He was drafted into the Wehrmacht in 1939 and served until his injury during the Russian campaign in 1942 and was sent back to Germany. He rarely talks about the war, but in the 2014 documentary he remembers a massacre in the High Tatras. “My job was to shoot,” he said. “We were mountaineers. There was a deadly hail of bullets and we suffered a lot of losses. Right next to me. Right in front of me.
After demobilization, he studied architecture at the Technical University of Munich, where he received a degree in 1946. He spent another year studying sculpture at the city̵
After Munich, Mr. Böhm returned to Cologne to work for his father’s company, which he took over after Dominic’s death in 1955, continuing a family business that would reach almost dynastic proportions.
In 1948, he married Elizabeth Hagenmüller, an architect he had met while still a student. She helped her husband with many of his projects, and they remained married until her death in 2012 in the early 1990s. Three of Mr. Böhm’s sons, Stefan, Peter and Pavel, all trained as architects and worked for their father’s company, starting in the 1980s. Today, each of them runs an independent architectural firm under one roof in the house in Cologne, built by their grandfather in 1928 and where Gottfried grew up and once maintained his office. The fourth son, Marcus, is an artist. Mr Böhm also survived by five grandchildren, two great-grandchildren and an older brother, Paul, who is 102 years old.
In 1951, Mr. Böhm traveled to America, where he worked briefly for a New York architectural firm. During a month-long study trip to the United States, he met Walter Gropius and Miss van der Rohe, the masters of the Bauhaus, who became a great inspiration to him. After returning to Germany, he became a professor at the Technical University of Aachen in 1963 and held this position until 1985.