became clear during this decade that the life-sustaining fluid was not only of Enceladus but also elsewhere in the solar system and beyond. It is hidden in the subterranean oceans of the moons of Jupiter Europe and Ganymede, in the red slopes of Mars, and even in the atmosphere of distant exoplanets.

It is remarkable that another place that may harbor a liquid ocean is the frozen surface of Pluto. This assumption comes from the courtesy of New Horizons, a NASA probe that flew from the dwarf planet in 2015 and returned images to a world far more dynamic and diverse than the far-flung snowball many have long suspected. We're talking about a world of methane snow, possible nuclear volcanoes, and even foggy blue skies.

The New Horizons probe warriors, visiting the strange cosmic rock Ultima Thule and following in the footsteps of Voyager 1, which left the solar system moving into interstellar space in 2012.

Since 2010, we have also seen other space missions in action: Juno arrived in Jupiter, LADEE toured the moon and MAVEN toured Mars. Both NASA's Osiris-Rex and Japan's Hayabusa-2 seek to return asteroid samples to Earth, Mars Insight break into the Red Planet, and probe Parker is on his way to a close encounter with the sun.

How curiosity and friends pervaded everyone

Probably no mission has conquered the world public during this decade as much as the science lab / monster truck named Curiosity . NASA's third Mars rover successfully landed on Mars in 2012, and has since traveled all this ocher dirt and sand.

The landing was a highly dramatic affair that made celebrities famous for NASA scientists (remember Bobak, "mohawk?") And the rover itself. And for years, Curiosity has been sending back high-resolution images and data from the rest of the world, which we may just visit in person one day soon.

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Meanwhile, NASA has declared its rover Opportunity dead in 2019 after a good 14-year Mars launch.

Other space agencies have also been pushing boundaries in recent years. China made the first soft landing on the moon in nearly 40 years in 2013 with its Chang + 3 spacecraft, which deploys Yutu or " Jade Rabbit" which then immediately crashes. Without saying, Chang's 4 is an impressive tracking mission, landing successfully and exploring the far side of the moon starting in 2019.

  moonfarside

China, alone, across the moon.


CSNA

India also launched its first observatory and a coalition of nations kept the International Space Station operational, toning the science and hosting Scott Kelly the first astronaut to live in space all year. The ISS 'continued success has come since NASA's space shuttle program ended in 2011 and Russian missiles became the only way to move humans from Earth to orbit.

Plans for the return of US missile launches have begun, but will not bear fruit until 2020. SpaceX and Boeing develop new spacecraft and NASA has its own spacecraft and spacecraft launch system. Orion, designed to reach the moon and beyond, which seem to be constantly slowing down. The space agency is still seeking to use Orion to send the first woman to the moon within five years as part of its Artemis mission.

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The story is similar to super-budgets and often delays The James Webb Space Telescope (Hubble's heir) and the massive thirty-meter telescope planned for Hawaii, which is delayed by constant protests from local activists, who say, is the desecration of the sacred volcano Mauna Kea.

Some other notable space icons of the decade include the failure (so far) of any of the competitors of the Google Lunar X Award to win it to the moon. Unless you count in the crash of 2019 the landing of Israel-based Beresheet land that comes from competition.

The Chandrayaan-2 Indian landing seems to have suffered a similar fate, although its status has yet to be confirmed by this writing. But it was extremely exciting that another country was going to the moon at all.

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Looking ahead

The last 10 years have made incredible new discoveries, but much of the work in space over the last decade has accumulated to potentially remarkable payoffs in the 2020s. Half a century after the moon landed, Apollo 11 had more promise than follow-up, especially with regard to human space exploration.

But this time it really feels a little different. It may not be NASA's ambitious goal to land the first woman on the moon by 2024, or Elon Musk's hope of reaching Mars by a similar deadline. But if we just manage to build on the momentum of this past decade and continue to move forward, it must be an epic and exciting ride that is worth following.


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