To Anna Maria Barry-Yester
In Another Turn for Worried Parents: Meet the Vaping Hood. This mid-fashion high school hood – defined by a hood with ties – is now available as a vaping device ready to deliver nicotine (or marijuana) anywhere, anytime. Including the classroom.
Hoodie notes addition to a fleet of discreet ̵
Computer mouse. Phone pouch. Backpacks. USB jumpers. Color advertisements for color advertisements online are fashionable and many.
Juul, a San Francisco-based company that dominates the e-cigarette trade, and other manufacturers publicly advertise their devices as adult tools seeking to obtain the nicotine solution of tobacco-related toxins. But the crowded market for devices and accessories that has emerged around vaping is filled with products that seem tailored to teenagers who want to keep their use secret – and parents and teachers find it almost impossible to keep out of the hands of children.
Preliminary federal figures released this month show that more than a quarter of the nation's top students reported dropping out in the previous 30 days, compared to 11.7% in 2017. Since the vaping scene teens exploded, adults had difficulty maintaining. In a 2018 study, True Initiative, a smoking advocacy group, surveyed teachers in middle and high school vaping schools and found that less than half recognized a photo of Juul, the most commonly used device.
Sven-Eric George saw the challenge in his child's school. A USB thumb-sized palm finger is easily mistaken for a flash drive. George's Day is an assistant professor at Duke University studying the health effects of inhaling various chemicals. At night, he educates his children on the potential risks of vaping. Recently, one of his daughters told of an Uwell-like watch made by Uwell, which is quickly becoming one of the most popular devices in her high school. Touching the finger gives the face time. But when it is removed from the wrist strap, it is a drain device.
"Teachers have learned to recognize Jules," says George, "but it just looks like a clock."
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention continues to investigate the occurrence of vaping-related lung diseases, already young people. Authorities report 380 suspected cases across the country, including 70 in California. Seven of the cases – including two in California – resulted in death.
It is not clear whether a device or agent causes these diseases. Most patients have reported cannabis vaping, according to the CDC, but some patients say they have vaped only nicotine or vaped both. In California and other states, at least some of the cases are related to vaping of illicit cannabis products. The outbreak is focusing new attention on what federal officials now characterize as a youth epidemic.
Two states – Michigan and New York – passed a ban on selling the most flavored e-cigarette products that are popular with young people; and President Donald Trump this month said he would make similar efforts at the federal level. In California, Gov. Gavin Newsome said this week his administration will step up enforcement efforts against illegal and counterfeit vaping products and fund a $ 20 million public service campaign highlighting the dangers of vaping.
While research continues into the long-term perspective of Electronic Cigarettes as a tool to help people quit smoking, experts say there is clear evidence that teens should not change. Nicotine can cause changes in the developing brain that make lifelong addiction more likely. Fluids in vaping devices contain a number of chemicals that can damage the lungs.
Some schools have banned flash drives in an attempt to keep vaping devices off campus. But new stealth devices offer ways around these bans.
Some of the devices are probably not legal. A decade ago when vaping devices first hit the market,
. Many lawsuits and regulatory changes later fall within the remit of the Food and Drug Administration and are considered a tobacco product.
Depending on when they become available for sale, devices typically fit into one of the three regulatory groups. Everything sold on the market before February 15, 2007 is exempt from regulation. Products sold afterwards, but before August 8, 2016, must be in place by May 2020 in order to apply to the FDA for market authorization and may be sold temporarily. Anything not on the market until August 8, 2016, needs FDA approval to be sold in the U.S.
For example, the vape watch that appears to be available this July seems to require permission from FDA to be sold in the US California Healthline managed to buy it online for $ 34.95.
The FDA has sent
about a dozen products that are sold without the necessary approval and less seriously
. Everything but a handful refers to the liquids used in vaping devices. The FDA did not return a request for comment on how it determines which products are a priority for implementation.
Representatives of Uwell, which produces the vaping watch, did not return a request for comment.
The age restriction varied, and the FDA sent dozens of warning letters to underage sales companies. Websites use different approaches to age verification. California Healthline recently purchased several vaping devices and the age verification process ranges from one click when a buyer certifies that he or she is at least 21 to external software designed to check name, address and age against other databases.
Until recently, Amazon sold product components that allowed people to build their own marijuana. Some of these products are related to the current deadly hearth. The online giant removed them after Minnesota Public Radio asked them to sell them.
In a statement, Tony Abdud, CEO of the Technology Vapor Association, one of the largest trading groups in the industry, blamed several bad actors and illicit sales on unacceptable customers, saying the group "disapproves of nicotine use of nicotine products , including these accessories. "
In the absence of more aggressive efforts by the Feds to keep these devices out of the market, parents and teachers are left with the task of Sisyphus of trying to keep them out of the hands of children.
Ira Sahnoff has been a youth educator for tobacco in the San Francisco Bay Area for decades. He says the increasing popularity of Yule-era pod systems has made this new generation of nicotine products difficult to combat. "Schools are scared. They don't know what to do because they get rid of kids like crazy with these devices," he says.
Some schools install vape detectors in bathrooms. Others send students caught dropping out to advise. The most important first step for parents and school staff, Sahnoff said, is to learn what the devices look like.
With a group at Stanford University, Sachnoff created a tobacco prevention toolkit, a widely used set of resources aimed at preventing and high school students from using nicotine products. One section includes links for parents and guardians to get acquainted with the devices and to learn to talk to their children about nicotine.
But with newer and smaller devices hitting the market, kids motivated to drop out will have an advantage. That is why Sachnoff and other tobacco educators train peer counselors, fellow students who can talk about the risks. They hope to be able to convince children that like cigarettes that have fallen out of favor in recent years, vaping is not cool or worth the gamble.
"I've been doing this for a while".
Two people in Oregon died from vaping disease, and Oregon Gov. Kate Brown called for people to stop vaping immediately.
This KHN story was first published on the California Healthline service of the California Health Care Foundation .  Anna Maria Barry-Yester: firstname.lastname@example.org, @annabarryjester