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Hubble is spying on a giant star that is fighting self-destruction



31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Hubble made this image of the rare blue variable star AG Carinae, located 20,000 light-years from Earth in the Milky Way galaxy, to celebrate the 31st anniversary of its launch. The star has experienced several explosions that have created her distinctive halo.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

The Orion Nebula is 1,500 light-years from Earth and is located in The belt of Orion in the constellation Orion. This is one of the brightest nebulae – and on a clear, dark night it is visible to the naked eye. The nebula is the closest star-forming region on Earth.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

The Hubble Space Telescope was launched by the Discovery space shuttle on April 24, 1990.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Hubble has given us many images of our neighbor Mars. This image was taken in 2003, when Mars took its closest approach in nearly 60,000 years. On August 27, 2003, the two worlds were only 34.6 million miles from downtown. In contrast, Mars could be about 249 million miles from Earth.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Hubble snapped this image in 2007 on Ganymede, who appears to be peeking out from under Jupiter. Ganymede is the largest moon in our solar system and is even larger than Mercury.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Hubble captured this image of Saturn in 2004, a view so sharp that some of the smaller rings on the planet can be seen.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Hubble traces clouds on Uranus in this 1997 image. The image is a composite of three close-up infrared images. The rings of the planet are visible in the near infrared region. The two images show eight of Uranus’ 27 moons. Uranus is about 1.75 billion miles from Earth.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Hubble captured this image of the distant blue-green world of Neptune in 2005. Fourteen different color filters were used to help scientists learn more about Neptune’s atmosphere. Neptune is about 2.8 billion miles from Earth.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Hubble discovered four of Pluto’s five moons. In 2005, Nix and Hydra were discovered. Hubble discovered Kerberos in 2011 and Styx in 2012. The new discoveries joined Pluto’s large moon, Charon, which was discovered in 1978. Styx was discovered by scientists using Hubble to look for potential dangers to the spacecraft ” New Horizons ”flew from Pluto in July 2015 Pluto is about 2.9 billion miles from Earth.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

The iconic Horsehead Nebula is a favorite target for astronomers. Look closely and you will see what it looks like the head of a horse rising in the stars. This Hubble image captures the nebula in infrared wavelengths. The nebula is 1,600 light-years from Earth.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

The Cat’s Eye Nebula is a cluster of luminous gases ejected into space by a dying star. This image of the Hubble Space Telescope shows details of structures, including high-velocity gas jets and unusual gas assemblies. This color picture is a composition of three images made with different wavelengths. The nebula is estimated at 1000 years. It is located about 3,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation Draco.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

The Bug or Butterfly Nebula looks like a butterfly with wings extending across the galaxy. It’s actually a cloud of spinning gas ejected by a dying star. Scientists say the gas is over 36,000 degrees Fahrenheit and expands into space at more than 600,000 miles per hour. This image was taken with Hubble’s wide-range camera 3, a camera installed on Hubble during its upgrade in May 2009 by astronaut shuttles. The nebula is about 3,800 light-years away in the constellation Scorpius.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Astronomers have combined several Hubble images taken in 2014 to create an improved look at Hubble’s iconic 1995 image, “Pillars of Creation.” The new image shows a wider view of the poles, which extend to a height of about 5 light years. The poles are part of a small region of the Eagle Nebula that is about 6,500 light-years from Earth.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

This huge nebula is 7,500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Karina. It is one of the largest and brightest nebulae and is a children’s room for new stars. In addition, there are several stars that are estimated to be at least 50 to 100 times the mass of our Sun, including Eta Carinae, one of the brightest known stars and one of the most massive stars in the Milky Way galaxy.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

One of the closest neighbors of our own Milky Way, the Andromeda Galaxy, can be seen with the naked eye if you know where to look on a clear, dark night. In 2012, scientists using Hubble data predicted that Andromeda would collide with the Milky Way in about four billion years. Andromeda is 2.5 million light-years from Earth.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

The Puri galaxy is 12 million light-years away. It gets its name from its shape: From the Earth it looks like an elongated elliptical disk.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

It is called one of the most photogenic galaxies: The Sombrero Galaxy resembles the giant broad edge of a Mexican hat located among the stars. It can be seen with the help of a small telescope. It is located about 28 million light years from Earth.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

This group of galaxies is about 290 million light-years from Earth. It is named after its discoverer, the French astronomer Edouard Stefan, who first noticed it in 1877.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Hubble captured this image of a group of interacting galaxies called Arp 273. The larger galaxy has a central disk that is curved into a rose-like shape from being pulled by its partner from below.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

In 2004, astronomers discovered the deepest portrait of the visible universe ever made. Called Hubble’s Ultra-Deep Field, the million-second exposure shows the first galaxies to appear shortly after the Big Bang. The image shows about 10,000 galaxies. In 2012, astronomers assembled an improved image called the Hubble eXtreme deep field. It combines 10 years of images from the Hubble Space Telescope, taken from a spot in the sky at the center of Hubble’s original ultra-deep field. The new image contains about 5,500 galaxies.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

This 2018 Hubble image shows the Laguna Nebula, a chaotic nursery full of baby stars. In the center of this image, a young star 200,000 times brighter than our sun emits ultraviolet radiation.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Even the stars like to blow balloons. This 2016 image shares Hubble’s view of the bubble nebula, where an oversized, massive star blows a giant balloon into space. The nebula is 7 light-years in diameter.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

The Cone Nebula is a stormy star-shaped column of gas and dust. It is 7 light-years long, but this image, taken by Hubble in 2002, shows the best 2.5 light-years (equivalent to 23 million orbits to the moon). Ultraviolet radiation causes hydrogen gas to emit an ominous red glow.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

This is a detailed look at the section of a slowly expanding supernova or the remnants of an exploding star. Hubble made this image in 2015 of the nebula veil at 2,100 light-years. The star used to be 20 times more massive than our sun, but only balls of gas remain.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

In 2009, NASA’s major observatories, including Hubble, along with the Spitzer Space Telescope and the Chandra X-ray Observatory, joined forces to create this unprecedented composite image of the center of our Milky Way galaxy. Here you can see infrared and X-ray light captured by telescopes. Hubble’s contribution is in yellow, Spitzer’s observations are in red, and Chandra’s observations are in blue and purple.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Hubble also teamed up with Spitzer to create this stunning image of the Orion Nebula in 2006. The image combines visible, infrared and ultraviolet light. A community of massive stars is represented by the yellow in the heart of the image.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Hubble captured this view of an expanding halo of light around the star V838 Monocerotis in 2004.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

M83 is a nearby spiral galaxy, and this 2014 Hubble image shows its thousands of clusters of stars and supernova remnants. Young stars can be seen in pink hydrogen gas bubbles.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

This infrared light image, taken by Hubble in 2014, shows the nebula of the monkey’s head, where the birth of stars occurs 6,400 light-years away. Clouds of dust and glowing gas, the ingredients for star formation, swirl here.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

This ultraviolet observation of the giant star Eta Carinae was made by Hubble in 2019. The star is the larger of the two orbiting each other. It is known that there are strong bursts, as can be seen from the bubbles here.

31 years of images on the Hubble Space Telescope

Fireworks are even more beautiful in space. Hubble captured this image of a giant cluster of 3,000 stars in 2015. It is called Westerlund 2, located 20,000 light-years from Earth.


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