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How intermittent fasting can help reduce inflammation



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Researchers say starvation can help reduce certain types of inflammation-related cells. Getty Images
  • Researchers say periodic fasting can reduce inflammation in the body .
  • Inflammation is one of the ways in which the body fights infection, but if there is too much inflammation that can lead to various diseases . [19659004] Experts say that many people have excess inflammation because they eat too much and eat too often .

Temporary starvation and related diets are instant. And there may be some good reasons to extend your 15 minutes of fame.

A new study concludes that periodic fasting reduces inflammation, a condition that can lead to various diseases such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and more. and inflammatory bowel syndrome.

This decrease, an open study, is due to a decrease in inflammatory cells – called "monocytes" – in the blood.

Researchers also state that monocytes that are in the blood are less inflammatory than humans and mice that are not on a fasting diet.

The reason for the difference may not be so much that it is good to starve, as everyone else eats too much.

"Especially in the Western world, people eat all the time and this is a fairly recent habit in human evolution," Dr. Miriam Merad, author of the new study and director of the Institute for Precision Immunology at Icahn Medical School in Mount Si no, in New York, Healthline said.

Inflammation is a useful tool that our bodies use to fight infections.

But, Merad suggested, the amount of inflammatory cells we usually have today may be more a product of this overeating.

"We were wondering if the number of monocytes we call normal is not really normal – in fact it puts us at risk … and may be redundant, it may reflect our recent eating habits," said Merad. "In some ways we have acquired eating habits that put us at risk of inflammation."

The study's findings are consistent with how this link between diet and inflammation works.

But the lessons are that eating less can reduce inflammation and the problems associated with it. they are not new.

"We are constantly over-fueling, and this leads to what I would call inflammatory pathways," says Christine Kirkpatrick, MS, RDN, who runs the Health Nutrition Services at the Welsh Institute of Clinics in Cleveland. Healthline. "So the time-limited dietary restrictions are that."

"This does not mean that food is not important," she added.

It is only a matter of moderation.

One thing Kirkpatrick recommends to some of his clients is to eat only between certain times of the day and avoid sugars.

She suggested eating only between 11am and 7pm as an example that somewhat mimics circadian rhythms.

This time-limited diet "has been shown to improve overall gut and microbiota health, which has been proven to have a major health impact," she says.

a new study, human participants did something a little different.

They were not allowed to eat between noon and 3:00 pm on the first day, and then not between 8am on the same day until 3:00 pm the following day. They were allowed to drink water.

Blood is drawn at 3 hours for testing white blood cell levels. The white blood cells, of which monocytes are one type, are the body's defense against infection and usually show inflammation.

"We use them to find out if someone is sick and there are numbers that are considered normal," Merad said. "People with infection have a large number. What we have seen here is a very strong decline in monocytes. "

Other studies have found somewhat similar things.

A 2013 study concluded that fasting for more than 24 hours can reduce inflammation by reducing oxidative stress in cells. [19659007] Study 2014 found that both fasting and alternative fasting are as effective as limiting calorie intake when reducing insulin resistance.

But Mered hopes to look further into different diets – including in the potential negative impact

"And then we'll really start to understand if we can make serious recommendations for society," she said.

Unlike diets that cut or cut certain foods, periodic fasting is usually involves simply not eating at certain times.

Usually this means abstaining from 16 to 24 hours, usually twice a week.

"Constant starvation becomes very fashionable, but some people do crazy things by not eating for days," notes Merad.

But the question isn't to stop eating.

"What I'm saying is we probably eat too much and too often – we definitely eat too often," she says.


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