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Heart failure risk linked to diabetes is higher in women than men, study says



Type 1 diabetes was associated with a 47% increased risk of heart failure in women compared to men, and type 2 diabetes was associated with a 9% increased risk, according to a paper published in the journal Diabetologia on Thursday.
In general, "once women have diabetes, they have a much higher risk of heart failure than women without diabetes," said Sanne Peters, and a research fellow at the George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, who was the author of the paper.

The paper sheds light on how it remains important to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes, in "The bottom line really comes down to that people should have a healthy lifestyle, so eat healthfully and exercise a lot," Peters said. "It is important to maintain a healthy weight."

The new paper reviewed 1

4 previously published studies that focused on the association between diabetes and heart failure risk. These studies were published between January 1966 and November 2018.

After reviewing and analyzing data in these studies – which included 12 million people and 253,260 cases of heart failure – the researchers noticed that both type 1 and type 2 diabetes were

"We do not know exactly why but there are a couple of possible mechanisms that we are currently investigating further," Peters said.

For example, diabetes is also a serious risk factor for heart failure in women. and a stronger risk factor for coronary heart disease in women than men – a cause of heart failure – which could possibly lead to the difference found in the paper

 Nearly half of US adults have cardiovascular disease, study says

Historically, women have been undertreated for diabetic heart disease compared to men, which could subsequently lead to as (19659006)

The researchers noted that women have a low absolute risk of heart failure compared to men

Overall, more research is needed to explain the reason for the difference found between men and women

The paper also had some other limitations, including that the data was limited to what was found in those previously published studies and did not include information on

"We know that people with diabetes have an increased risk of heart failure. That's well known, but it's under-appreciated in the general medical community, and obviously as well as in the lay community, "said Dr. Fernando Ovalle, director of the University of Alabama at Birmingham's Division of Endocrinology Diabetes and Metabolism, who was

"What this points out is that it's not just there, and it's big, but most importantly two things: It seems to be stronger in type 1 than in type 2, and stronger in women than in men, "he said about the paper.

" It makes us reflect, "

It serves as an important reminder for all people with diabetes, Ovalle said

Diabetes patients should try to do everything they can to lower their heart failure risk, including not smoking, controlling cholesterol, taking a statin, controlling blood pressure, and also controlling blood glucose. re a woman and you have diabetes, please do not mike because that combination is just deadly. "

The paper's findings support what physicians treating diabetes patients have long believed, said Dr. E. Dale Abel, Chairman of the Department of Internal Medicine and Director of the Fraternal Order of the Eagles Diabetes Research Center at Iowa University, Iowa City,

"The bigger question is why does this occur? " Abel said

"Their study does not answer this question as to why women are at higher risk of heart failure in diabetes, but I think that the implication of this – certainly for women and also for people who care of diabetic women – is that they should have a low index of suspicion for at least asking patients about symptoms that could be consistent with heart failure, "he said. "Both practitioners and women with diabetes should certainly be on the lookout for heart failure-type symptoms."


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