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Germany, the Allies celebrate 30 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall



The Berlin Wall stood for 28 years. On Saturday, Germany and many European countries celebrated their 30th anniversary as the scandalous barrier began to break.

Leaders from all over Europe attended a ceremony in Bernauer Strasse – one of the last areas of the wall that still remains – where they placed roses in the gaps of the wall to honor what it meant to their ancestors and country.

"The values ​​that underpin Europe – freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law, human rights – these are not taken for granted," said German Chancellor Angela Merkel during a commemoration ceremony.

  people glued flowers to the remains of the Berlin Wall during a ceremony marking the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall at the monument at the Bernauer Strasse in Berlin, Saturday, November 9, 2019.

Young people glued flowers to the remains of the Berlin Wall wall by time is celebrating the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall at the memorial wall at the Bernauer Strasse in Berlin, Saturday, November 9, 2019.
(AP)

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  German Chancellor Angela Merkel, left, shakes hands with visitors ahead of a memorial service at the Berlin Wall Memorial Chapel in Berlin, Germany, Saturday, November 9, 2019

German Chancellor Angela Merkel, left, shakes hands before a memorial service at the Berlin Wall Memorial Chapel in Berlin, Germany, Saturday, November 9, 2019.
(AP)

The Berlin Wall was built almost overnight in 1961 with barbed wire and barricades cutting through the city after nearly 2.5 million East Germans fled west. It has divided the country for almost 28 years and symbolizes the Cold War.

Many died in an attempt to overcome the barrier over the years.

  Flowers have fallen in front of portraits of people who died on the Berlin Wall after the commemorative celebrations of the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall at the memorial wall at the Bernauer Strasse in Berlin, Saturday, November 9, 2019.

in front of portraits of people killed on the Berlin Wall after the commemoration of the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall at the memorial wall at the Bernauer Strasse in Berlin, Saturday, November 9, 2019.
(AP)

Between the west side of the wall there was a great contrast that had free press, travel and elections, and the eastern communist country that had travel restrictions, barbed wire and ruthless secret police.

  Tourist takes photos in Berlin Wall remnants after remembrances commemorating the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall at the memorial wall at the Bernauer Strasse in Berlin, Saturday, November 9, 2019.

Tourist taking photos in the remains of the Berlin Wall The Berlin Wall after the commemorations marking the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall at the memorial wall at the Bernauer Strasse in Berlin, Saturday, November 9, 2019.
(AP)

The wall fell on November 9, 1989, after the German Democratic Republic announced that travel restrictions would be lifted for East Germans.

Crowds waved the blockade, destroying parts of the wall in the event of an event that meant freedom for all Germans and the end of the Cold War.

  On Saturday, November 11, 1989, a file photo, hundreds of Berliners climb to the top of the Berlin Wall at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, demanding a peaceful protest. that the wall will be demolished.

This Saturday, November 11, 1989, a file photo, hundreds of Berliners climb the Berlin Wall at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, seeking a peaceful protest to demolish the wall.
(AP)

Axel Klausmeier, head of the Berlin Wall memorial site, recalled the Germans in a dream state as they hugged each other on this day, many tears of joy weeping.

A statue honoring Ronald Reagan – who was president during much of the Cold War in the 1980s – was also unveiled on site overlooking the area where he made the iconic speech in 1987, calling on the former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to open the barrier.

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  Together with the Ambassador of the United States to Germany, Richard Grenell, Right Former President Ronald Reagan at the United States Embassy Summit in Berlin, Germany, Friday, November 7, 2019.

Together with US Ambassador to Germany Richard Grenel, right, and Fried Ryan President Reagan on the left , Secretary of State Mike Pompeo once Former President Ronald Reagan at the summit of the US Embassy in Berlin, Germany, Friday, November 7, 2019
(AP)

"If you are seeking liberalization, come here to this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall," he said famously.

Concerts and public debates highlighted the planned holidays throughout the city, as well as a concert at the Berlin Gate of Brandenburg.

In Paris, a French chocolate sculptor celebrates a historic occasion by grabbing a hammer and smashing a chocolate replica of the Berlin Wall to the delight of viewers.

  French chocolate maker Patrick Roger, left, and his creative assistant, Angelo Berlin Wall in chocolate to mark the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall in Paris, Saturday, November 9, 2019.

French chocolate maker Patrick Roger, left, and his creative assistant Angelo Dao, right, destroy the rapper productions of the Berlin Wall in chocolate, to mark the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, in Paris, Saturday, November 9, 2019
(AP)

"It's amazing 200 pounds of chocolate have passed in minutes," says Chocolatier Patrick Roger.

In Germany, Markel hopes the lessons learned at a time when the German people were divided should be a historical teaching tool for other people of today.

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"The Berlin Wall, ladies and gentlemen, is history and it teaches us: Not the wall that protects people and restricts freedom is so high or so wide it can't be torn down, "she said.

The Associated Press contributed to the report


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