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HIV-positive woman donates kidney to the HIV-positive recipient in the world



Nina Martinez, a 36-year-old public health consultant, has acquired HIV as a 6-week-old in 1983 when she received blood transfusions in the years before bloodlines began routine testing of the virus. HIV damages the immune system and interferes with the body's ability to fight organisms that cause disease.

Despite his illness, Martinez's lasting spirit is heard. "I really want people to reconsider what it means to live with HIV," she said from her hospital bed two days after her surgery. "If someone is proof that you can live with HIV all my life, it's me. I've lived with HIV for 35 years – much longer than the US epidemic."

р. Even Segiev, a professor at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and the surgeon who carries out Martinez's surgery, said historic surgery was "a true celebration of HIV care [medical] and its evolution."

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3, the United States has not resolved HIV-positive organ donations, Segev said: "I was watching people with HIV die on our transplant list, and I was looking at how we should reject any potential donor, whether he died or lives, just because they had HIV. "

No one believes transplantation of an HIV donor is possible on the basis of two concerns: The virus itself can hurt kidneys and antiretroviral drugs – medicines that control HIV – are toxic to "We had to show that some people with HIV may be healthy enough to be donor to the kidneys and to live with only one kidney," said Segev. "As people live longer with HIV, they have more kidney "As HIV-infected people are disproportionately affected by the waiting list, if you live with HIV, you are almost twice as likely to be affected by high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease," said Martinez. go on while you're waiting for a kidney, "she said.

Adoption of the HIV Policy Policy (HOPE) in November 2013 allowed researchers to carry out transplant studies of organs from HIV-positive donors of HIV-positive recipients. The law does not give priority to HIV-positive patients but provides a donor pool specifically for people living with HIV.

  Facts about HIV / AIDS
becomes a law because it understands that it will mainly be used to allow deceased HIV-positive patients to become organ donors . This was the case when in 2016 John Hopkins performed the world's first transplant of HIV to HIV.

By the time she had her own surgery on Monday, there were about 100 HIV transplants in the United States, but they were all linked to deceased donors.

An episode of Gray's Anatomy, in which there was a fictional transplantation of living HIV-HIV donors, enthralled by Martinez's imagination.

"It was only when my friend betrayed my kidney needs that I seriously thought about it seriously," she said. An Internet search took her to John Hopkins.

"Unfortunately, my friend died," she said, so her donation went to a man who is not a well-known good match selected from John Hopkins' list. 19659002] To fulfill his dream, Martinez had to be carefully scrutinized. Nina meets the standard donor criteria: she was otherwise healthy without hypertension, without diabetes, so the only additional risk factor for kidney disease is HIV. "said Dr. Christine Durant, associate professor of medicine and oncology, and a member of the Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins, and the specialist of the HIV team for Martinez's surgery.

Martinez said," This is an acceptable and a little extra risk, that access to healthcare is a "huge contribution" to its health and debt She did not have a car at the age of 14, so she goes a lot, and she also runs marathons with the Grassroots nonprofit project in which student athletes teach young people about HIV prevention principles. "I thought that comparing a long-time patient with HIV / AIDS with athletes from NCAA Division I is quite comical, she said. Two men may be second and third to be cured of HIV ” data-src-mini=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190128184933-hiv-ribbon-file-small-169.jpg” data-src-xsmall=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190128184933-hiv-ribbon-file-medium-plus-169.jpg” data-src-small=”http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190128184933-hiv-ribbon-file-large-169.jpg” data-src-medium=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190128184933-hiv-ribbon-file-exlarge-169.jpg” data-src-large=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190128184933-hiv-ribbon-file-super-169.jpg” data-src-full16x9=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190128184933-hiv-ribbon-file-full-169.jpg” data-src-mini1x1=”//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190128184933-hiv-ribbon-file-small-11.jpg” data-demand-load=”not-loaded” data-eq-pts=”mini: 0, xsmall: 221, small: 308, medium: 461, large: 781″ src=”data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhEAAJAJEAAAAAAP///////wAAACH5BAEAAAIALAAAAAAQAAkAAAIKlI+py+0Po5yUFQA7″/>

From the moment she decided to end the operation, the organ donor process took about nine months, Martinez said, "I have a really strong sense of faith in myself, as if I'm my own rock. so when I make unusual decisions or decisions when I do not know the result, I just pursue and believe Some people might call that stubbornness. "

Martinez hopes that her gift will inspire other people – whether they are HIV- negative or positives – to consider becoming live organ donors. "We have a lot with a serious organ shortage in this nation, "she said," It's a real concrete way to change something. "


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